Steve M. Liao, M.D., MSCI

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Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine
Chief of Pediatrics, Missouri Baptist Medical Center
Associate Medical Director, Missouri Baptist Medical Center NICU
Researcher, Patient Oriented Research Unit
Newborn Medicine

phone: (314) 454-6148


  • BS, Suma Cum Laude, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)1999
  • MD, Saint Louis University School of Medicine2003
  • MSCI, Washington University2012


  • Pediatric Residency, Saint Louis University School of Medicine - Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center2003 - 2006
  • Fellowship, Washington University School of Medicine - St. Louis Children's Hospital2006 - 2009

Licensure and Board Certification

  • Neonatal Resuscitation Program, 2006 - Pres
  • MO, 2008 - Pres
  • Certified in General Pediatrics, 2009
  • Certified in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, 2012


  • Arthur E. McElfresh Memorial Award - outstanding achievement in the study of Pediatrics2003
  • Resident QA/QI research project - first place award2006
  • Midwest SPR Travel Grant2008
  • PAS Young Investigator's Travel Award2009
  • Department of Pediatrics Educational Loan Rebate Program Award2009 - 2010
  • Post-doctoral Career Development Program Award (K30)2009 - 2011
  • NICHD Loan Repayment Program Award & Renewal2010 - 2014
  • Washington University Career Development Award (KL2)2011 - 2013
  • Scholar Abstract Award, Translational Science Conference, Washington, DC2012

Recent Publications view all (19)

Publication Co-Authors

  1. Re-examining the arterial cord blood gas pH screening criteria in neonatal encephalopathy Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018;103(4):F377-F382. PMID:28942435 
  2. Term-equivalent functional brain maturation measures predict neurodevelopmental outcomes in premature infants Early Hum Dev. 2018;119:68-72. PMID:29579560 
  3. Gestational age-dependent relationship between cerebral oxygen extraction and blood pressure. Pediatr Res. 2017;82(6):934-939. PMID:28902182 
  4. Impact of brain injury on functional measures of amplitude-integrated EEG at term equivalent age in premature infants J Perinatol. 2017;37(8):947-952. PMID:28492522 
  5. A validated clinical MRI injury scoring system in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy Pediatr Radiol. 2017. PMID:28623417  
  6. Safety and Short-Term Outcomes of Therapeutic Hypothermia in Preterm Neonates 34-35 Weeks Gestational Age with Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy J Pediatr. 2017;183:37-42. PMID:27979578 
  7. Early hyperoxia burden detected by cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy is superior to pulse oximetry for prediction of severe retinopathy of prematurity. J Perinatol. 2016. PMID:27559717 
  8. Response to dopamine in prematurity: a biomarker for brain injury? J Perinatol. 2016;36(6):453-8. PMCID:PMC4882223  PMID:26890555 
  9. Defining the nature and implications of head turn preference in the preterm infant Early Hum Dev. 2016;96:53-60. PMID:27064959 
  10. A novel method for assessing cerebral autoregulation in preterm infants using transfer function analysis. Pediatr Res. 2016;79(3):453-9. PMCID:PMC4821724  PMID:26571222 
  11. Head Position Change Is Not Associated with Acute Changes in Bilateral Cerebral Oxygenation in Stable Preterm Infants during the First 3 Days of Life. Am J Perinatol. 2015;32(7):645-52. doi:10.1055/s-0034-1390348  PMID:25282608 
  12. Functional Imaging of the Developing Brain at the Bedside Using Diffuse Optical Tomography. Cereb Cortex. 2015. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhu320  PMID:25595183 
  13. Cerebral maturation on amplitude-integrated electroencephalography and perinatal exposures in preterm infants. Acta Paediatr. 2014;103(3):e96-e100. doi:10.1111/apa.12485  PMCID:PMC3945948  PMID:24354724 
  14. Near infrared optical technologies to illuminate the status of the neonatal brain. Curr Pediatr Rev. 2014;10(1):73-86. PMID:25055866 
  15. High-density diffuse optical tomography of term infant visual cortex in the nursery J Biomed Optics . 2012. 
  16. High-density diffuse optical tomography of term infant visual cortex in the nursery. J Biomed Opt. 2012;17(8):081414. PMCID:PMC3391961  PMID:23224175 
  17. Bedside optical imaging of occipital resting-state functional connectivity in neonates. Neuroimage. 2012;59(3):2529-38. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.08.094  PMCID:PMC3598616  PMID:21925609 
  18. Elucidating the neonatal hemodynamic response to brain activity: A high-density NIRS study J Biomed Optics. 2010;15(2):026010-1-9. 
  19. Neonatal hemodynamic response to visual cortex activity: high-density near-infrared spectroscopy study. J Biomed Opt. 2010;15(2):026010. PMCID:PMC2874048  PMID:20459255 
Last updated: 03/29/2019
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