Neil H. White, M.D.

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Professor of Medicine
Endocrinology and Diabetes

phone: (314) 454-6051

Clinical Interests

Over the last 35 years, Dr. White's clinical and research interests have focused on diabetes mellitus. This includes clinical and translational research related to diabetes mellitus, both type 1 and type 2, in children and adolescents. Much of his research has been through active participation in multicenter NIH-supported clinical trials including DCCT/EDIC, DPP/DPPOS, TODAY, DirecNet, TRIGR and TrialNet. In addition to serving as local PI for these trials, he has national leadership roles in DirecNet and TODAY. Throughout his career, he has had an ongoing interest in: 1) methods of intensive therapy in type 1 diabetes; 2) the risks associated with hypoglycemia in diabetic subjects, including effects on brain structure and function; 3) studies of diabetes prevention; and 4) psychosocial interventions in teenagers with diabetes. Dr. White has also had a longstanding interest in the diagnosis and management of hypoglycemia in infants and children, including hyperinsulinism and glycogen storage disease.


  • BS, State University of New York at Albany1971
  • MD, Albert Einstein College of Medicine1975


  • Internship and Residency in Pediatrics, Washington University1975 - 1977
  • Fellowship in Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Washington Univeristy1977 - 1979

Licensure and Board Certification

  • 1976 - PresNational Board of Medical Examiners
  • 1979 - 2020MO
  • 1981 - PresAmerican Board of Pediatrics
  • 1983 - PresPediatric Endocrinology
  • 1992 - 2012Certified Diabetes Educator
  • 1992 - 2012Certified Diabetes Educator

Honors and Awards

  • Signum Laudis, Honorary Scholastic Society, SUNY at Albany1971
  • Award for Meritorious Service, American Diabetes Association, Michigan1991
  • Listed in "Best Doctors in America"1994
  • Award for Outstanding Service, American Diabetes Association1997
  • Award for Outstanding Service, American Diabetes Association1998
  • Outstanding Contribution to Camping and Diabetes, American Diabetes Association1998
  • Award for Outstanding Service, American Diabetes Association1999
  • Life Member, National Registry of Who's Who1999
  • Best Doctors in St. Louis, Pediatric Endocrinology, St. Louis Magazine2000 - Pres
  • Listed America's Top Doctors, 3rd Edition2003
  • Listed in Who's Who in America, 57th Edition2003
  • Listed America's Top Doctors, 4th edition2004
  • Listed in Castle Connolly Top Doctor Guides2004
  • Best Doctors in St. Louis, Pediatric Endocrinology, St. Louis Magazine2005 - Pres
  • Listed America's Top Doctors, 5th Edition2005
  • Who's Who in Medicine and Healthcare, 6th edition2006
  • America’s Top Doctors, Castle Connolly Medical, LTD2010 - Pres
  • Global Directory of Who’s Who (Top Doctors)2010 - Pres

Recent Publications view all (186)

