David Balzer, M.D.  balzer@kids.wustl.edu

Professor of Pediatrics, Cardiology
Researcher, Patient Oriented Research Unit
Patient Oriented Research UnitCardiology

phone: (314) 454-6095


  • MD, Saint Louis University School of Medicine1985


  • Resident, Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital1985 - 1988
  • Fellowship, Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis Children's Hospital1991 - 1994

Licensure and Board Certification

  • MO, Medical License 1986
  • American Board of Pediatrics 1989
  • ABP, Sub-Board of Pediatric Cardiology 1996
  • AGA Medical Corporation. Proctor for ASD, VSD, PDA, PFO device placement 2001
  • AGA Medical Corporation. Muscular VSD advisory board 2005
  • WL Gore. Consultant for ASD device 2007
  • 2012 - Pres Medtronic. Proctor for Melody valve 2012


  • Benjamin H. Cohen Memorial Award in Pediatrics1988
  • Ross Laboratory Award for Neonatology1988
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2006
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2007
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2008
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2009
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2010
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2011
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2012
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2013
  • Distinguished Clinician Award Washington University School of Medicine2014
  • St Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2014
  • St. Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2015
  • St Louis Best Doctors, St. Louis Magazine2016

Recent Publications view all (67)

  1. Circulatory Support Using the Impella Device in Fontan Patients with Systemic Ventricular Dysfunction: A Multicenter Experience Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2017. doi:10.1002/ccd.26885  
  2. Impact of Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Replacement on Tricuspid Regurgitation in Patients with Right Ventricular Pressure and/or Volume Overload JACC. 2016;68(14):1525-1535. PMID:27687194 
  3. Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation Alters Electrophysiologic Substrate. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016;5(10). PMID:27694326 
  4. Radiation Exposure by Three-Dimensional Rotational Angiography (3DRA) During Trans-catheter Melody Pulmonary Valve Procedures (TMPV) in a Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory. Pediatr Cardiol. 2016. PMID:27452802 
  5. Transcatheter implantation of SAPIEN 3 valve in native right ventricular outflow tract for severe pulmonary regurgitation following tetralogy of fallot repair. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2016;88(1):E28-33. doi:10.1002/ccd.26480  PMCID:26945801  PMID:26945801 
  6. Improved survival after heart transplant for failed Fontan patients with preserved ventricular function. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2016. doi:10.1016/j.healun.2016.02.005  PMID:27068035 
  7. Percutaneous carotid artery access in infants < 3 months of age. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2015. doi:10.1002/ccd.26310  PMID:26697954 
  8. Sedation and Anesthesia in Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Catheterization: A Prospective Multicenter Experience. Pediatr Cardiol. 2015;36(7):1363-75. doi:10.1007/s00246-015-1167-8  PMID:25991570 
  9. Case 2: Refractory Hypertension in a Neonate NeoReviews. 2015;16(8):e493-e496. doi:10.1542/neo.16-8-e497  
  10. Case Report: Percutaneous Closure of an Ascending Aortic Pseudoaneurysm by 3D Angiography Guidance. Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J. 2015;11(2):137-9. doi:10.14797/mdcj-11-2-137  PMCID:PMC4547670  PMID:26306133 
  11. One-year follow-up of the Melody transcatheter pulmonary valve multicenter post-approval study. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2014;7(11):1254-62. doi:10.1016/j.jcin.2014.08.002  PMID:25459038 
  12. Treatment of cardiovascular complications of Alagille syndrome in clinical optimization for liver transplantation. Int J Cardiol. 2014;176(2):e37-40. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2014.04.187  PMID:25091721 
  13. Intracardiac Echocardiographic Atrial Septal Defect Closure Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal. 2014;10(2):88-92. 
  14. Left main coronary artery dissection in pediatric sport-related chest trauma. J Emerg Med. 2014. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2014.04.034  PMID:24928544 
  15. Contemporary transcatheter interventions in adult congenital heart disease. Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J. 2014;10(2):62. PMCID:PMC4117321  PMID:25114755 
