Michele M. Estabrook, M.D.  estrabrook_m@kids.wustl.edu

Professor of Pediatrics, Infectious Diseases
Infectious Diseases

phone: (314) 454-6050

Clinical Interests

Dr. Estabrook came to Washington University from UCSF, where her research focused on lipooligosaccharides of Neisseria meningitidis as candidate vaccine antigens. Since joining us in 2008, she has directed pediatric education for the third- and fourth-year Washington University medical students. Her clinical interests include pediatric HIV and infections in patients with stem-cell and solid-organ transplants.


  • B.A., Cum laude, Bates College1976
  • M.A., Standford University1979
  • M.D., Case Western Reserve University1983


  • Intern, Case Western Reserve University1983 - 1984
  • Resident, Case Western Reserve University1984 - 1986
  • Fellow, University of California San Francisco1986 - 1989
  • Visiting Fellow, Baylor College of Medicine1989

Licensure and Board Certification

  • FLEX1985
  • CA, Physician and Sugeon1986
  • American Board of Pediatrics, #368311988
  • OH, Physician and Surgeon1994
  • Pediatric Infectious Diseases, #549, 2005, 2014 recertification1997
  • ORACLE: Clinical Research Workshop, UCSF Post-graduate program 1999
  • ORACLE: Systematic Reviews and Medical Decision-making Workshop, UCSF Post-graduate program1999
  • Advanced Training in Clinical Research (ATCR), UCSF Post-graduate program (September 1999 – April 2000).1999
  • MO, Physician and Surgeon2008
  • UCLA 13th Annual Pediatrics Board Review Course2008


  • 2013 ISHLT Leach-Abramson-Imhoff Links Travel Award Writer of the Year2013

Recent Publications view all (19)

Publication Co-Authors

  1. Manuel O, Estabrook M, AST Infectious Diseases Community of Practice. RNA respiratory viruses in solid organ transplantation. Am J Transplant. 2013;13 Suppl 4:212-9. doi:10.1111/ajt.12113  PMID:23465014  
  2. Cheng H, Yang Z, Estabrook MM, John CM, Jarvis GA, McLaughlin S, Griffiss JM. Human lipooligosaccharide IGG that prevents endemic meningococcal disease recognizes an internal lacto-N-neotetraose structure. J Biol Chem. 2011;286(51):43622-33. doi:10.1074/jbc.M111.291583  PMCID:PMC3243514  PMID:22027827  
  3. Watson ME Jr, Estabrook MM, Burnham CA. Catheter-associated Nocardia higoensis bacteremia in a child with acute lymphocytic leukemia. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49(1):469-71. doi:10.1128/JCM.01816-10  PMCID:PMC3020442  PMID:21084509  
  4. Kumar D, Michaels MG, Morris MI, Green M, Avery RK, Liu C, Danziger-Isakov L, Stosor V, Estabrook M, Gantt S, Marr KA, Martin S, Silveira FP, Razonable RR, Allen UD, Levi ME, Lyon GM, Bell LE, Huprikar S, Patel G, Gregg KS, Pursell K, Helmersen D, Julian KG, Shiley K, Bono B, Dharnidharka VR, Alavi G, Kalpoe JS, Shoham S, Reid GE, Humar A, American Society of Transplantation H1N1 Collaborative Study Group. Outcomes from pandemic influenza A H1N1 infection in recipients of solid-organ transplants: a multicentre cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2010;10(8):521-6. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(10)70133-X  PMCID:PMC3045703  PMID:20620116  
  5. Ballock RT, Newton PO, Evans SJ, Estabrook M, Farnsworth CL, Bradley JS. A comparison of early versus late conversion from intravenous to oral therapy in the treatment of septic arthritis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009;29(6):636-42. doi:10.1097/BPO.0b013e3181b2b860  PMID:19700997  
  6. Estabrook MM, Jarvis GA, McLeod Griffiss J. Affinity-purified human immunoglobulin G that binds a lacto-N-neotetraose-dependent lipooligosaccharide structure is bactericidal for serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis. Infect Immun. 2007;75(2):1025-33. doi:10.1128/IAI.00882-06  PMCID:PMC1828497  PMID:17101655  
  7. Estabrook MM, Jack DL, Klein NJ, Jarvis GA. Mannose-binding lectin binds to two major outer membrane proteins, opacity protein and porin, of Neisseria meningitidis. J Immunol. 2004;172(6):3784-92. PMID:15004183  
  8. Rowen JL, Tate JM, Nordoff N, Passarell L, McGinnis MR. Candida isolates from neonates: frequency of misidentification and reduced fluconazole susceptibility. J Clin Microbiol. 1999;37(11):3735-7. PMCID:PMC85744  PMID:10523588  
  9. Rowen JL, Tate JM. Management of neonatal candidiasis. Neonatal Candidiasis Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1998;17(11):1007-11. PMCID:PMC3058476  PMID:9849983  
  10. Estabrook MM, Zhou D, Apicella MA. Nonopsonic phagocytosis of group C Neisseria meningitidis by human neutrophils. Infect Immun. 1998;66(3):1028-36. PMCID:PMC108012  PMID:9488392  
  11. Estabrook MM, Griffiss JM, Jarvis GA. Sialylation of Neisseria meningitidis lipooligosaccharide inhibits serum bactericidal activity by masking lacto-N-neotetraose. Infect Immun. 1997;65(11):4436-44. PMCID:PMC175638  PMID:9353017  
  12. Woods CR, Koeuth T, Estabrook MM, Lupski JR. Rapid determination of outbreak-related strains of Neisseria meningitidis by repetitive element-based polymerase chain reaction genotyping. J Infect Dis. 1996;174(4):760-7. PMID:8843214  
  13. Hamadeh RM, Estabrook MM, Zhou P, Jarvis GA, Griffiss JM. Anti-Gal binds to pili of Neisseria meningitidis: the immunoglobulin A isotype blocks complement-mediated killing. Infect Immun. 1995;63(12):4900-6. PMCID:PMC173702  PMID:7591153  
  14. Estabrook MM, Baker CJ, Griffiss JM. The immune response of children to meningococcal lipooligosaccharides during disseminated disease is directed primarily against two monoclonal antibody-defined epitopes. J Infect Dis. 1993;167(4):966-70. PMID:7680702  
  15. Patrick CC, Furuta GT, Edwards M, Estabrook M, Blake MS, Baker CJ. Variation in phenotypic expression of the Opa outer membrane protein and lipooligosaccharide of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C causing periorbital cellulitis and bacteremia. Clin Infect Dis. 1993;16(4):523-7. PMID:8513059  
  16. Estabrook MM, Christopher NC, Griffiss JM, Baker CJ, Mandrell RE. Sialylation and human neutrophil killing of group C Neisseria meningitidis. J Infect Dis. 1992;166(5):1079-88. PMID:1402019  
  17. Griffiss JM, Yamasaki R, Estabrook M, Kim JJ. Meningococcal molecular mimicry and the search for an ideal vaccine. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1991;85 Suppl 1:32-6. PMID:1725072  
  18. Estabrook MM, Mandrell RE, Apicella MA, Griffiss JM. Measurement of the human immune response to meningococcal lipooligosaccharide antigens by using serum to inhibit monoclonal antibody binding to purified lipooligosaccharide. Infect Immun. 1990;58(7):2204-13. PMCID:PMC258798  PMID:1694820  
  19. Hack M, Estabrook MM, Robertson SS. Development of sucking rhythm in preterm infants. Early Hum Dev. 1985;11(2):133-40. PMID:4029050  
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