Mark J. Manary, M.D.  manary@kids.wustl.edu

Profile picture
Helene B. Roberson Professor of Pediatrics
Emergency Medicine

phone: (314) 454-2341

Education

  • BS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology1977
  • MD, Washington University School of Medicine1982

Training

  • Internship and Residency, St. Louis Children's Hospital1982 - 1985

Licensure and Board Certification

  • 1984 - PresMO, Medical License
  • 1988 - PresAmerican Board of Pediatrics
  • 1989 - PresPediatric Advanced Life Support
  • 1989Pediatric Advanced Life Support - Affiliate Faculty
  • 1989Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (S.A.F.E.) - Provider
  • 1994 - PresAmerican Board of Pediatrics, Subspecialty Pediatric Emergency Medicine

Honors

  • CIBA Award of Community Service1980
  • St. Louis Pediatric Society Award1982
  • Fulbright Scholar1994 - 1995
  • Academic Humanitarian Physician of the Year, American Association of Medical Colleges2004
  • AOA Member, Washington University Chapter2005
  • Outstanding Graduate Student Mentor Award, Washington University Graduate Student Senate2006
  • Excellence in Pediatrics Award, St. Louis Pediatric Society2007
  • Rose Award for Community Education, St. Louis County Public Schools2007
  • Washington University Distinguished Alumni Faculty Award2007
  • Distinuished Community Service Award, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine2012
  • Named as a WHO Expert Advisory on the Management of Malnutrition in Children2012

Recent Publications view all (220)


Publication Co-Authors

  1. Alternative Ready-To-Use Therapeutic Food Yields Less Recovery Than the Standard for Treating Acute Malnutrition in Children From Ghana. Glob Health Sci Pract. 2019;7(2):203-214. PMID:31189698 
  2. Comparative Effectiveness of Four Specialized Nutritious Food Products for Treatment of Moderate Acute Malnutrition in Sierra Leone (P10-140-19). Curr Dev Nutr. 2019;3(Suppl 1). PMCID:PMC6573923  PMID:31223780 
  3. Development of Acute Malnutrition Despite Nutritional Supplementation in Malawi. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019;68(5):734-737. PMID:31022095 
  4. Ready-to-Use Supplemental Food for Nutritional Supplementation in Cystic Fibrosis. Curr Dev Nutr. 2019;3(5):nzz016. PMCID:PMC6468303  PMID:31011716 
  5. Development of Acute Malnutrition Despite Nutritional Supplementation in Malawi. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2019. PMID:30562313 
  6. Relapse after severe acute malnutrition: A systematic literature review and secondary data analysis. Matern Child Nutr. 2019;15(2):e12702. PMID:30246929 
  7. Supplementation With Lactoferrin and Lysozyme Ameliorates Environmental Enteric Dysfunction: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Am J Gastroenterol. 2019;114(4):671-678. PMID:30829679 
  8. Consumption of Animal-Source Protein is Associated with Improved Height-for-Age z Scores in Rural Malawian Children Aged 12⁻36 Months. Nutrients. 2019;11(2). PMCID:PMC6413013  PMID:30823563 
  9. WASH alone cannot prevent childhood linear growth faltering. Lancet Glob Health. 2019;7(1):e16-e17. PMID:30554752 
  10. New Insights into the Pathogenesis and Treatment of Malnutrition. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2018;47(4):813-827. PMCID:PMC6484436  PMID:30337034 
  11. Use of Mid-Upper Arm Circumference by Novel Community Platforms to Detect, Diagnose, and Treat Severe Acute Malnutrition in Children: A Systematic Review. Glob Health Sci Pract. 2018;6(3):552-564. PMCID:PMC6172115  PMID:30185435 
  12. Detection and interpretation of fecal host mRNA in rural Malawian infants aged 6-12 months at risk for environmental enteric dysfunction. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2018;243(12):985-989. PMCID:PMC6180405  PMID:30099958 
  13. Effect of cowpea flour processing on the chemical properties and acceptability of a novel cowpea blended maize porridge. PLoS One. 2018;13(7):e0200418. PMCID:PMC6039016  PMID:29990380 
  14. Effect of Nutritional Interventions on Micronutrient Status in Pregnant Malawian Women with Moderate Malnutrition: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2018;10(7). PMCID:PMC6073606  PMID:29986492 
  15. Milk Powder Added to a School Meal Increases Cognitive Test Scores in Ghanaian Children. J Nutr. 2018;148(7):1177-1184. PMID:29905824 
  16. Children with Poor Linear Growth Are at Risk for Repeated Relapse to Wasting after Recovery from Moderate Acute Malnutrition J Nutr. 2018;148(6):974-979. doi:10.1093/jn/nxy033  PMID:29726948 
  17. Choline Supplementation Prevents a Hallmark Disturbance of Kwashiorkor in Weanling Mice Fed a Maize Vegetable Diet: Hepatic Steatosis of Undernutrition. Nutrients. 2018;10(5). PMCID:PMC5986532  PMID:29786674 
  18. Choline Supplementation Prevents a Hallmark Disturbance of Kwashiorkor in Weanling Mice Fed a Maize Vegetable Diet: Hepatic Steatosis of Undernutrition Nutrients. 2018;10(5):653. doi:10.3390/nu10050653  PMID:29786674  
  19. Household-level factors associated with relapse following discharge from treatment for moderate acute malnutrition Br J Nutr. 2018;119(9):1039-1046. doi:10.1017/S0007114518000363  PMID:29502542 
  20. EB 2017 Article: Interpretation of the lactulose:mannitol test in rural Malawian children at risk for perturbations in intestinal permeability Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2018;243(8):677-683. doi:10.1177/1535370218768508  PMID:29597877 
  21. Combined Protocol for Acute Malnutrition Study (ComPAS) in rural South Sudan and urban Kenya: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial Trials. 2018;19(1):251. doi:10.1186/s13063-018-2643-2  PMCID:PMC5978994   PMID:29690916 
