David Balzer, M.D.  balzerdt@wustl.edu

Professor of Pediatrics, Cardiology
Researcher, Patient Oriented Research Unit
Patient Oriented Research UnitCardiology

phone: (314) 454-6095

Education

  • MD, Saint Louis University School of Medicine1985

Training

  • Resident, Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital1985 - 1988
  • Fellowship, Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis Children's Hospital1991 - 1994

Licensure and Board Certification

  • MO, Medical License 1986
  • American Board of Pediatrics 1989
  • ABP, Sub-Board of Pediatric Cardiology 1996
  • AGA Medical Corporation. Proctor for ASD, VSD, PDA, PFO device placement 2001
  • AGA Medical Corporation. Muscular VSD advisory board 2005
  • WL Gore. Consultant for ASD device 2007
  • 2012 - Pres Medtronic. Proctor for Melody valve 2012

Honors

  • Benjamin H. Cohen Memorial Award in Pediatrics1988
  • Ross Laboratory Award for Neonatology1988
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2006
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2007
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2008
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2009
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2010
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2011
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2012
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2013
  • Distinguished Clinician Award Washington University School of Medicine2014
  • St Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2014
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2015
  • St Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2016
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2017

Recent Publications view all (74)


  1. Post-operative Catheterization Interventions at the Site of Surgery: An Application of the CRISP Scoring System. Pediatr Cardiol. 2018. PMID:29327147 
  2. Fracturing a dysfunctional Edwards Perimount bioprosthetic valve to facilitate percutaneous valve-in-valve placement of SAPIEN 3 valve with modified delivery system. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2018;91(1):81-85. PMID:29024339 
  3. Transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement using the melody valve for treatment of dysfunctional surgical bioprostheses: A multicenter study. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017. PMID:29395214 
  4. Percutaneous transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement in children weighing less than 20 kg. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2017. PMID:29193671 
  5. Long-Term Outcomes of Patent Foramen Ovale Closure or Medical Therapy after Stroke. N Engl J Med. 2017;377(11):1022-1032. PMID:28902590 
  6. Circulatory Support Using the Impella Device in Fontan Patients with Systemic Ventricular Dysfunction: A Multicenter Experience Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2017. doi:10.1002/ccd.26885  
  7. Impact of Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Replacement on Tricuspid Regurgitation in Patients with Right Ventricular Pressure and/or Volume Overload JACC. 2016;68(14):1525-1535. PMID:27687194 
  8. Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation Alters Electrophysiologic Substrate. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016;5(10). PMID:27694326 
  9. Radiation Exposure by Three-Dimensional Rotational Angiography (3DRA) During Trans-catheter Melody Pulmonary Valve Procedures (TMPV) in a Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory. Pediatr Cardiol. 2016. PMID:27452802 
  10. Transcatheter implantation of SAPIEN 3 valve in native right ventricular outflow tract for severe pulmonary regurgitation following tetralogy of fallot repair. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2016;88(1):E28-33. PMID:26945801 
  11. Improved survival after heart transplant for failed Fontan patients with preserved ventricular function. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2016. doi:10.1016/j.healun.2016.02.005  PMID:27068035 
  12. Percutaneous carotid artery access in infants < 3 months of age. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2015. doi:10.1002/ccd.26310  PMID:26697954 
  13. Sedation and Anesthesia in Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Catheterization: A Prospective Multicenter Experience. Pediatr Cardiol. 2015;36(7):1363-75. doi:10.1007/s00246-015-1167-8  PMID:25991570 
  14. Case 2: Refractory Hypertension in a Neonate NeoReviews. 2015;16(8):e493-e496. doi:10.1542/neo.16-8-e497  
  15. Case Report: Percutaneous Closure of an Ascending Aortic Pseudoaneurysm by 3D Angiography Guidance. Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J. 2015;11(2):137-9. doi:10.14797/mdcj-11-2-137  PMCID:PMC4547670  PMID:26306133 
  16. One-year follow-up of the Melody transcatheter pulmonary valve multicenter post-approval study. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2014;7(11):1254-62. doi:10.1016/j.jcin.2014.08.002  PMID:25459038 
  17. Treatment of cardiovascular complications of Alagille syndrome in clinical optimization for liver transplantation. Int J Cardiol. 2014;176(2):e37-40. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.04.187  PMID:25091721 
