Richard Buller, Ph.D. D(ABMM)

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Associate Professor, Infectious Diseases
Researcher, Infectious Diseases
Infectious Diseases

phone: (314) 454-6050


  • BS, Michigan Technological University1972
  • MS, Michigan Technological University1974
  • PhD, University of Montana1983


  • Visiting Assistant Professor, University of Montana1982 - 1983
  • Visiting Instructor, Western Montana College1982 - 1983
  • Staff Fellow, NIH, NIAID Rocky Mountain Laboratories1984 - 1989
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Washington University School of Medicine1989 - 1991

Licensure and Board Certification

  • 1981 - PresAmerican Academy of Microbiology - Registered Microbiologist
  • 1984 - PresAmerican Academy of Microbiology - Specialist, Public Health and Medical Laboratory Microbiology
  • 1993 - PresAmerican Board of Medical Microbiology (ABMM) - Diplomat: Clinical and Public Health Virology

Recent Publications view all (54)

Publication Co-Authors

  1. Multicenter Clinical Evaluation of the Luminex Aries Flu A/B & RSV Assay for Pediatric and Adult Respiratory Tract Specimens. J Clin Microbiol. 2017;55(8):2431-2438. PMCID:PMC5527421  PMID:28539342 
  2. Epstein-Barr viral loads do not predict post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder in pediatric lung transplant recipients: A multicenter prospective cohort study. Pediatr Transplant. 2017. PMID:28639398 
  3. Tissue polymerase chain reaction for the diagnosis of cytomegalovirus disease after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Am J Hematol. 2017;92(2):E19-E20. PMID:27859620 
  4. Epidemiology, Co-Infections, and Outcomes of Viral Pneumonia in Adults: An Observational Cohort Study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015;94(50):e2332. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000002332  PMID:26683973 
  5. Impact of antibacterials on subsequent resistance and clinical outcomes in adult patients with viral pneumonia: an opportunity for stewardship. Crit Care. 2015;19:404. doi:10.1186/s13054-015-1120-5  PMCID:PMC4650137  PMID:26577540 
  6. Does azithromycin modify viral load during severe respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis? J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2015.06.011  PMID:26215052 
  7. Development and Evaluation of an Enterovirus D68 Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase PCR Assay. J Clin Microbiol. 2015. doi:10.1128/JCM.00923-15  PMID:26063859 
  8. Genome sequence of enterovirus D68 from St. Louis, Missouri, USA. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;21(1):184-6. doi:10.3201/eid2101.141605  PMCID:PMC4285240  PMID:25532062 
  9. Multicenter comparison of laboratory performance in cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus viral load testing using international standards. Clin Transplant. 2014;28(12):1416-23. doi:10.1111/ctr.12473  PMCID:PMC4481866  PMID:25303316 
  10. Molecular detection of respiratory viruses. Clin Lab Med. 2013;33(3):439-60. doi:10.1016/j.cll.2013.03.007  PMID:23931834 
  11. Detection of viruses in young children with fever without an apparent source. Pediatrics. 2012;130(6):e1455-62. doi:10.1542/peds.2012-1391  PMCID:PMC3507256  PMID:23129086 
  12. Rising rates of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae in the central United States. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012;31(4):409-0. doi:10.1097/INF.0b013e318247f3e0  PMID:22209916 
  13. Comparison of the Eragen Multi-Code Respiratory Virus Panel with conventional viral testing and real-time multiplex PCR assays for detection of respiratory viruses. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48(7):2387-95. doi:10.1128/JCM.00220-10  PMCID:PMC2897522  PMID:20484608 
  14. KI polyomavirus detected in respiratory tract specimens from patients in St. Louis, Missouri. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010;29(4):329-33. doi:10.1097/INF.0b013e3181c1795c  PMID:19949359 
