Avihu Z. Gazit, M.D.  Gazit_A@kids.wustl.edu

Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Critical Care Medicine
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Cardiology
Critical Care MedicineCardiology

phone: (314) 454-2527

Clinical Interests

My responsibilities as the medical director of the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU) and co-leader of the CICU Unit Based Joint Practice Team are mainly clinical, however, I devote significant attention to translational research focusing on heart and blood pressure variability analysis that reflect autonomic nervous system dysfunction in the context of heart failure, and dynamic near infrared spectroscopy monitoring as an early predictor of inadequate oxygen delivery. My clinical foci are hemodynamic monitoring in critically ill children and mechanical circulatory support of children with acute decompensate heart failure.


  • M.D., Technion-Israel Institute of Technology1997


  • Residency in Pediatrics, Bnai-zion Medical Center1997 - 2001
  • Fellow, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine2002 - 2005
  • Fellow, Pediatric Cardiology, Washington University School of Medicine2005 - 2007

Licensure and Board Certification

  • Israel Health Ministry license to practice medicine 1997
  • General Pediatrics – Israel Health Ministry, license 2001
  • Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates2002
  • MO, State of Missouri Medical License2007


  • Award of Excellence (cum laude) for graduate M.D. thesis1997

Recent Publications view all (30)

  1. Gazit AZ, Sweet SC, Grady RM, Boston US, Huddleston CB, Hoganson DM, Shepard M, Raithel S, Mehegan M, Doctor A, Spinella PC, Eghtesady P. Recommendations for utilization of the paracorporeal lung assist device in neonates and young children with pulmonary hypertension. Pediatr Transplant. 2016;20(2):256-70. PMID:26899454  
  2. Hoganson DM, Boston US, Gazit AZ, Canter CE, Eghtesady P. Successful bridge through transplantation with berlin heart ventricular assist device in a child with failing fontan. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015;99(2):707-9. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.04.064  PMID:25639417  
  3. Saini A, Hartman ME, Gage BF, Said A, Gazit AZ, Eghtesady P, Boston US, Spinella PC. Incidence of Platelet Dysfunction by Thromboelastography-Platelet Mapping in Children Supported with ECMO: A Pilot Retrospective Study. Front Pediatr. 2015;3:116. doi:10.3389/fped.2015.00116  PMID:26779465  
  4. Gazit AZ, Kemp JS. Cerebral tissue oxygenation index and SIDS. Pediatrics. 2014;134(3):598-9. doi:10.1542/peds.2014-1875  PMID:25157009  
  5. Hoganson DM, Gazit AZ, Boston US, Sweet SC, Grady RM, Huddleston CB, Eghtesady P. Paracorporeal lung assist devices as a bridge to recovery or lung transplantation in neonates and young children. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014;147(1):420-6. PMID:24199759  
  6. Gazit AZ, Li A, Choi JS, Miquerol L, Jay PY. Ex vivo, microelectrode analysis of conduction through the AV node of wild-type and Nkx2-5 mutant mouse hearts as guided by a Cx40-eGFP transgenic reporter. Physiol Rep. 2014;2(4):e00285. doi:10.14814/phy2.285  PMCID:PMC4001877  PMID:24771692  
  7. Boston US, Fehr J, Gazit AZ, Eghtesady P. Paracorporeal lung assist device: an innovative surgical strategy for bridging to lung transplant in an infant with severe pulmonary hypertension caused by alveolar capillary dysplasia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2013. doi:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.06.014  PMID:23871141  
  8. Hoganson DM, Gazit AZ, Sweet SC, Grady RM, Huddleston CB, Eghtesady P. Neonatal paracorporeal lung assist device for respiratory failure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013;95(2):692-4. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2012.05.128  PMID:23336880  
  9. Gazit AZ, Fehr J. Perioperative management of the pediatric cardiac transplantation patient. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2011;13(5):425-43. doi:10.1007/s11936-011-0143-8  PMID:21773731  
  10. Gazit AZ, Cooper DS. Emerging technologies. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2011;12(4 Suppl):S55-61. doi:10.1097/PCC.0b013e3182211c2b  PMID:22129551  
  11. Gazit AZ, Sweet SC, Grady RM, Huddleston CB. First experience with a paracorporeal artificial lung in a small child with pulmonary hypertension. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011;141(6):e48-50. doi:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2011.02.005  PMID:21420104  