  18. Left main coronary artery dissection in pediatric sport-related chest trauma. J Emerg Med. 2014. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2014.04.034  PMID:24928544 
  19. Intracardiac Echocardiographic Atrial Septal Defect Closure. Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J. 2014;10(2):88-92. PMCID:PMC5396469  PMID:28435521 
  20. Contemporary transcatheter interventions in adult congenital heart disease. Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J. 2014;10(2):62. PMCID:PMC4117321  PMID:25114755 
  21. Incidence and management of life-threatening adverse events during cardiac catheterization for congenital heart disease. Pediatr Cardiol. 2014;35(1):140-8. doi:10.1007/s00246-013-0752-y  PMCID:PMC3882522  PMID:23900744 
  22. Closure of patent foramen ovale versus medical therapy after cryptogenic stroke. N Engl J Med. 2013;368(12):1092-100. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1301440  PMID:23514286 
  23. Transcatheter ventricular septal defect (VSD) creation for restrictive VSD in double-outlet right ventricle. Pediatr Cardiol. 2013;34(3):743-7. doi:10.1007/s00246-012-0337-1  PMCID:PMC3586406  PMID:22580772 
  24. Noninvasive detection of transplant coronary artery disease with contrast-enhanced cardiac MRI in pediatric cardiac transplants. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2012;31(11):1234-5. doi:10.1016/j.healun.2012.06.001  PMID:22749830 
  25. Transcatheter ventricular septal defect creation for restrictive VSD in double outlet right ventricle. Pediatric Card. 2012. PMCID: DOI10.1007/s00246-012-0337-1   
  26. Spontaneous echocardiographic contrast associated with portosystemic shunt due to persistent patent ductus venosus. Congenit Heart Dis. 2012;7(3):E18-21. doi:10.1111/j.1747-0803.2011.00587.x  PMID:22129147 
  27. Defect closure in the lipomatous hypertrophied atrial septum with the Amplatzer muscular ventricular septal defect closure device: a case series. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011;78(1):102-7. doi:10.1002/ccd.22858  PMID:21416575 
  28. Successful subxyphoid hybrid approach for placement of a Melody percutaneous pulmonary valve. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011;78(1):108-11. doi:10.1002/ccd.22930  PMID:21234917 
  29. Catheterization for congenital heart disease adjustment for risk method (charm) J Am Coll Cardiol Intv. 2011;4(9):1037-46. doi:10.1016/j.jcin.2011.05.021  PMID:21939947 
  30. Procedure-type risk categories for pediatric and congenital cardiac catheterization. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2011;4(2):188-94. doi:10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.110.959262  PMID:21386090 
  31. Transcatheter closures of a postinfarction ventricular septal defect and late ventricular pseudoaneurysm. J Invasive Cardiol. 2010;22(7):E132-7. PMID:20603516 
  32. Adverse Event Rates in Congenital Cardiac Catheterization - A Multi-Center Experience. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2010;3:389. 
  33. Propranolol treatment for hemangioma of infancy: risks and recommendations. Pediatric Dermatology . 2010;3:319. 
  34. Hypoplastic left heart associated with scimitar syndrome. Pediatr Cardiol. 2009;30(7):1037-8. doi:10.1007/s00246-009-9479-1  PMID:19495846 
  35. Multiple coronary artery fistulae treated with a single amplatzer vascular plug: Check the back door when the front is locked. Cathet Cardiovasc Interv . 2009;73(3):390. 
  36. Biventricular assist devices as a bridge to heart transplantation in small children. Circulation. 2008;118(14 Suppl):S89-93. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.754002  PMID:18824776 
  37. Percutaneous closure of a complex post-traumatic VSD Cath Cardiovasc Interv. 2008;72(1):408. 
  38. Beyond Berlin: heart transplantation in the "untransplantable". J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008;136(2):529-31. doi:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2008.01.032  PMID:18692672 
  39. Endovascular stent placement for RV to PA conduit stenosis in the norwood with sano modification. Congenit Heart Dis. 2008;3:185. 
  40. Electrocardiographic diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in children: is a diagnostic electrocardiogram always diagnostic? Pediatrics. 2007;120(2):440-4. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-0170  PMID:17671071 
  41. Surveillance for transplant coronary artery disease in infant, child and adolescent heart transplant recipients: an intravascular ultrasound study. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2006;25(8):921-7. doi:10.1016/j.healun.2006.03.022  PMID:16890112 
  42. Transcatheter closure of perimembraneous ventricular septal defects using the new amplatzer membraneous VSD occluder: Results of the U.S. phase I trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006;47:319. 
  43. Transcatheter closure of large secundum atrial septal defects using the 40 mm Amplatzer septal occluder: results of an international registry. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2005;66(4):580. 