  16. Incidence and management of life-threatening adverse events during cardiac catheterization for congenital heart disease. Pediatr Cardiol. 2014;35(1):140-8. doi:10.1007/s00246-013-0752-y  PMCID:PMC3882522  PMID:23900744 
  17. Closure of patent foramen ovale versus medical therapy after cryptogenic stroke. N Engl J Med. 2013;368(12):1092-100. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1301440  PMID:23514286 
  18. Transcatheter ventricular septal defect (VSD) creation for restrictive VSD in double-outlet right ventricle. Pediatr Cardiol. 2013;34(3):743-7. doi:10.1007/s00246-012-0337-1  PMCID:PMC3586406  PMID:22580772 
  19. Noninvasive detection of transplant coronary artery disease with contrast-enhanced cardiac MRI in pediatric cardiac transplants. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2012;31(11):1234-5. doi:10.1016/j.healun.2012.06.001  PMID:22749830 
  20. Transcatheter ventricular septal defect creation for restrictive VSD in double outlet right ventricle. Pediatric Card. 2012. PMCID: DOI10.1007/s00246-012-0337-1   
  21. Spontaneous echocardiographic contrast associated with portosystemic shunt due to persistent patent ductus venosus. Congenit Heart Dis. 2012;7(3):E18-21. doi:10.1111/j.1747-0803.2011.00587.x  PMID:22129147 
  22. Defect closure in the lipomatous hypertrophied atrial septum with the Amplatzer muscular ventricular septal defect closure device: a case series. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011;78(1):102-7. doi:10.1002/ccd.22858  PMID:21416575 
  23. Successful subxyphoid hybrid approach for placement of a Melody percutaneous pulmonary valve. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2011;78(1):108-11. doi:10.1002/ccd.22930  PMID:21234917 
  24. Catheterization for congenital heart disease adjustment for risk method (charm) J Am Coll Cardiol Intv. 2011;4(9):1037-46. doi:10.1016/j.jcin.2011.05.021  PMID:21939947 
  25. Procedure-type risk categories for pediatric and congenital cardiac catheterization. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2011;4(2):188-94. doi:10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.110.959262  PMID:21386090 
  26. Transcatheter closures of a postinfarction ventricular septal defect and late ventricular pseudoaneurysm. J Invasive Cardiol. 2010;22(7):E132-7. PMID:20603516 
  27. Adverse Event Rates in Congenital Cardiac Catheterization - A Multi-Center Experience. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2010;3:389. 
  28. Propranolol treatment for hemangioma of infancy: risks and recommendations. Pediatric Dermatology . 2010;3:319. 
  29. Hypoplastic left heart associated with scimitar syndrome. Pediatr Cardiol. 2009;30(7):1037-8. doi:10.1007/s00246-009-9479-1  PMID:19495846 
  30. Multiple coronary artery fistulae treated with a single amplatzer vascular plug: Check the back door when the front is locked. Cathet Cardiovasc Interv . 2009;73(3):390. 
  31. Biventricular assist devices as a bridge to heart transplantation in small children. Circulation. 2008;118(14 Suppl):S89-93. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.754002  PMID:18824776 
  32. Percutaneous closure of a complex post-traumatic VSD Cath Cardiovasc Interv. 2008;72(1):408. 
  33. Beyond Berlin: heart transplantation in the "untransplantable". J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008;136(2):529-31. doi:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2008.01.032  PMID:18692672 
  34. Endovascular stent placement for RV to PA conduit stenosis in the norwood with sano modification. Congenit Heart Dis. 2008;3:185. 
  35. Electrocardiographic diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in children: is a diagnostic electrocardiogram always diagnostic? Pediatrics. 2007;120(2):440-4. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-0170  PMID:17671071 
  36. Surveillance for transplant coronary artery disease in infant, child and adolescent heart transplant recipients: an intravascular ultrasound study. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2006;25(8):921-7. doi:10.1016/j.healun.2006.03.022  PMID:16890112 
  37. Transcatheter closure of perimembraneous ventricular septal defects using the new amplatzer membraneous VSD occluder: Results of the U.S. phase I trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006;47:319. 
  38. Transcatheter closure of large secundum atrial septal defects using the 40 mm Amplatzer septal occluder: results of an international registry. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2005;66(4):580. 
  39. Transcatheter repair of recurrent postinfarct ventricular septal defects. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;80(5):1907-9. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2004.06.006  PMID:16242481 
