Todd Druley, M.D., Ph.D.  druley_t@kids.wustl.edu

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Genetics
Developmental BiologyGeneticsHematology and Oncology

phone: (314) 454-6018

Clinical Interests

Dr. Druley is interested in the mechanisms of abnormal childhood development that cause a predisposition to childhood cancer. From this interest, he is the co-director of the Pediatric Cancer Predisposition Program (http://www.stlouischildrens.org/our-services/cancer-predisposition-program), which is a multi-disciplinary effort to provide longitudinal surveillance or treatment to children with an increased risk of cancer and study how abnormal development leads to pediatric cancer.

Education

  • Ph.D., University of Illinois2002
  • M.D., University of Illinois2002
  • B.S., Departmental Distinction for Research, University of Illinois1994

Training

  • Resident, Washington University2002 - 2005
  • Clinical Fellow in Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Washington University2005 - 2008

Licensure and Board Certification

  • American Board of Pediatrics - General Pediatrics2006
  • MO, 2008
  • American Board of Pediatrics - Pediatric Hematology and Oncology2013

Honors

  • Children Of Vietnam Veterans Merit Scholarship1990 - 1994
  • Research Distinction in Cell and Structural Biology, University of Illinois1994
  • Outstanding Fellow Teaching Award2006
  • Alex's Lemonade Stand "A" Award2009 - 2013
  • Scholar of the NIH Child Health Resource Center in Developmental Biology2009 - Pres
  • Children's Discovery Institute Faculty Scholar2010 - Pres
  • Mark Johnston Scholar in Genomic Science2010 - Pres
  • Hyundai Hope Award Recipient2011 - 2013
  • Doris Duke Clinical Scientist Development Award2014 - 2017
  • Best Poster at 2016 International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) Annual Meeting (Dublin, Ireland)2016

Recent Publications view all (33)