  44. Transcatheter repair of recurrent postinfarct ventricular septal defects. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;80(5):1907-9. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2004.06.006  PMID:16242481 
  45. Relation of age, severity of illness, and hemodynamics with brain natriuretic peptide levels in patients <20 years of age with heart disease. Am J Cardiol. 2005;96(6):847-50. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.05.034  PMID:16169375 
  46. Left main stem coronary artery stenting in a 3-month-old child after anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery repair. Ped Cardiol.. 2005;26(5):734. 
  47. Transcatheter occlusion of a large pulmonary avm using the amplatzer vascular plug. Pediatric Cardiology. 2004;26(5):683. 
  48. Device closure of muscular ventricular septal defects using the amplatzer muscular VSD occluder: immediate and mid-term results of a US registry. J Am Coll Cardiol . 2004;43:1257. 
  49. Transcatheter closure of post infarction ventricular septal defects using the new amplatzer muscular VSD occluder: results of a US registry. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2004;61:196. 
  50. Novel use of the Amplatzer duct occluder to close perivalvar leak involving a prosthetic mitral valve. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2004;61(4):548-51. doi:10.1002/ccd.10785  PMID:15065155 
  51. Transcatheter occlusion of baffle leaks following atrial switch procedures for transposition of the great vessels (d-TGV). Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2004;61(2):259-63. doi:10.1002/ccd.10740  PMID:14755824 
  52. Radiofrequency perforation in the treatment of acquired left pulmonary artery atresia following repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2003;60(1):79-81. doi:10.1002/ccd.10605  PMID:12929107 
  53. Transcatheter closure of recurrent postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal defects utilizing the Amplatzer postinfarction VSD device: a case series. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2003;59(2):238-43. doi:10.1002/ccd.10510  PMID:12772250 
  54. Inhaled Nitric Oxide as a Preoperative Test (INOP Test I): the INOP Test Study Group. Circulation. 2002;106(12 Suppl 1):I76-81. PMID:12354713 
  55. Cardiac transplantation for pediatric restrictive cardiomyopathy: presentation, evaluation, and short-term outcome. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2002;21(4):455-9. PMID:11927222 
  56. Lung transplantation for pulmonary vascular disease. Ann Thorac Surg. 2002;73(1):209-17; discussion 217-9. PMID:11834012 
  57. Outcome after diagnosis of moderate-severe transplant coronary artery disease (TCAD) in pediatric heart transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2001;20(2):261. 
  58. Repair of anomalous left main coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery in infants-long term impact on the mitral valve. Ann Thor Surg 2001;71:1985-1989 Ann Thor Surg. 2001;71:1985. 
  59. Resolution of right heart enlargement after closure of secundum ASD with transcatheter technique. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001;38(5):1528. 
  60. Long-term prostacyclin infusion to reduce pulmonary hypertension in a pediatric cardiac transplant candidate prior to transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2001;20:785. 
  61. Echocardiographic predictors of left-to-right shunt in atrial septal defects. J Amer Soc Echo. 2000;13:1038. 
  62. Transplant coronary disease in pediatric heart transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2000;19:240. 
  63. Increased morbidity and high variability of cyclosporine levels in pediatric heart transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2000;19:337. 
  64. Selective coronary angiography in pediatric patients Pediatr Cardiol. 2000;8(3):285. 
  65. Rejection with heart failure after pediatric cardiac transplantation. Ann Thor Surg . 1999;68:176. 
  66. Patterns and potential value of cardiac troponin I elevations after pediatric cardiac operations. Ann Thor Surg. 1998;65:1394. 
  67. Lung retransplantation in children. Ann Thor Surg. 1998;66(1):199. 
  68. Pediatric lung transplantation at St. Louis Children's Hospital Am J Resp Crit Care Med. 1997;155(3):1027. 
  69. Transhepatic venous access for diagnostic and interventional cardiovascular procedures. JVIR. 1996;7:579. 
  70. Utility of surveillance biopsies in infant heart transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1995;14:1095. 
  71. Pediatric endomyocardial biopsy performed solely with echocardiographic guidance. J Am Soc Echocardiog. 1993;6(5):510. 
  72. Endarteritis associated with a clinically silent patent ductus arteriosus. Am Heart J. 1993;125:1192. 
  73. Ductus Arteriosus Stenting versus Surgical Systemic to Pulmonary Arterial Shunt for Ductal Dependent Pulmonary Blood Flow Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 
  74. Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Replacement with the Melody Valve in Small Diameter Expandable Right Ventricular OUtflow Tract Conduits. 
Last updated: 05/01/2018
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