  40. Relation of age, severity of illness, and hemodynamics with brain natriuretic peptide levels in patients <20 years of age with heart disease. Am J Cardiol. 2005;96(6):847-50. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.05.034  PMID:16169375 
  41. Left main stem coronary artery stenting in a 3-month-old child after anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery repair. Ped Cardiol.. 2005;26(5):734. 
  42. Transcatheter occlusion of a large pulmonary avm using the amplatzer vascular plug. Pediatric Cardiology. 2004;26(5):683. 
  43. Device closure of muscular ventricular septal defects using the amplatzer muscular VSD occluder: immediate and mid-term results of a US registry. J Am Coll Cardiol . 2004;43:1257. 
  44. Transcatheter closure of post infarction ventricular septal defects using the new amplatzer muscular VSD occluder: results of a US registry. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2004;61:196. 
  45. Novel use of the Amplatzer duct occluder to close perivalvar leak involving a prosthetic mitral valve. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2004;61(4):548-51. doi:10.1002/ccd.10785  PMID:15065155 
  46. Transcatheter occlusion of baffle leaks following atrial switch procedures for transposition of the great vessels (d-TGV). Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2004;61(2):259-63. doi:10.1002/ccd.10740  PMID:14755824 
  47. Radiofrequency perforation in the treatment of acquired left pulmonary artery atresia following repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2003;60(1):79-81. doi:10.1002/ccd.10605  PMID:12929107 
  48. Transcatheter closure of recurrent postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal defects utilizing the Amplatzer postinfarction VSD device: a case series. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2003;59(2):238-43. doi:10.1002/ccd.10510  PMID:12772250 
  49. Inhaled Nitric Oxide as a Preoperative Test (INOP Test I): the INOP Test Study Group. Circulation. 2002;106(12 Suppl 1):I76-81. PMID:12354713 
  50. Cardiac transplantation for pediatric restrictive cardiomyopathy: presentation, evaluation, and short-term outcome. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2002;21(4):455-9. PMID:11927222 
  51. Lung transplantation for pulmonary vascular disease. Ann Thorac Surg. 2002;73(1):209-17; discussion 217-9. PMID:11834012 
  52. Outcome after diagnosis of moderate-severe transplant coronary artery disease (TCAD) in pediatric heart transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2001;20(2):261. 
  53. Repair of anomalous left main coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery in infants-long term impact on the mitral valve. Ann Thor Surg 2001;71:1985-1989 Ann Thor Surg. 2001;71:1985. 
  54. Resolution of right heart enlargement after closure of secundum ASD with transcatheter technique. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001;38(5):1528. 
  55. Long-term prostacyclin infusion to reduce pulmonary hypertension in a pediatric cardiac transplant candidate prior to transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2001;20:785. 
  56. Echocardiographic predictors of left-to-right shunt in atrial septal defects. J Amer Soc Echo. 2000;13:1038. 
  57. Transplant coronary disease in pediatric heart transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2000;19:240. 
  58. Increased morbidity and high variability of cyclosporine levels in pediatric heart transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2000;19:337. 
  59. Selective coronary angiography in pediatric patients Pediatr Cardiol. 2000;8(3):285. 
  60. Rejection with heart failure after pediatric cardiac transplantation. Ann Thor Surg . 1999;68:176. 
  61. Patterns and potential value of cardiac troponin I elevations after pediatric cardiac operations. Ann Thor Surg. 1998;65:1394. 
  62. Lung retransplantation in children. Ann Thor Surg. 1998;66(1):199. 
  63. Pediatric lung transplantation at St. Louis Children's Hospital Am J Resp Crit Care Med. 1997;155(3):1027. 
  64. Transhepatic venous access for diagnostic and interventional cardiovascular procedures. JVIR. 1996;7:579. 
  65. Utility of surveillance biopsies in infant heart transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1995;14:1095. 
  66. Pediatric endomyocardial biopsy performed solely with echocardiographic guidance. J Am Soc Echocardiog. 1993;6(5):510. 
  67. Endarteritis associated with a clinically silent patent ductus arteriosus. Am Heart J. 1993;125:1192. 
Last updated: 04/24/2017
Wash U School of Medicine
Children's Hospital St. Louis
Children's Discovery Institute
© 2017 by Washington University in St. Louis
One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130