  22. Phylogenetic Placement of Exact Amplicon Sequences Improves Associations with Clinical Information mSystems. 2018;3(3). doi:10.1128/mSystems.00021-18  PMCID:PMC5904434   PMID:29719869 
  23. Use of a novel supplementary food and measures to control inflammation in malnourished pregnant women in Sierra Leone to improve birth outcomes: study protocol for a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical effectiveness trial BMC Nutrition. 2018;4(1):15. doi:10.1186/s40795-018-0218-y  
  24. Additional Common Bean in the Diet of Malawian Children Does Not Affect Linear Growth, but Reduces Intestinal Permeability J Nutr. 2018;148(2):267-274. doi:10.1093/jn/nxx013  PMID:29490090  
  25. Additional Common Bean in the Diet of Malawian Children Does Not Affect Linear Growth, but Reduces Intestinal Permeability. J Nutr. 2018;148(2):267-274. PMID:29490090 
  26. Complementary Feeding with Cowpea Reduces Growth Faltering in Rural Malawian Infants: A Blind, Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial Am J Clin Nutr. 2017;106(6):1500-1507. doi:10.3945/ajcn.117.160986  PMID:29092882 
  27. Low Serum w-3 and w-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and other metabolites Are Associated With Poor Linear Growth in Young Children from Rural Malawi Am J Clin Nutr. 2017;106(6):1490-1499. doi:10.3945/ajcn.117.164384  PMID:29070563 
  28. Lactoferrin and Lysozyme to Reduce Environmental Enteric Dysfunction and Stunting in Malawian Children: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial Trials. 2017;18(1):523. doi:10.1186/s13063-017-2278-8  PMID:29110675 
  29. Adolescent Pregnancy and Nutrition: A subgroup Analysis from the Mamachiponde Study in Malawi Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2017. doi:10.1111/nyas.13465  PMID:29044558 
  30. The Nutrient and Metabolite Profile of 3 Complementary Legume Foods with Potential to Improve Gut Health in Rural Malawian Children. Curr Dev Nutr. 2017;1(10):e001610. PMCID:PMC5998778  PMID:29955682 
  31. Trial of Ready-To-Use Supplemental Food and Corn-Soy Blend in Pregnant Malawian Women with Moderate Malnutrition: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial Am J Clin Nutr. 2017. doi:10.3945/ajcn.117.157198  PMID:28793991 
  32. Effect of a Package of Health and Nutrition Services on Sustained Recovery in Children After Moderate Acute Malnutrition and Factors Related to Sustaining Recovery: A Cluster-Randomized Trial Am J Clin Nutr. 2017;106(2):657-666. doi:10.3945/ajcn.116.149799  PMID:28615258 
  33. African Children With Severe Pneumonia Remain at High Risk for Death Even After Discharge Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2017;31(3):243-244. doi:10.1111/ppe.12350  PMID:28387423 
  34. Do Vulnerable Populations Consume Adequate Amounts of Dietary Protein? J Nutr. 2017;147(5):725-726. doi:10.3925/jn.117.248252  PMID:28404831 
  35. Collaboration Among Sectors to Increase Pulse Consumption Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2017;1392(1):3-5. doi:10.1111/nyas.13321  PMID:28253438 
  36. Drug-Development Concepts as Guides for Optimizing Clinical Trials of Supplemental Zinc for Populations at Risk of Deficiency or Diarrhea Nutr Rev. 2017;75(3):147-162. doi:10.1093/nutrit/nuw065  PMID:28399577 
  37. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction and the Fecal Microbiota in Malawian Children. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017;96(2):473-476. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.16-0617  PMID:27956653 
  38. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction and the Fecal Microbiota in Malawian Children Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017;96(2):473-476. doi:10.4269/ajtmh. 16-0617  PMID:27956653 
  39. Statoviruses, A Novel Taxon of RNA Viruses Present in the Gastrointestinal Tracts of Diverse Mammals Virology. 2017;504:36-44. PMID:28152382 
  40. A Combined Intervention of Zinc, Multiple Micronutrients, and Albendazole Does Not Ameliorate Environmental Enteric Dysfunction or Stunting in Rural Malawian Children in a Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. J Nutr. 2017;147(1):97-103. doi:10.3945/jn.116.237735  PMID:27807040 
  41. Sufficient Protein Quality of Food Aid Varies with the Physiologic Status of Recipients J Nutr. 2017. doi:10.3945/jn.116.239665  PMID:28100604 
  42. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction is Associated with Carnitine Deficiency and Altered Fatty Acid Oxidation EBioMedicine. 2017. doi:10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.01.026  PMID:28122695 
  43. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction and Growth Failure/Stunting in Global Child Health. Pediatrics. 2016;138(6). PMCID:Pii: e20160641  
  44. Metabolomic Changes in Serum of Children with Different Clinical Diagnoses of Malnutrition. J Nutr. 2016;146(12):2436-2444. PMCID:PMC5118769  PMID:27807038 
  45. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction and Growth Failure/Stunting in Global Child Health. Pediatrics. 2016;138(6). PMID:27940670 
  46. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction is Associated With Poor Linear Growth and Can Be Identified by Host Fecal mRNAs. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016;63(5):453-459. PMID:27347722 
  47. How Maternal Malnutrition Affects Linear Growth and Development in the Offspring. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2016;435:40-47. PMID:26820126 
  48. Perspective: The Potential Role of Essential Amino Acids and the Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 (mTORCI) Pathway in the Pathogenesis of Child Stunting Adv Nutr. 2016;7(5):853-865. PMID:27633102 
  49. Antibiotics as part of the management of severe acute malnutrition. Malawi Med J. 2016;28(3):123-130. PMCID:PMC5117002  PMID:27895846 