  1. Young, A.L., Challen, G.A., Birmann, B.M., Druley, T.E.. Clonal hematopoiesis harboring AML-associated mutations is ubiquitous in healthy adults. Nat Commun. 2016;7:12484. doi:10.1038/ncomms12484  PMID:27546487  
  2. Druley, T.E.. The relative contributions of germline variation, epimutation, and somatic mutation to paediatric leukemia predisposition. EMJ Hematol. 2016;4(1):110-116. 
  3. Druley TE, Wang L, Lin SJ, Lee JH, Zhang Q, Daw EW, Abel HJ, Chasnoff SE, Ramos EI, Levinson BT, Thyagarajan B, Newman AB, Christensen K, Mayeux R, Province MA. Candidate gene resequencing to identify rare, pedigree-specific variants influencing healthy aging phenotypes in the long life family study. BMC Geriatr. 2016;16(1):80. doi:10.1186/s12877-016-0253-y  PMID:27060904  
  4. Torgerson DG, Giri T, Druley TE, Zheng J, Huntsman S, Seibold MA, Young AL, Schweiger T, Yin-Declue H, Sajol GD, Schechtman KB, Hernandez RD, Randolph AG, Bacharier LB, Castro M. Pooled Sequencing of Candidate Genes Implicates Rare Variants in the Development of Asthma Following Severe RSV Bronchiolitis in Infancy. PLoS One. 2015;10(11):e0142649. PMCID:PMC4654486  PMID:26587832  
  5. Hing B, Ramos E, Braun P, McKane M, Jancic D, Tamashiro KL, Lee RS, Michaelson JJ, Druley TE, Potash JB. Adaptation of the targeted capture Methyl-Seq platform for the mouse genome identifies novel tissue-specific DNA methylation patterns of genes involved in neurodevelopment. Epigenetics. 2015;10(7):581-96. doi:10.1080/15592294.2015.1045179.  PMCID:PMC4622595  PMID:25985232  
  6. Madden LM, Ngwube AI, Shenoy S, Druley TE, Hayashi RJ. Late toxicity of a novel allogeneic stem cell transplant using single fraction total body irradiation for hematologic malignancies in children. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2015;37(2):e94-e101. doi:10.1097/MPH.0000000000000272  PMCID:PMC4337424  PMID:25333837  
  7. Wong TN, Ramsingh G, Young AL, Miller CA, Touma W, Welch JS, Lamprecht TL, Shen D, Hundal J, Fulton RS, Heath S, Baty JD, Klco JM, Ding L, Mardis ER, Westervelt P, DiPersio JF, Walter MJ, Graubert TA, Ley TJ, Druley TE, Link DC, Wilson RK. Role of TP53 mutations in the origin and evolution of therapy-related acute myeloid leukaemia. Nature. 2015;518(7540):552-5. doi:10.1038/nature13968  PMCID:PMC4403236  PMID:25487151  
  8. Young AL, Wong TN, Hughes AE, Heath SE, Ley TJ, Link DC, Druley TE. Quantifying ultra-rare pre-leukemic clones via targeted error-corrected sequencing. Leukemia. 2015. doi:10.1038/leu.2015.17  PMID:25644247  
  9. Warrington NM, Sun T, Luo J, McKinstry RC, Parkin PC, Ganzhorn S, Spoljaric D, Albers AC, Merkelson A, Stewart DR, Stevenson DA, Viskochil D, Druley TE, Forys JT, Reilly KM, Fisher MJ, Tabori U, Allen JC, Schiffman JD, Gutmann DH, Rubin JB. The cyclic AMP pathway is a sex-specific modifier of glioma risk in type I neurofibromatosis patients. Cancer Res. 2015;75(1):16-21. doi:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-14-1891  PMCID:PMC4286430  PMID:25381154  
  10. Wambach JA, Wegner DJ, Heins HB, Druley TE, Mitra RD, Hamvas A, Cole FS. Synonymous ABCA3 variants do not increase risk for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. J Pediatr. 2014;164(6):1316-21.e3. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.02.021  PMCID:PMC4035386  PMID:24657120  
  11. Valentine MC, Linabery AM, Chasnoff S, Hughes AE, Mallaney C, Sanchez N, Giacalone J, Heerema NA, Hilden JM, Spector LG, Ross JA, Druley TE. Excess congenital non-synonymous variation in leukemia-associated genes in MLL- infant leukemia: a Children's Oncology Group report. Leukemia. 2014;28(6):1235-41. doi:10.1038/leu.2013.367  PMCID:PMC4045651  PMID:24301523  
  12. Ramos EI, Bien-Willner GA, Li J, Hughes AE, Giacalone J, Chasnoff S, Kulkarni S, Parmacek M, Cole FS, Druley TE. Genetic variation in MKL2 and decreased downstream PCTAIRE1 expression in extreme, fatal primary human microcephaly. Clin Genet. 2014;85(5):423-32. doi:10.1111/cge.12197  PMCID:PMC3929543  PMID:23692340  
  13. Alvarado DM, Yang P, Druley TE, Lovett M, Gurnett CA. Multiplexed direct genomic selection (MDiGS): a pooled BAC capture approach for highly accurate CNV and SNP/INDEL detection. Nucleic Acids Res. 2014;42(10):e82. doi:10.1093/nar/gku218  PMCID:PMC4041413  PMID:24682816  
  14. Kanchi KL, Johnson KJ, Lu C, McLellan MD, Leiserson MD, Wendl MC, Zhang Q, Koboldt DC, Xie M, Kandoth C, McMichael JF, Wyczalkowski MA, Larson DE, Schmidt HK, Miller CA, Fulton RS, Spellman PT, Mardis ER, Druley TE, Graubert TA, Goodfellow PJ, Raphael BJ, Wilson RK, Ding L. Integrated analysis of germline and somatic variants in ovarian cancer. Nat Commun. 2014;5:3156. doi:10.1038/ncomms4156  PMCID:PMC4025965  PMID:24448499  
  15. Lee JH, Cheng R, Honig LS, Feitosa M, Kammerer CM, Kang MS, Schupf N, Lin SJ, Sanders JL, Bae H, Druley T, Perls T, Christensen K, Province M, Mayeux R. Genome wide association and linkage analyses identified three loci-4q25, 17q23.2, and 10q11.21-associated with variation in leukocyte telomere length: the Long Life Family Study. Front Genet. 2013;4:310. doi:10.3389/fgene.2013.00310  PMCID:PMC3894567  PMID:24478790  
  16. Druley TE. Commentary. Clin Chem. 2013;59(1):50-1. PMID:23284014  
