Caroline K. Lee, M.D.

Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Cardiology

phone: (314) 454-6095


  • B.A., Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA1995
  • M.D., University of Virginia School of Medicine1999


  • Residency in Pediatrics, University of Virginia Health System1999 - 2002
  • Fellowship in Pediatric Cardiology, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine2002 - 2003
  • Fellowship in Pediatric Cardiology, Children's National Medical Center2003 - 2005

Licensure and Board Certification

  • National Board of Medical Examiners2000
  • Diplomate, American Board of Pediatrics and its Subboard of Pediatric Cardiology2006
  • MO, State Board of Registration for the Healing Arts2008
  • IL, State of Illinois Division of Professional Regulation2008


  • National Merit Semifinalist1990
  • Omicron Delta Epsiolon International Honor Society in Economics1993
  • Cum Laude Honors, Wellesley College1995
  • Pediatric Clerkship Teaching Award, Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters2005
  • Competitively selected to attend the AAMC Early Career Women Faculty Professional Development Seminar2010
  • "Best Lecturer of the Month," Pediatric Residency Noon Lecture Series, for "Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease"2013
  • Selected for Leadership Development Program, Department of Pediatrics2015
  • "Best Doctors" Award, St. Louis Magazine2015 - Pres
  • Competitively selected to attend AAMC Mid-Career Women Faculty Professional Development Seminar2015
  • Distinguished Teaching Service Award, Washington University School of Medicine2016

Recent Publications view all (10)

Publication Co-Authors

  1. Amarillo IE, O'Connor S, Lee CK, Willing M, Wambach JA. De novo 9q gain in an infant with tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve: Patient report and review of congenital heart disease in 9q duplication syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2015;167A(12):2966-74. PMID:26768185  
  2. Philip T. Levy, Brittney Diodena, Mark R. Holland, Timothy J. Sekarski, Caroline K. Lee, Amit Mathur, W. Todd Cade, Alison G. Cahill, Aaron Hamvas, Gautam K. Singh. Right Ventricular Function in Preterm and Term Neonates: Reference Values for Right Ventricle Areas and Fractional Area of Change Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography. 2015. 
  3. Simpson KE, Storch GA, Lee CK, Ward KE, Danon S, Simon CM, Delaney JW, Tong A, Canter CE. High Frequency of Detection by PCR of Viral Nucleic Acid in the Blood of Infants Presenting with Clinical Myocarditis Pediatr Cardiol. 2015. doi:10.1007/s00246-015-1290-6  PMID:26499513  
  4. Simpson KE, Cunningham MW, Lee CK, Ward K, Tong A, Danon S, Simon C, Delaney JW, Storch GA, Canter CE. Children with myocarditis and new onset dilated cardiomyopathy have evidence of autoimmunity and viremia at presentation Progress in Pediatric Cardiology. Cardiomyopathy Part 1 . 2014;37(1-2):39-40. 
  5. Lee CK, Margossian R, Sleeper LA, Canter CE, Chen S, Tani LY, Shirali G, Szwast A, Tierney ES, Campbell MJ, Golding F, Wang Y, Altmann K, Colan SD, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators. Variability of M-mode versus two-dimensional echocardiography measurements in children with dilated cardiomyopathy. Pediatr Cardiol. 2013. doi:10.1007/s00246-013-0835-9  PMID:24265000  
  6. Toib A, Goldstein SB, Khanna G, Canter CE, Lee CK, Balzer DT, Singh GK . Spontaneous echocardiographic contrast associated with portosystemic shunt due to persistent patent ductus venosus Congenit Heart Dis Congenital Heart Disease. 2012;7(3):E18-21. 
  7. Simpson KE, Cibulka N, Lee CK, Huddleston CH, Canter CE. Failed Fontan heart transplant candidates with preserved vs impaired ventricular ejection: 2 distinct patient populations Journal Heart and Lung Transplant. 2012;31(5):545-547. 
  8. Lee CK, Christensen LL, Magee JC, Ojo AO, Harmon WE, Bridges ND. Pre-transplant risk factors for chronic renal dysfunction after pediatric heart transplantation: a 10 year national cohort study J Heart and Lung Tranplant 2007; 26 458-65 . Pre-transplant risk factors for chronic renal dysfunction after pediatric heart transplantation: a 10 year national cohort study. Journal Heart and Lung Transplant. 2007;26:458-465. 
  9. Goldfine AB, Bouche C, Parker RA, Kim C, Kerivan A, Soeldner JS, Martin BC, Warram JH, Kahn CR. Insulin resistance is a poor predictor of type 2 diabetes in individuals with no family history of disease. National Academy of Science. 2003;100(5):2724-2729. 
  10. Lee, Caroline K.. "Prenatal Counseling of Fetal Congenital Heart Disease" Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine. doi:10.1007/s11936-017-0502-1  
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