  50. Antibiotics As Part of the Management of Severe Acute Malnutrition. Malawi Med J. 2016;28(3):123-130. 
  51. Amoxicillin for Severe Acute Malnutrition in Children. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(2):191. PMID:27410940 
  52. Amoxicillin for Severe Acute Malnutrition in Children. N Engl J Med. 2016;275(2):191. 
  53. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction is Associated with Altered Bile Acid Metabolism. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016;104(1):191-197. PMID:27322559 
  54. The Association of Serum Choline With Linear Growth Failure in Young Children From Rural Malawi. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016;104(1):191-197. PMID:27281303 
  55. An Important Chapter in the Infection-Malnutrition Story Lancet Glob Health. 2016;4(7):e430-e431. PMID:27289200 
  56. Metabolic Alterations in Children With Environmental Enteric Dysfunction. Sci Rep. 2016;6:28009. PMCID:PMC4904796  PMID:27294788 
  57. Comparative chemical genomics reveal that the spiroindolone antimalarial KAE609 (Cipargamin) is a P-type ATPase inhibitor. Sci Rep. 2016;6:27806. PMCID:PMC4904242  PMID:27291296 
  58. Droplet digital PCR Quantifies Host Inflammatory Transcripts in Feces Reliably and Reproducibly Cell Immunol. 2016;303:43-49. PMID:27063479 
  59. The Paneth Cell: A Guardian of Gut Health. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016;2(3):259. PMCID:PMC5042368  PMID:28174718 
  60. Child Stunting is Associated with Low Circulating Essential Amino Acids. EBioMedicine. 2016;6:246-452. PMCID:PMC4856740  PMID:27211567 
  61. Preferences for food and nutritional supplements among adult people living with HIV in Malawi. Public Health Nutr. 2016;19(4):693-702. PMID:26054934 
  62. Including Whey Protein and Whey Permeate in Ready-To-Use Supplementary Food Improves Recovery Rates in Children With Moderate Acute Malnutrition: A Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016;103(3):926-933. doi:10.3945/ajcn.115.124636  PMID:26864368 
  63. New Insights Into Environmental Enteric Dysfunction. Arch Dis Child. 2016;101(8):741-744. PMID:26933151 
  64. Protein Quality and Growth in Malnourished Children Food Nutr Bull. 2016;37 Suppl 1:S29-S36. PMID:26857118 
  65. Gut Bacteria That Prevent Growth Impairments Transmitted by Microbiota from Malnourished Children. Science. 2016;351(6275). PMCID:PMC4787260  PMID:26912898 
  66. Protein Quality and Growth in Malnourished Children. Food Nutr Bull. 2016. doi:10.1177/0379572116629023  PMID:26857118 
  67. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction Includes a Broad Spectrum of Inflammatory Responses and Epithelial Repair Processes. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016;2(2):158-174.e1. doi:10.1016/j.jcmgh.2015.12.002  PMCID:PMC4769221  PMID:26973864 
  68. Acceptability of locally produced ready-to-use therapeutic foods in Ethiopia, Ghana, Pakistan and India. Matern Child Nutr. 2016. doi:10.1111/mcn.12250  PMID:26776270 
  69. Increased Exclusivity of Breastfeeding Associated with Reduced Gut Inflammation in Infants. Breastfeed Med. 2015;10:488-492. doi:10.1089/bfm.2015.0110  PMID:26594906 
  70. Effect of complementary feeding with lipid-based nutrient supplements and corn-soy blend on the incidence of stunting and linear growth among 6- to 18-month-old infants and children in rural Malawi. Matern Child Nutr. 2015;11 Suppl 4:132-43. PMID:23795976 
  71. Common beans and cowpeas as complementary foods to reduce environmental enteric dysfunction and stunting in Malawian children: study protocol for two randomized controlled trials. Trials. 2015;16(1):520. doi:10.1186/s13063-015-1027-0  PMCID:PMC4650393  PMID:26578308 
  72. Severe and Moderate Acute Malnutrition Can Be Successfully Managed with an Integrated Protocol in Sierra Leone. J Nutr. 2015;145(11):2604-2609. doi:10.3945/jn.115.214957  PMID:26423737 
  73. Gut DNA viromes of Malawian twins discordant for severe acute malnutrition. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015;112(38):11941-11946. doi:10.1073/pnas.1514285112  PMCID:PMC4586842  PMID:26351661 
  74. The effect of dietary resistant starch type 2 on the microbiota and markers of gut inflammation in rural Malawi children. Microbiome. 2015;3:37. doi:10.1186/s40168-015-0102-9  PMCID:PMC4558878  PMID:26334878 
  75. Effect of emulsifier and viscosity on oil separation in ready-to-use therapeutic food. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2015;66(6):642-648. doi:10.3109/09637486.2015.1077784  PMID:26299733 
  76. High-Oleic Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food Maintains Docosahexaenoic Acid Status in Severe Malnutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015;61(1):138-143. doi:10.1097/MPG.0000000000000741  PMCID:PMC4483140  PMID:25633498 
  77. Plasma Endotoxin Core Antibody Concentration and Linear Growth are Unrelated in Rural Malawian Children Aged 2-5 Years. BMC Res Notes. 2015;8:258. doi:10.1186/s13104-015-1238-1  PMCID:PMC4477295  PMID:26103960 
