Robert M. Kennedy, M.D.

Professor of Pediatrics, Emergency Medicine
Emergency Medicine

phone: (314) 454-2341


  • BS, Georgia Institute of Technology1975
  • MD, Medical College of Georgia1980


  • Internship and Residency, St. Louis Children's Hospital1980 - 1983

Licensure and Board Certification

  • MO, Medical License 1982
  • Advanced Trauma Life Support 1984
  • AK, Medical License 1984
  • American Board of Pediatrics 1985
  • Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (S.A.F.E.) - Provider 1986
  • Pediatric Advanced Life Support Provider / Instructor 1988
  • Advanced Burn Life Support 1989
  • Advanced Trauma Life Support - Instructor 1990
  • American Board of Pediatrics, Subspecialty Pediatric Emergency Medicine 1992
  • NC, Medical License 1992


  • Selected by Peers for Inclusion in the First Edition of the Best Doctors in America: Central Region1996 - 2000
  • Emergency Department Physician of the Year, Emergency Nurses Association, Greater St. Louis Chapter2000
  • Selected by Peers in Best Doctors in America2003 - Pres

Recent Publications view all (15)

Publication Co-Authors

  1. Update on pharmacological management of procedural sedation for children. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2016;29 Suppl 1:S21-35. PMID:26926332 
  2. Rapid administration technique of ketamine for pediatric forearm fracture reduction: a dose-finding study. Ann Emerg Med. 2015;65(6):640-648.e2. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.12.011  PMID:25595951 
  3. Clinical practice guideline for emergency department ketamine dissociative sedation: 2011 update. Ann Emerg Med. 2011;57(5):449-461. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2010.11.030  PMID:21256625 
  4. Nonpharmacologic Techniques for Distress Reduction During Emergency Medical Care: A Review Clin Ped Emerg Med. 2010;11(4):244-250. 
  5. Laryngospasm during emergency department ketamine sedation: a case-control study. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2010;26(11):798-802. doi:10.1097/PEC.0b013e3181fa8737  PMID:20944510 
  6. Anticholinergics and ketamine sedation in children: a secondary analysis of atropine versus glycopyrrolate. Acad Emerg Med. 2010;17(2):157-162. doi:10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00634.x  PMID:20370745 
  7. A randomized, crossover comparison of injected buffered lidocaine, lidocaine cream, and no analgesia for peripheral intravenous cannula insertion. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;54(2):214-220. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.12.025  PMID:19217695 
  8. Predictors of emesis and recovery agitation with emergency department ketamine sedation: an individual-patient data meta-analysis of 8,282 children. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;54(2):171-180.e1-4. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2009.04.004  PMID:19501426 
  9. Predictors of airway and respiratory adverse events with ketamine sedation in the emergency department: an individual-patient data meta-analysis of 8,282 children. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;54(2):158-168.e1-4. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.12.011  PMID:19201064 
  10. Consensus-based recommendations for standardizing terminology and reporting adverse events for emergency department procedural sedation and analgesia in children. Ann Emerg Med. 2009;53(4):426-435.e4. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.09.030  PMID:19026467 
  11. On the front lines: lessons learned in implementing multidisciplinary peripheral venous access pain-management programs in pediatric hospitals. Pediatrics. 2008;122 Suppl 3:S161-170. doi:10.1542/peds.2008-1055i  PMID:18978010 
  12. Clinical implications of unmanaged needle-insertion pain and distress in children. Pediatrics. 2008;122 Suppl 3:S130-3. doi:10.1542/peds.2008-1055e  PMID:18978006 
  13. Oxycodone versus codeine for triage pain in children with suspected forearm fracture: a randomized controlled trial. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2008;24(9):595-600. doi:10.1097/PEC.0b013e3181850ca3  PMID:18772726 
  14. Clinical policy: critical issues in the sedation of pediatric patients in the emergency department. J Emerg Nurs. 2008;34(3):e33-107. doi:10.1016/j.jen.2008.04.018  PMID:18558240 
  15. Pediatric Sedation Pearls Clin Pediatr Emerg Med. 2007;8(4):268-278. 
Last updated: 10/13/2017
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