  12. Gazit AZ, Canter CE. Impact of pulmonary vascular resistances in heart transplantation for congenital heart disease. Curr Cardiol Rev. 2011;7(2):59-66. doi:10.2174/157340311797484213  PMCID:PMC3197090  PMID:22548028  
  13. Gazit AZ, Singh GK, Johnson MC. To-and-fro murmur in the young due to major congenital cardiac defects: is cardiac auscultation obsolete? Cardiol Young. 2010;20(6):707-8. doi:10.1017/S1047951110001393  PMID:20887646  
  14. Gazit AZ. Dexmedetomidine and pulmonary artery pressure in the pediatric cardiac surgery patient--A new insight. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010;11(5):634-5. doi:10.1097/PCC.0b013e3181d505e3  PMID:20823739  
  15. Gazit AZ, Huddleston CB, Checchia PA, Fehr J, Pezzella AT. Care of the pediatric cardiac surgery patient--part 2. Curr Probl Surg. 2010;47(4):261-376. doi:10.1067/j.cpsurg.2009.12.003  PMID:20207257  
  16. Basnet S, Schneider M, Gazit A, Mander G, Doctor A. Fresh goat's milk for infants: myths and realities--a review. Pediatrics. 2010;125(4):e973-7. doi:10.1542/peds.2009-1906  PMID:20231186  
  17. Gazit AZ, Huddleston CB, Checchia PA, Fehr J, Pezzella AT. Care of the pediatric cardiac surgery patient--part 1. Curr Probl Surg. 2010;47(3):185-250. doi:10.1067/j.cpsurg.2009.11.006  PMID:20159189  
  18. Gazit AZ, Huddleston CB, Checchia PA, Fehr J, Pezzella AT. In brief. Curr Probl Surg. 2010;47(3):182-3. doi:10.1067/j.cpsurg.2009.11.005  PMID:20159188  
  19. Gazit AZ, Gandhi SK, C Canter C. Mechanical circulatory support of the critically ill child awaiting heart transplantation. Curr Cardiol Rev. 2010;6(1):46-53. doi:10.2174/157340310790231617  PMCID:PMC2845794  PMID:21286278  
  20. Gazit AZ, Oren PP. Pharmaceutical management of decompensated heart failure syndrome in children: current state of the art and a new approach. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2009;11(5):403-9. PMID:19846039  
  21. McBride ME, Huddleston CB, Balzer DT, Goel D, Gazit AZ. Hypoplastic left heart associated with scimitar syndrome. Pediatr Cardiol. 2009;30(7):1037-8. doi:10.1007/s00246-009-9479-1  PMID:19495846  
  22. Gazit AZ, Gandhi SK. Pediatric primary cardiac tumors: diagnosis and treatment. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2007;9(5):399-406. PMID:17897569  
  23. Gazit AZ, Avari JN, Balzer DT, Rhee EK. Electrocardiographic diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in children: is a diagnostic electrocardiogram always diagnostic? Pediatrics. 2007;120(2):440-4. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-0170  PMID:17671071  
  24. Gazit AZ, Singh GK, Shumway J, Johnson MC, Ludomirsky A. Fetal cardiac rhabdomyoma: a sheep or a wolf? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2007;20(4):343-8. doi:10.1080/14767050601158297  PMID:17437243  
  25. Shaoul R, Gazit A, Weller B, Berman S, Jaffe M. Neurological manifestations of an acute abdomen in children. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2005;21(9):594-7. PMID:16160664  
  26. Lorber A, Gazit AZ, Khoury A, Schwartz Y, Mandel H. Cardiac manifestations in thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome. Pediatr Cardiol. 2003;24(5):476-81. doi:10.1007/s00246-002-0215-3  PMID:14627317  
  27. Lorber A, Gazit AZ, Khoury A, Schwartz Y, Freudental F. Percutaneous transaortic occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus using a new versatile angiographic and delivery catheter. Pediatr Cardiol. 2003;24(5):482-3. doi:10.1007/s00246-002-0235-z  PMID:14627318  
  28. Netzer D, Gazit A, Suaad S, Milo S, Rozenberg B, Bomzon A, Katz Y. [Carbon monoxide: an essential modulator of blood vessel tone]. Harefuah. 1997;132(7):494-9. PMID:9153923  
  29. Avihu Z. Gazit, MD; Orlando Petrucci, MD, PhD; Peter Manning, MD; Sirine Baltagi, MD; Kathleen Simpson , MD; Chesney Castleberry , MD; Charles Canter , MD; Pirooz Eghtesady, MD, PhD. A Novel Surgical Approach to Mechanical Circulatory Support inUniventricular Infants The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 
  30. Tara M. Neumayr, MD; Jeff Gill, PhD; Julie C. Fitzgerald, MD PhD; Avihu Z. Gazit, MD; Jose A. Pineda, MD; Robert A. Berg MD; J. Michael Dean, MD, MBA; Frank W. Moler, MD, MS; Allan Doctor, MD. Identifying Risk for Acute Kidney Injury in Infants and Children Following Cardiac Arrest Pediatric Critical care Medicine Journal. 
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