  78. Balancing Omega-6 and Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Ready-To-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF). BMC Med. 2015;13:117. doi:10.1186/s12916-015-0352-1  PMCID:PMC4433071  PMID:25980919 
  79. Recent advances in immunotherapy and vaccine development for peanut allergy. Ther Adv Vaccines. 2015;3(3):55-65. doi:10.1177/2051013615591739  PMCID:PMC4530404  PMID:26288733 
  80. It's the context! Am J Clin Nutr. 2015;101(4):693-4. PMID:25739928 
  81. Diagnosis and treatment of severely malnourished children with diarrhoea. J Paediatr Child Health. 2015;51(4):387-395. doi:10.1111/jpc.12711  PMID:25196813 
  82. Resistant starch does not affect zinc homeostasis in rural Malawian children. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2015;30:43-48. doi:10.1016/j.jtemb.2015.01.005  PMID:25744509 
  83. Extending supplementary feeding for children younger than 5 years with moderate acute malnutrition leads to lower relapse rates. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015;60(4):544-549. doi:10.1097/MPG.0000000000000639  PMCID:PMC4380557  PMID:25419681 
  84. Management of severe acute malnutrition in low-income and middle-income countries. Arch Dis Child. 2015;100(3):283-287. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-306026  PMID:25421910 
  85. Ready-to-use foods for management of moderate acute malnutrition: considerations for scaling up production and use in programs. Food Nutr Bull. 2015;36(1 Suppl):S59-S64. PMID:25902616 
  86. Possible role of the microbiome in the development of acute malnutrition and implications for food-based strategies to prevent and treat acute malnutrition. Food Nutr Bull. 2015;36(1 Suppl):S72-S75. PMID:25902618 
  87. Developing food supplements for moderately malnourished children: lessons learned from ready-to-use therapeutic foods. Food Nutr Bull. 2015;36(1 Suppl):S53-S58. PMID:25902615 
  88. Functional characterization of IgA-targeted bacterial taxa from undernourished Malawian children that produce diet-dependent enteropathy. Sci Transl Med. 2015;7(276):276ra24. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aaa4877  PMCID:PMC4423598  PMID:25717097 
  89. Mutations in the P-type cation-transporter ATPase 4, PfATP4, mediate resistance to both aminopyrazole and spiroindolone antimalarials. ACS Chem Biol. 2015;10(2):413-20. PMCID:PMC4340351  PMID:25322084 
  90. The relevance of the colon to zinc nutrition. Nutrients. 2015;7(1):572-83. PMCID:PMC4303854  PMID:25594440 
  91. A comprehensive linear programming tool to optimize formulations of ready-to-use therapeutic foods: an application to Ethiopia. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100(6):1551-1558. doi:10.3945/ajcn.114.090670  PMID:25411290 
  92. Multiple micronutrient supplementation transiently ameliorates environmental enteropathy in Malawian children aged 12-35 months in a randomized controlled clinical trial. J Nutr. 2014;144(12):2059-2065. doi:10.3945/jn.114.201673  PMID:25411039 
  93. Drug resistance genomics of the antimalarial drug artemisinin. Genome Biol. 2014;15(11):544. PMCID:PMC4283579  PMID:25470531 
  94. Lipid-based nutrient supplements do not affect the risk of malaria or respiratory morbidity in 6- to 18-month-old Malawian children in a randomized controlled trial. J Nutr. 2014;144(11):1835-42. PMID:25332483 
  95. Home-based therapy for severe acute malnutrition with ready-to-use food. Paediatr Int Child Health. 2014;34(4):266-270. doi:10.1179/2046905514Y.0000000135  PMID:25066618 
  96. Zinc deficiency in children with environmental enteropathy-development of new strategies: report from an expert workshop. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100(4):1198-1207. doi:10.3945/ajcn.113.075036  PMCID:PMC4163797  PMID:25240082 
  97. Zinc or albendazole attenuates the progression of environmental enteropathy: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014;12(9):1507-1513.e1. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2014.01.024  PMID:24462483 
  98. A high resolution case study of a patient with recurrent Plasmodium vivax infections shows that relapses were caused by meiotic siblings. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014;8(6):e2882. PMCID:PMC4046966  PMID:24901334 
  99. Growth and HIV-free survival of HIV-exposed infants in Malawi: a randomized trial of two complementary feeding interventions in the context of maternal antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014;66(2):181-187. doi:10.1097/QAI.0000000000000150  PMID:24662296 
  100. Identification of pathogen genomic variants through an integrated pipeline. BMC Bioinformatics. 2014;15:63. PMCID:PMC3945619  PMID:24589256 
  101. Providing lipid-based nutrient supplements does not affect developmental milestones among Malawian children. Acta Paediatr. 2014;103(1):e17-26. doi:10.1111/apa.12443  PMID:24118040 
  102. Targeting Plasmodium PI(4)K to eliminate malaria. Nature. 2013;504(7479):248-253. PMCID:PMC3940870  PMID:24284631 