  15. MultiCode-PLx system for multiplexed detection of seventeen respiratory viruses. J Clin Microbiol. 2007;45(9):2779-86. doi:10.1128/JCM.00669-07  PMCID:PMC2045250  PMID:17596361 
  16. Clinical and epidemiologic characterization of WU polyomavirus infection, St. Louis, Missouri. Emerg Infect, Dis. 2007;13:1936-1938. 
  17. Panton-Valentine Leukocidin-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus lung infection in patients with cystic fibrosis. Chest. 2007;131(6):1718-25. doi:10.1378/chest.06-2756  PMID:17400676 
  18. The effect of quantification standards used in real-time CMV PCR assays on guidelines for initiation of therapy in allogeneic stem cell transplant patients. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2007;39(4):237-8. doi:10.1038/sj.bmt.1705558  PMID:17211434 
  19. Blinded comparison of repetitive-sequence PCR and multilocus sequence typing for genotyping methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from a children's hospital in St. Louis, Missouri. J Clin Microbiol. 2006;44(6):2254-7. doi:10.1128/JCM.00690-06  PMCID:PMC1489435  PMID:16757633 
  20. Critical function of the CD40 pathway in parvovirus B19 infection revealed by a hypomorphic CD40 ligand mutation. Clin Immunol. 2005;117(3):231-7. doi:10.1016/j.clim.2005.08.005  PMID:16169277 
  21. Correspondence: West Nile virus encephalopathy in an allogeneic stem cell transplant recipient: Use of quantitative PCR for diagnosis and assessment of viral clearance. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2005;36:369-370. 
  22. Correlation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cell counts and elevated CSF protein levels with enterovirus reverse transcription-PCR results in pediatric and adult patients. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42(9):4199-203. doi:10.1128/JCM.42.9.4199-4203.2004  PMCID:PMC516328  PMID:15365011 
  23. Evaluation of a real-time PCR assay using the LightCycler system for detection of parvovirus B19 DNA. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42(7):3326-8. doi:10.1128/JCM.42.7.3326-3328.2004  PMCID:PMC446240  PMID:15243107 
  24. Detection of Ehrlichia spp. in the blood of wild white-tailed deer in Missouri by PCR assay and serologic analysis. J Clin Microbiol. 2003;41(3):1263-5. PMCID:PMC150261  PMID:12624063 
  25. Reinfection with Ehrlichia chaffeensis in a liver transplant recipient. Clin Infect Dis. 2002;34(12):1644-7. doi:10.1086/340523  PMID:12032902 
  26. Identification of a p28 gene in Ehrlichia ewingii: evaluation of gene for use as a target for a species-specific PCR diagnostic assay. J Clin Microbiol. 2001;39(11):3871-6. doi:10.1128/JCM.39.11.3871-3876.2001  PMCID:PMC88457  PMID:11682500 
  27. Infections with Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Ehrlichia ewingii in persons coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;33(9):1586-94. doi:10.1086/323981  PMID:11568857 
  28. Evaluation of a commercial DNA enzyme immunoassay for detection of enterovirus reverse transcription-PCR products amplified from cerebrospinal fluid specimens. J Clin Microbiol. 2000;38(11):4260-1. PMCID:PMC87577  PMID:11060104 
  29. Ehrlichia ewingii: an emerging agent of human ehrlichiosis. LabMedica International. 2000;March/April:19-21. 
  30. Cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration in pediatric patients: defining clinically relevant reference values. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000;154(8):827-31. PMID:10922281 
  31. PCR amplification and phylogenetic analysis of groESL operon sequences from Ehrlichia ewingii and Ehrlichia muris. J Clin Microbiol. 2000;38(7):2746-9. PMCID:PMC87017  PMID:10878077 
  32. Western and dot blotting analyses of Ehrlichia chaffeensis indirect fluorescent-antibody assay-positive and -negative human sera by using native and recombinant E. chaffeensis and E. canis antigens. J Clin Microbiol. 1999;37:3888-3895. 
  33. Ehrlichia ewingii, a newly recognized agent of human ehrlichiosis. N Engl J Med. 1999;341(3):148-55. doi:10.1056/NEJM199907153410303  PMID:10403852 
