Robert M. Kennedy, M.D.

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Professor of Pediatrics, Emergency Medicine
Emergency Medicine

phone: (314) 454-2341


  • BS, Georgia Institute of Technology1975
  • MD, Medical College of Georgia1980


  • Internship and Residency, St. Louis Children's Hospital1980 - 1983

Licensure and Board Certification

  • MO, Medical License, 1982 - Pres
  • Advanced Trauma Life Support, 1984 - Pres
  • AK, Medical License, 1984
  • American Board of Pediatrics, 1985 - Pres
  • Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (S.A.F.E.) - Provider, 1986 - Pres
  • Pediatric Advanced Life Support Provider / Instructor, 1988 - Pres
  • Advanced Burn Life Support, 1989
  • Advanced Trauma Life Support - Instructor, 1990 - Pres
  • American Board of Pediatrics, Subspecialty Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 1992 - Pres
  • NC, Medical License, 1992


  • Selected by Peers for Inclusion in the First Edition of the Best Doctors in America: Central Region1996 - 2018
  • Emergency Department Physician of the Year, Emergency Nurses Association, Greater St. Louis Chapter2000
  • Selected by Peers in Best Doctors in America2003 - 2016
  • St. Louis Children's Hospital High Five Award2014
  • Triple Crown Winner, Children's Direct2019

Recent Publications view all (17)

  1. Update on pharmacological management of procedural sedation for children. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2016;29 Suppl 1:S21-35. PMID:26926332 
  2. Rapid administration technique of ketamine for pediatric forearm fracture reduction: a dose-finding study. Ann Emerg Med. 2015;65(6):640-648.e2. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.12.011  PMID:25595951 
  3. Laryngospasm during emergency department ketamine sedation: a case-control study. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2010;26(11):798-802. doi:10.1097/PEC.0b013e3181fa8737  PMID:20944510 
  4. Anticholinergics and ketamine sedation in children: a secondary analysis of atropine versus glycopyrrolate. Acad Emerg Med. 2010;17(2):157-162. doi:10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00634.x  PMID:20370745 
  5. A randomized, crossover comparison of injected buffered lidocaine, lidocaine cream, and no analgesia for peripheral intravenous cannula insertion. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;54(2):214-220. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.12.025  PMID:19217695 
  6. Predictors of emesis and recovery agitation with emergency department ketamine sedation: an individual-patient data meta-analysis of 8,282 children. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;54(2):171-180.e1-4. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2009.04.004  PMID:19501426 
  7. Predictors of airway and respiratory adverse events with ketamine sedation in the emergency department: an individual-patient data meta-analysis of 8,282 children. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;54(2):158-168.e1-4. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.12.011  PMID:19201064 
  8. Consensus Panel on Sedation Research of Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC) and Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN). Consensus-Based Recommendations for Standardizing Terminology and Reporting Adverse Events for Emergency Department Procedural Sedation and Analgesia in Children 2008;53(4):426-435. PMID:19026467 
  9. Oxycodone versus codeine for triage pain in children with suspected forearm fracture: a randomized controlled trial. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2008;24(9):595-600. doi:10.1097/PEC.0b013e3181850ca3  PMID:18772726 
  10. A Randomized Comparison of Nitrous Oxide plus Hematoma Block versus Ketamine Plus Midazolam for Emergency Department Forearm Fracture Reduction in Children. 2006;118(4):1078-1086. PMID:16966390 
  11. A Comparison of Buffered Lidocaine Versus ELA-Max Before Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Insertions in Children 2004;113(3):217-220. PMID:14993579 
  12. Sedation for Peritonsillar Abscess Drainage in the Pediatric Emergency Department. 2002;18(1):1-3. PMID:11862127 
  13. A Randomized Clinical Trial of Continuous-Flow Nitrous Oxide and Midazolam for Sedation of Young Children During Laceration Repair. 2001;37(1):20-27. PMID:11145766 
  14. Continuous-Flow Delivery of Nitrous Oxide and Oxygen: A Safe and Cost-Effective Technique for Inhalation Analgesia and Sedation of Pediatric Patients. 1999;15(6):388-392. PMID:10608322 
  15. Comparison of Fentanyl/Midazolam with Ketamine/Midazolam for Pediatric Orthopedic Emergencies. 1998;102(4):956-963. PMID:9755272 
  16. Conscious Sedation for Pediatric Orthopaedic Emergencies. 1996;12(1):31-35. PMID:8677176 
  17. Febrile Infants at Low Risk for Serious Bacterial Infection--An Appraisal of the Rochester Criteria and Implications for Management. Febrile Infant Collaborative Study Group. 1994;94(3):390-396. PMID:8065869 
Last updated: 03/01/2019
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