  103. Maternal and child nutrition. Lancet. 2013;382(9904):1549. PMID:24209819 
  104. Review of the safety and efficacy of vitamin A supplementation in the treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition. Nutr J. 2013;12:125-139. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-125  PMCID:PMC3850897  PMID:24028603 
  105. A key role for lipoic acid synthesis during Plasmodium liver stage development. Cell Microbiol. 2013;15(9):1585-604. PMCID:PMC3740003  PMID:23490300 
  106. Antibiotics for uncomplicated severe malnutrition. N Engl J Med. 2013;368(25):2436-2437. doi:10.1056/NEJMc1304407  PMID:23782188 
  107. Inadequate dietary protein intake: when does it occur and what are the consequences? Food Nutr Bull. 2013;34(2):247-8. PMID:23964402 
  108. Protein source and quality in therapeutic foods affect the immune response and outcome in severe acute malnutrition. Food Nutr Bull. 2013;34(2):256-8. PMID:23964405 
  109. Direct transfer of whole genomes from bacteria to yeast. Nat Methods. 2013;10(5):410-2. PMCID:PMC4034675  PMID:23542886 
  110. Discovery of STL polyomavirus, a polyomavirus of ancestral recombinant origin that encodes a unique T antigen by alternative splicing. Virology. 2013;436(2):295-303. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2012.12.005  PMCID:PMC3693558  PMID:23276405 
  111. Children successfully treated for moderate acute malnutrition remain at risk for malnutrition and death in the subsequent year after recovery. J Nutr. 2013;143(2):215-220. doi:10.3945/jn.112.168047  PMID:23256140 
  112. Gut microbiomes of Malawian twin pairs discordant for kwashiorkor. Science. 2013;339(6119):548-554. doi:10.1126/science.1229000  PMCID:PMC3667500  PMID:23363771 
  113. Antibiotics as part of the management of severe acute malnutrition. N Engl J Med. 2013;368(5):425-435. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1202851  PMCID:PMC3654668  PMID:23363496 
  114. Investigation of food acceptability and feeding practices for lipid nutrient supplements and blended flours used to treat moderate malnutrition. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2013;45(3):258-263. doi:10.1016/j.jneb.2012.08.001  PMCID:PMC3644177  PMID:23246175 
  115. Mitotic evolution of Plasmodium falciparum shows a stable core genome but recombination in antigen families. PLoS Genet. 2013;9(2):e1003293. PMCID:PMC3567157  PMID:23408914 
  116. Detection of low-concentration host mRNA transcripts in Malawian children at risk for environmental enteropathy. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013;56(1):66-71. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e31826a107a  PMID:22832511 
  117. Abnormal gut integrity is associated with reduced linear growth in rural Malawian children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012;55(6):747-750. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182650a4d  PMID:22732897 
  118. Identification of MW polyomavirus, a novel polyomavirus in human stool. J Virol. 2012;86(19):10321-10326. doi:10.1128/JVI.01210-12  PMCID:PMC3457274  PMID:22740408 
  119. Recognition of depression in the elderly: a comparison of general practitioner opinions and the Geriatric Depression Scale. J Agricultural Food Chemistry. 2012;60:3861-3866. PMID:2245889 
  120. Human gut microbiome viewed across age and geography. Nature. 2012;486(7402):222-227. doi:10.1038/nature11053  PMCID:PMC3376388  PMID:22699611 
  121. Retention during processing and bioaccessibility of β-carotene in high β-carotene transgenic cassava root. J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60(15):3861-6. PMID:22458891 
  122. Developmental outcomes among 18-month-old Malawians after a year of complementary feeding with lipid-based nutrient supplements or corn-soy flour. Matern Child Nutr. 2012;8(2):239-248. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2011.00294.x  PMID:21342456 
  123. Prompt initiation of ART With therapeutic food is associated with improved outcomes in HIV-infected Malawian children with malnutrition. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012;59(2):173-176. doi:10.1097/QAI.0b013e3182405f8f  PMID:22107819 
  124. A novel fortified blended flour, corn-soy blend "plus-plus," is not inferior to lipid-based ready-to-use supplementary foods for the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in Malawian children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;95(1):212-219. doi:10.3945/ajcn.111.022525  PMCID:PMC3238461  PMID:22170366 
  125. Monitoring the adequacy of catch-up growth among moderately malnourished children receiving home-based therapy using mid-upper arm circumference in southern Malawi. Matern Child Health J. 2011;15(7):980-984. doi:10.1007/s10995-010-0569-8  PMID:20082126 
  126. Acceptability of three novel lipid-based nutrient supplements among Malawian infants and their caregivers. Matern Child Nutr. 2011;7(4):368-377. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2011.00297.x  PMID:21518250 