  34. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction to predict occurrence of symptomatic cytomegalovirus infection and assess response to ganciclovir therapy in renal transplant recipients. J Infect Dis. 1998;178(3):626-35. PMID:9728529 
  35. Prophylactic oral ganciclovir compared with deferred therapy for control of cytomegalovirus in renal transplant recipients. Transplantation. 1997;64(12):1843-6. PMID:9422429 
  36. Effects of storage temperature and time on qualitative and quantitative detection of cytomegalovirus in blood specimens by shell vial culture and PCR. J Clin Microbiol. 1997;35(9):2224-8. PMCID:PMC229944  PMID:9276392 
  37. Polymerase chain reaction-triggered preemptive or deferred therapy to control cytomegalovirus-associated morbidity and costs in renal transplant patients. Transplant Proc. 1997;29(1-2):809-11. PMID:9123536 
  38. Control of cytomegalovirus-associated morbidity in renal transplant patients using intensive monitoring and either preemptive or deferred therapy. J Am Soc Nephrol. 1997;8(1):118-25. PMID:9013456 
  39. Direct quantitative comparison of shell vial and conventional culture for detection of CMV viremia. Clin Diagn Virol. 1995;3(4):317-22. PMID:15566812 
  40. Quantitative analysis of cytomegalovirus viremia in lung transplant recipients. J Infect Dis. 1995;171(4):1006-10. PMID:7706777 
  41. Herpes simplex virus type 2 meningitis in the absence of genital lesions: improved recognition with use of the polymerase chain reaction. Clin Infect Dis. 1995;20(4):842-8. PMID:7795083 
  42. Expanded spectrum of herpes simplex encephalitis in childhood. J Pediatr. 1995;126(2):234-41. PMID:7844669 
  43. Vaccinia keratouveitis presenting as a masquerade syndrome Am J Ophthal. 1994;117:480-487. 
  44. Comparison of PCR and pp65 antigenemia assay with quantitative shell vial culture for detection of cytomegalovirus in blood leukocytes from solid-organ transplant recipients. J Clin Microbiol. 1994;32(4):997-1003. PMCID:PMC267169  PMID:8027357 
  45. Use of polymerase chain reaction to demonstrate cytomegalovirus DNA in CSF of patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Neurology. 1993;43(1):75-9. PMID:8380909 
  46. Use of a modified shell vial technique to quantitate cytomegalovirus viremia in a population of solid-organ transplant recipients. J Clin Microbiol. 1992;30(10):2620-4. PMCID:PMC270488  PMID:1328280 
  47. Variants selected by treatment of human immunodeficiency virus-infected cells with an immunotoxin. J Exp Med. 1990;172(3):745-57. PMCID:PMC2188557  PMID:1696955 
  48. Normal and scrapie-associated forms of prion protein differ in their sensitivities to phospholipase and proteases in intact neuroblastoma cells. J Virol. 1990;64:1093-1101. 
  49. Failure of human immunodeficiency virus entry and infection in CD4-positive human brain and skin cells. J Virol. 1990;64:214-221. 
  50. Host genes conferring resistance to a central nervous system disease induced by a polytropic recombinant Friend murine retrovirus. J Virol. 1990;64(2):493-8. PMCID:PMC249136  PMID:2153219 
  51. A population of murine hematopoietic progenitors expresses an endogenous retroviral gp70 linked to the Rmcf gene and associated with resistance to erythroleukemia. J Exp Med. 1989;169(3):865-80. PMCID:PMC2189291  PMID:2926325 
  52. The endogenous mink cell focus-forming (MCF) gp70 linked to the Rmcf gene restricts MCF virus replication in vivo and provides partial resistance to erythroleukemia induced by Friend murine leukemia virus. J Exp Med. 1988;167(5):1535-46. PMCID:PMC2188947  PMID:2835418 
  53. Effect of the Today contraceptive sponge on growth and toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 production by Staphylococcus aureus. Obstet Gynecol. 1987;69(4):563-9. PMID:3822297 
  54. Identification of two forms of an endogenous murine retroviral env gene linked to the Rmcf locus. J Virol. 1987;61(1):29-34. PMCID:PMC255194  PMID:3023705 
Last updated: 08/18/2017
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