  17. Ramos E, Levinson BT, Chasnoff S, Hughes A, Young AL, Thornton K, Li A, Vallania FL, Province M, Druley TE. Population-based rare variant detection via pooled exome or custom hybridization capture with or without individual indexing. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:683. doi:10.1186/1471-2164-13-683  PMCID:PMC3534616  PMID:23216810  
  18. Wambach JA, Wegner DJ, Depass K, Heins H, Druley TE, Mitra RD, An P, Zhang Q, Nogee LM, Cole FS, Hamvas A. Single ABCA3 mutations increase risk for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. Pediatrics. 2012;130(6):e1575-82. doi:10.1542/peds.2012-0918  PMCID:PMC3507255  PMID:23166334  
  19. Chatterjee R, Ramos E, Hoffman M, VanWinkle J, Martin DR, Davis TK, Hoshi M, Hmiel SP, Beck A, Hruska K, Coplen D, Liapis H, Mitra R, Druley T, Austin P, Jain S. Traditional and targeted exome sequencing reveals common, rare and novel functional deleterious variants in RET-signaling complex in a cohort of living US patients with urinary tract malformations. Hum Genet. 2012;131(11):1725-38. doi:10.1007/s00439-012-1181-3  PMCID:PMC3551468  PMID:22729463  
  20. Horani A, Druley TE, Zariwala MA, Patel AC, Levinson BT, Van Arendonk LG, Thornton KC, Giacalone JC, Albee AJ, Wilson KS, Turner EH, Nickerson DA, Shendure J, Bayly PV, Leigh MW, Knowles MR, Brody SL, Dutcher SK, Ferkol TW. Whole-exome capture and sequencing identifies HEATR2 mutation as a cause of primary ciliary dyskinesia. Am J Hum Genet. 2012;91(4):685-93. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.08.022  PMCID:PMC3484505  PMID:23040496  
  21. Vallania F, Ramos E, Cresci S, Mitra RD, Druley TE. Detection of rare genomic variants from pooled sequencing using SPLINTER. J Vis Exp. 2012;(64). doi:10.3791/3943  PMCID:PMC3471313  PMID:22760212  
  22. Haller G, Druley T, Vallania FL, Mitra RD, Li P, Akk G, Steinbach JH, Breslau N, Johnson E, Hatsukami D, Stitzel J, Bierut LJ, Goate AM. Rare missense variants in CHRNB4 are associated with reduced risk of nicotine dependence. Hum Mol Genet. 2012;21(3):647-55. doi:10.1093/hmg/ddr498  PMCID:PMC3259016  PMID:22042774  
  23. Vallania FL, Druley TE, Ramos E, Wang J, Borecki I, Province M, Mitra RD. High-throughput discovery of rare insertions and deletions in large cohorts. Genome Res. 2010;20(12):1711-8. doi:10.1101/gr.109157.110  PMCID:PMC2989997  PMID:21041413  
  24. Ziga ED, Druley T, Burnham CA. Herbaspirillum species bacteremia in a pediatric oncology patient. J Clin Microbiol. 2010;48(11):4320-1. doi:10.1128/JCM.01479-10  PMCID:PMC3020882  PMID:20739483  
  25. Gurnett CA, Desruisseau DM, McCall K, Choi R, Meyer ZI, Talerico M, Miller SE, Ju JS, Pestronk A, Connolly AM, Druley TE, Weihl CC, Dobbs MB. Myosin binding protein C1: a novel gene for autosomal dominant distal arthrogryposis type 1. Hum Mol Genet. 2010;19(7):1165-73. doi:10.1093/hmg/ddp587  PMCID:PMC2838534  PMID:20045868  
  26. Matkovich SJ, Van Booven DJ, Hindes A, Kang MY, Druley TE, Vallania FL, Mitra RD, Reilly MP, Cappola TP, Dorn GW 2nd. Cardiac signaling genes exhibit unexpected sequence diversity in sporadic cardiomyopathy, revealing HSPB7 polymorphisms associated with disease. J Clin Invest. 2010;120(1):280-9. doi:10.1172/JCI39085  PMCID:PMC2798680  PMID:20038796  
  27. Schuettpelz LG, Behrens D, Goldsmith MI, Druley TE. Severe ceftriaxone-induced hemolysis complicated by diffuse cerebral ischemia in a child with sickle cell disease. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2009;31(11):870-2. doi:10.1097/MPH.0b013e3181b7eda2  PMID:19829151  
  28. Druley TE, Vallania FL, Wegner DJ, Varley KE, Knowles OL, Bonds JA, Robison SW, Doniger SW, Hamvas A, Cole FS, Fay JC, Mitra RD. Quantification of rare allelic variants from pooled genomic DNA. Nat Methods. 2009;6(4):263-5. doi:10.1038/nmeth.1307  PMCID:PMC2776647  PMID:19252504  
  29. Druley TE, Hayashi R, Mansur DB, Zhang QJ, Barnes Y, Trinkaus K, Witty S, Thomas T, Klein EE, DiPersio JF, Adkins D, Shenoy S. Early outcomes after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancies following single fraction TBI. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2009;43(4):307-14. doi:10.1038/bmt.2008.327  PMCID:PMC2792985  PMID:19011666  
  30. Litman T, Druley TE, Stein WD, Bates SE. From MDR to MXR: new understanding of multidrug resistance systems, their properties and clinical significance. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2001;58(7):931-59. doi:10.1007/PL00000912  PMID:11497241  
  31. Druley TE, Stein WD, Roninson IB. Analysis of MDR1 P-glycoprotein conformational changes in permeabilized cells using differential immunoreactivity. Biochemistry. 2001;40(14):4312-22. PMID:11284687  
  32. Druley TE, Stein WD, Ruth A, Roninson IB. P-glycoprotein-mediated colchicine resistance in different cell lines correlates with the effects of colchicine on P-glycoprotein conformation. Biochemistry. 2001;40(14):4323-31. PMID:11284688  
  33. Mechetner EB, Schott B, Morse BS, Stein WD, Druley T, Davis KA, Tsuruo T, Roninson IB. P-glycoprotein function involves conformational transitions detectable by differential immunoreactivity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997;94(24):12908-13. PMCID:PMC24237  PMID:9371774  
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