  127. The Devil Is In the Details Nutr Rev. 2011;69(2):116-117. 
  128. The duration of diarrhea and fever is associated with growth faltering in rural Malawian children aged 6-18 months. Nutr J. 2011;10(1):25-29. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-25  PMCID:PMC3068082  PMID:21418600 
  129. The devil is in the details. Nutr Rev. 2011;69(2):116-7; author reply 118. PMID:21294745 
  130. The BioCassava plus program: biofortification of cassava for sub-Saharan Africa. Annu Rev Plant Biol. 2011;62:251-272. doi:10.1146/annurev-arplant-042110-103751  PMID:21526968 
  131. Season of conception in rural gambia affects DNA methylation at putative human metastable epialleles. PLoS Genet. 2010;6(12):e1001252. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1001252  PMCID:PMC3009670  PMID:21203497 
  132. A ready-to-use therapeutic food containing 10% milk is less effective than one with 25% milk in the treatment of severely malnourished children. J Nutr. 2010;140(12):2248-2252. doi:10.3945/jn.110.123828  PMCID:PMC2981006  PMID:20980648 
  133. A reduced phytate diet does not reduce endogenous fecal zinc in children on a habitual high-phytate diet. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010;51(5):678-679. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e3181e536f7  PMID:20818269 
  134. Evaluation of the routine use of amoxicillin as part of the home-based treatment of severe acute malnutrition. Trop Med Int Health. 2010;15(9):1022-1028. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02580.x  PMCID:PMC2962695  PMID:20545919 
  135. Perturbed zinc homeostasis in rural 3-5-y-old Malawian children is associated with abnormalities in intestinal permeability attributed to tropical enteropathy. Pediatr Res. 2010;67(6):671-675. doi:10.1203/PDR.0b013e3181da44dc  PMID:20496476 
  136. Supplementary feeding in the care of the wasted HIV infected patient. Malawi Med J. 2010;22(2):46-48. PMCID:PMC3345755  PMID:21614881 
  137. The benefit of supplementary feeding for wasted Malawian adults initiating ART. AIDS Care. 2010;22(6):737-742. doi:10.1080/09540120903373581  PMID:20467944 
  138. Monitoring the Adequacy of Catch-Up Growth Among Moderately Malnourished Children Receiving Home-Based Therapy Using Mid-Upper Arm Circumference in Southern Malawi Matern Child Health J. 2010. PMID:20422271 
  139. Children consuming cassava as a staple food are at risk for inadequate zinc, iron, and vitamin A intake. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2010;65(1):64-70. doi:10.1007/s11130-010-0157-5  PMCID:PMC2840668  PMID:20165984 
  140. Consuming cassava as a staple food places children 2-5 years old at risk for inadequate protein intake, an observational study in Kenya and Nigeria. Nutr J. 2010;9:9. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-9  PMCID:PMC2837613  PMID:20187960 
  141. Locally produced ready-to-use supplementary food is an effective treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in an operational setting. Ann Trop Paediatr. 2010;30(2):103-108. doi:10.1179/146532810X12703901870651  PMID:20522296 
  142. 75 years of Kwashiorkor in Africa. Malawi Med J. 2009;21(3):96-8. PMCID:PMC3717488  PMID:20345016 
  143. Child survival in sub Sahara Africa: the role of CAPGAN and regional child health practitioners & scientists. Malawi Med J. 2009;21(3):94-5. PMCID:PMC3717487  PMID:20345015 
  144. Nutritional status of Malawian adults on antiretroviral therapy 1 year after supplementary feeding in the first 3 months of therapy. Trop Med Int Health. 2009;14(9):1059-63. PMID:19552659 
  145. Wasting disease in African children: the challenges ahead. Malawi Med J. 2009;21(3):101-5. PMCID:PMC3717489  PMID:20345017 
  146. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of rifaximin, a nonabsorbable antibiotic, in the treatment of tropical enteropathy. Am J Gastroenterol. 2009;104(9):2326-2333. doi:10.1038/ajg.2009.270  PMCID:PMC2758482  PMID:19491826 
  147. Kwashiorkor: more hypothesis testing is needed to understand the aetiology of oedema. Malawi Med J. 2009;21(3):106-107. PMCID:PMC3717490  PMID:20345018 
  148. Detection of bacterial spores with lanthanide-macrocycle binary complexes. J Am Chem Soc. 2009;131(27):9562-70. PMCID:PMC2722938  PMID:19537757 
  149. Supplementary feeding with either ready-to-use fortified spread or corn-soy blend in wasted adults starting antiretroviral therapy in Malawi: randomised, investigator blinded, controlled trial. BMJ. 2009;338:b1867. PMCID:PMC2685879  PMID:19465470 
  150. Supplementary feeding with fortified spread among moderately underweight 6-18-month-old rural Malawian children. Matern Child Nutr. 2009;5(2):159-70. PMID:19292750 
  151. Supplementary feeding with fortified spreads results in higher recovery rates than with a corn/soy blend in moderately wasted children. J Nutr. 2009;139(4):773-778. doi:10.3945/jn.108.104018  PMCID:PMC3151028  PMID:19225128 
  152. The use of home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat malnutrition in a rural area during a food crisis. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(3):464-467. doi:10.1016/j.jada.2008.11.028  PMID:19248863 
  153. Undernutrition malnutrition in infants in developing countries. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009;163(2):186. PMID:19188655 
  154. Postintervention growth of Malawian children who received 12-mo dietary complementation with a lipid-based nutrient supplement or maize-soy flour. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89(1):382-90. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.26483  PMID:19056572 
  155. Intake of lipid-based nutrient supplements during illness and convalescence among moderately-underweight Malawian children. J Health Popul Nutr. 2008;26(4):468-70. PMCID:PMC2740690  PMID:19069627 
  156. Management of acute moderate and severe childhood malnutrition. BMJ. 2008;337:a2180. PMID:19008271 
  157. Gastrointestinal and nutritional complications of human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008;47(2):247-53. PMCID:PMC4627636  PMID:18664883 
  158. Complementary feeding with fortified spread and incidence of severe stunting in 6- to 18-month-old rural Malawians. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008;162(7):619-626. doi:10.1001/archpedi.162.7.619  PMCID:PMC3721756  PMID:18606932 
  159. Case management of HIV-infected severely malnourished children: challenges in the area of highest prevalence. Lancet. 2008;371(9620):1305-1307. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60565-6  PMID:18406865 
  160. An energy-dense complementary food is associated with a modest increase in weight gain when compared with a fortified porridge in Malawian children aged 6-18 months. J Nutr. 2008;138(3):593-8. doi:10.1093/jn/138.3.593  PMID:18287372 
  161. Nutrition interventions need improved operational capacity. Lancet. 2008;371(9608):181-182. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61691-2  PMID:18207567 
  162. Feeding patterns of underweight children in rural Malawi given supplementary fortified spread at home. Matern Child Nutr. 2008;4(1):65-73. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2007.00098.x  PMID:18171408 
  163. Breast milk intake is not reduced more by the introduction of energy dense complementary food than by typical infant porridge. J Nutr. 2007;137(7):1828-1833. PMID:17585038 
  164. A large-scale operational study of home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food in childhood malnutrition in Malawi. Matern Child Nutr. 2007;3(3):206-215. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2007.00095.x  PMID:17539889 
  165. A prospective assessment of food and nutrient intake in a population of Malawian children at risk for kwashiorkor. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2007;44(4):487-493. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e31802c6e57  PMID:17414147 
  166. Growth and change in blood haemoglobin concentration among underweight Malawian infants receiving fortified spreads for 12 weeks: a preliminary trial. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006;43(4):525-532. doi:10.1097/01.mpg.0000235981.26700.d3  PMID:17033530 
  167. Local production and provision of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) spread for the treatment of severe childhood malnutrition. Food Nutr Bull. 2006;27(3 Suppl):S83-S89. PMID:17076214 
  168. Home-based therapy for oedematous malnutrition with ready-to-use therapeutic food. Acta Paediatr. 2006;95(8):1012-1015. doi:10.1080/08035250600606803  PMID:16882579 
  169. Cortisol and its action on the glucocorticoid receptor in malnutrition and acute infection. Metabolism. 2006;55(4):550-554. doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2005.11.009  PMID:16546487 
  170. The quality of the diet in Malawian children with kwashiorkor and marasmus. Matern Child Nutr. 2006;2(2):114-122. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2006.00053.x  PMID:16881921 
  171. Supplemental feeding with ready-to-use therapeutic food in Malawian children at risk of malnutrition. J Health Popul Nutr. 2005;23(4):351-357. PMID:16599106 
  172. Effect of Lactobacillus GG on intestinal integrity in Malawian children at risk of tropical enteropathy. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;82(5):1040-1045. PMID:16280436 
  173. Antioxidant supplementation for the prevention of kwashiorkor in Malawian children: randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. BMJ. 2005;330(7500):1109-1112. doi:10.1136/bmj.38427.404259.8F  PMCID:PMC557886  PMID:15851401 
  174. Comparison of home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food with standard therapy in the treatment of malnourished Malawian children: a controlled, clinical effectiveness trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;81(4):864-870. PMID:15817865 
  175. Home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food is of benefit to malnourished, HIV-infected Malawian children. Acta Paediatr. 2005;94(2):222-225. PMID:15981758 
  176. Protein quantity, not protein quality, accelerates whole-body leucine kinetics and the acute-phase response during acute infection in marasmic Malawian children. Br J Nutr. 2004;92(4):589-95. PMID:15522127 
  177. Home-based treatment of malnourished Malawian children with locally produced or imported ready-to-use food. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2004;39(2):141-146. PMID:15269617 
  178. Protein Quantity, Not Protein Quality, Accelerates Whole-Body Leucine Kinetics and the Acute Phase Response During Acute Infection in Marasmic Malawian Children Brit J Nutr. 2004;92:589-595. 
  179. Home based therapy for severe malnutrition with ready-to-use food. Arch Dis Child. 2004;89(6):557-561. PMCID:PMC1719944  PMID:15155403 
  180. Whole-body leucine kinetics and the acute phase response during acute infection in marasmic Malawian children. Pediatr Res. 2004;55(6):940-946. doi:10.1203/01.pdr.0000127017.44938.6d  PMID:15155863 
  181. Supplementary feeding of underweight, stunted Malawian children with a ready-to-use food. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2004;38(2):152-158. PMID:14734876 
  182. CO2 production during acute infection in malnourished Malawian children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(1):116-120. doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601757  PMID:14679376 
  183. Urea production and leucine oxidation in malnourished children with and without acute infection. Metabolism. 2002;51(11):1418-1422. PMID:12404191 
  184. Zinc homeostasis in Malawian children consuming a high-phytate, maize-based diet. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002;75(6):1057-1061. PMID:12036813 
  185. Community-based dietary phytate reduction and its effect on iron status in Malawian children. Ann Trop Paediatr. 2002;22(2):133-136. doi:10.1179/027249302125000850  PMID:12070948 
  186. Doctors who go the extra mile. Fighting hunger and death half a world away. Interview by Robert Lowes. Med Econ. 2002;79(3):43. PMID:11859787 
  187. Selenium status, kwashiorkor and congestive heart failure. Acta Paediatr. 2001;90(8):950-952. PMID:11529549 
  188. Protein-energy malnutrition: there is still work to do. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2001;32(5):519-20. PMID:11429508 
  189. Dietary phytate reduction improves zinc absorption in Malawian children recovering from tuberculosis but not in well children. J Nutr. 2000;130(12):2959-2964. PMID:11110854 
  190. Increased oxidative stress in kwashiorkor. J Pediatr. 2000;137(3):421-424. doi:10.1067/mpd.2000.107512  PMID:10969271 
  191. Intensive nursing care of kwashiorkor in Malawi. Acta Paediatr. 2000;89(2):203-207. PMID:10709892 
  192. Plasma urea appearance rate is lower when children with kwashiorkor and infection are fed egg white-tryptophan rather than milk protein. J Nutr. 2000;130(2):183-188. PMID:10720167 
  193. Etiology of serious infections in young Gambian infants. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18(10 Suppl):S35-S41. PMID:10530572 
  194. Clinical prediction of serious bacterial infections in young infants in developing countries. The WHO Young Infants Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18:S23-S31. PMID:10530570 
  195. Methodology for a multicenter study of serious infections in young infants in developing countries. The WHO Young Infants Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18:S8-S16. PMID:10530568 
  196. Serious infections in young infants in developing countries: rationale for a multicenter study. The WHO Young Infants Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18:S4-S7. PMID:10530567 
  197. Bacterial etiology of serious infections in young infants in developing countries: results of a multicenter study. The WHO Young Infants Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18:S17-S22. PMID:10530569 
  198. Conclusions from the WHO multicenter study of serious infections in young infants. The WHO Young Infants Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18:S32-S34. PMID:10530571 
  199. Severe hypophosphatemia in children with kwashiorkor is associated with increased mortality. J Pediatr. 1998;133(6):789-791. PMID:9842046 
  200. Comparison of Milk and Maize Based Diets in Kwashiorkor Malawi Medical Journal. 1998;11:2-5. 
  201. Case Management of Kwashiorkor: An Intervention Project at 7-Nutrition Rehabilitation Centres n Malawi Malawi Medical Journal. 1998;11:15-20. 
  202. Whole-body protein kinetics in marasmus and kwashiorkor during acute infection. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;67:1205-1209. PMID:9625094 
  203. Potassium Supplementation in Kwashiorkor Malawi Medical Journal. 1998;11:6-10. 
  204. Whole-body protein kinetics in children with kwashiorkor and infection: a comparison of egg white and milk as dietary sources of protein. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997;66:643-648. PMID:9280187 
  205. Potassium supplementation in kwashiorkor. J Gastroenterol Nutr. 1997;24:194-201. PMID:9106107 
  206. Protein metabolism in children with edematous malnutrition and acute lower respiratory infection. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997;65(4):1005-1010. PMID:9094886 
  207. Comparison of milk and maize based diets in kwashiorkor. Arch Dis Child. 1997;76(3):242-248. PMCID:PMC1717098  PMID:9135266 
  208. Intestinal permeability in kwashiorkor. Arch Dis Child. 1997;76(3):236-241. PMCID:PMC1717121  PMID:9135265 
  209. Case management of kwashiorkor: an intervention project at seven nutrition rehabilitation centres in Malawi. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1997;51(3):139-147. PMID:9076403 
  210. Cervical spine injuries in children. Pediatr Ann. 1996;25(8):423-8. PMID:8863317 
  211. Pediatric blunt cardiac injury: epidemiology, clinical features, and diagnosis. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Collaborative Research Committee: Working Group on Blunt Cardiac Injury. J Trauma. 1996;40(1):61-67. PMID:8577001 
  212. Predicting hypoxia in children with acute lower respiratory infection: a study in the highlands of Papua New Guinea. J Trop Pediatr. 1995;41(4):196-201. PMID:7563269 
  213. Treatment of Severe Malnutrition Lanet. 1995;1995:453. 
  214. Treatment of severe malnutrition. Lancet. 1995;345(8947):453. PMID:7741871 
  215. Chest Infections in African Children. Clinical Signs Unreliable BMJ. 1993;306:1342. 
  216. Childhood Sledding Injuries in 1990-1991 Pediatr Emerg Care. 1993;9:155-158. 
  217. Childhood sledding injuries in 1990-91. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1993;9(3):155-8. PMID:8346090 
  218. Antigenuria in healthy Papua New Guinean children with nasal Haemophilus influenzae type b carriage. Ann Trop Paediatr. 1993;13(4):385-389. PMID:7506888 
  219. Quadriparesis due to potassium depletion. Crit Care Med. 1986;14(8):750-752. PMID:3720335 
  220. A method for measuring both glutamine and glutamate levels and stable isotopic enrichments. Anal Biochem. 1985;147(1):92-102. PMID:4025827 
Last updated: 07/25/2019
© 2019 by Washington University in St. Louis
One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130