Publication Co-Authors

  1. Longitudinal progression of diabetes mellitus in Wolfram syndrome: The Washington University Wolfram Research Clinic experience. Pediatr Diabetes. 2022;23(2):212-218. PMCID:PMC8844189  PMID:34792267 
  2. Comparison of ETDRS 7-Field to 4-Widefield Digital Imaging in the Evaluation of Diabetic Retinopathy Severity. Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2022;11(1):13. PMCID:PMC8762689  PMID:35015059 
  3. Effect of Metformin and Lifestyle Interventions on Mortality in the Diabetes Prevention Program and Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study. Diabetes Care. 2021;44(12):2775-2782. PMCID:PMC8669534  PMID:34697033 
  4. A phase Ib/IIa clinical trial of dantrolene sodium in patients with Wolfram syndrome. JCI Insight. 2021;6(15). PMID:34185708 
  5. Long-Term Complications in Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2021;385(5):416-426. PMID:34320286 
  6. Utility of using electrocardiogram measures of heart rate variability as a measure of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy in type 1 diabetes patients. J Diabetes Investig. 2021. PMID:34309223 
  7. Serum urate and cardiovascular events in the DCCT/EDIC study. Sci Rep. 2021;11(1):14182. PMCID:PMC8271014  PMID:34244538 
  8. Implementation of School Diabetes Care in the United States: A Scoping Review. J Sch Nurs. 2021;10598405211026328. PMID:34184953 
  9. Impact of Type 1 Diabetes in the Developing Brain in Children: A Longitudinal Study. Diabetes Care. 2021. doi:10.2337/dc20-2125  PMID:33568403 
  10. Erratum. Risk of Severe Hypoglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes Over 30 Years of Follow-up in the DCCT/EDIC Study. Diabetes Care 2017;40:1010-1016. Diabetes Care. 2021;44(1):298. PMCID:PMC7783934  PMID:33158952 
  11. Postintervention Effects of Varying Treatment Arms on Glycemic Failure and β-Cell Function in the TODAY Trial. Diabetes Care. 2021;44(1):75-80. PMCID:PMC7783942  PMID:33290248 
  12. Efficacy and Safety of Inhaled Human Insulin (Exu hera®) Compared to Subcutaneous Insulin in Children Ages 6 to 11 Years with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Results of a 3-Month, Randomized, Parallel Trial. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2020;21(6):555-568. PMID:33600687 
  13. Brain Function Differences in Children With Type 1 Diabetes: An fMRI Study of Working Memory. Diabetes. 2020. PMID:32471809 
  14. Risk Factors for Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy and Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) Study. Diabetes. 2020;69(5):1000-1010. PMCID:PMC7171957  PMID:32051148 
  15. DNA methylation age calculators reveal association with diabetic neuropathy in type 1 diabetes. Clin Epigenetics. 2020;12(1):52. PMCID:PMC7132894  PMID:32248841 
  16. Interaction Between Type 2 Diabetes Prevention Strategies and Genetic Determinants of Coronary Artery Disease on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors. Diabetes. 2020;69(1):112-120. PMCID:PMC6925585  PMID:31636172 
  17. Metabolite Profiles of Incident Diabetes and Heterogeneity of Treatment Effect in the Diabetes Prevention Program. Diabetes. 2019;68(12):2337-2349. PMCID:PMC6868469  PMID:31582408 
  18. Heart Rate Variability and Cardiac Autonomic Dysfunction: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Relationship to Arterial Stiffness in the Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) Study. Diabetes Care. 2019. PMID:31501226 
  19. Changes in Visceral and Subcutaneous Fat in Youth With Type 2 Diabetes in the TODAY Study. Diabetes Care. 2019;42(8):1549-1559. PMID:31167889 
  20. Does diabetes prevention translate into reduced long-term vascular complications of diabetes? Diabetologia. 2019;62(8):1319-1328. PMID:31270584 
  21. Regression From Prediabetes to Normal Glucose Regulation and Prevalence of Microvascular Disease in the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study (DPPOS). Diabetes Care. 2019. PMID:31320445 
  22. Screening eye exams in youth with type 1 diabetes under 18 years of age: Once may be enough? Pediatr Diabetes. 2019. PMID:31206973 
  23. Long-term Effects of Metformin on Diabetes Prevention: Identification of Subgroups That Benefited Most in the Diabetes Prevention Program and Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study. Diabetes Care. 2019;42(4):601-608. PMCID:PMC6429636  PMID:30877090 
  24. Risk Factors for Kidney Disease in Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2019. PMID:30833370 
  25. Risk Factors for Retinopathy in Type 1 Diabetes: The DCCT/EDIC Study. Diabetes Care. 2019. PMID:30833368 
  26. Impact of Early Diabetic Ketoacidosis on the Developing Brain. Diabetes Care. 2019;42(3):443-449. PMCID:PMC6385695  PMID:30573652 
  27. The Shape of the Glucose Response Curve During an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test: Forerunner of Heightened Glycemic Failure Rates and Accelerated Decline in β-Cell Function in TODAY. Diabetes Care. 2019;42(1):164-172. PMCID:PMC6300703  PMID:30455329 
  28. Evaluation and Management of Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes: A Position Statement by the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2018;41(12):2648-2668. PMID:30425094 
  29. Posaconazole-induced hypertension and hypokalemia due to inhibition of the 11β-hydroxylase enzyme. Clin Kidney J. 2018;11(5):691-693. PMCID:PMC6165748  PMID:30289132 
  30. A Type 1 Diabetes Genetic Risk Score Predicts Progression of Islet Autoimmunity and Development of Type 1 Diabetes in Individuals at Risk. Diabetes Care. 2018;41(9):1887-1894. PMCID:PMC6105323  PMID:30002199 
  31. Monogenic diabetes in overweight and obese youth diagnosed with type 2 diabetes: the TODAY clinical trial Genet Med. 2018;(6):583-5990. doi:10.1038/gim.2017.150.  PMCID:5955780  PMID:29758564 
  32. Longitudinal assessment of hippocampus structure in children with type 1 diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes. 2018. PMID:29675980 
  33. Effect of Hydrolyzed Infant Formula vs Conventional Formula on Risk of Type 1 Diabetes: The TRIGR Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2018;319(1):38-48. PMID:29297078 
  34. Impact of Excessive Weight Gain on Cardiovascular Outcomes in Type 1 Diabetes: Results From the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) Study. Diabetes Care. 2017;40(12):1756-1762. PMCID:PMC5711332  PMID:29138273 
  35. Risk of Severe Hypoglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes Over 30 Years of Follow-up in the DCCT/EDIC Study. Diabetes Care. 2017;40(8):1010-1016. PMID:28550194 
  36. Frequency of Evidence-Based Screening for Retinopathy in Type 1 Diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2017;376(16):1507-1516. PMCID:PMC5557280  PMID:28423305 
  37. Compensatory Hyperconnectivity in Developing Brains of Young Children With Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes. 2017;66(3):754-762. PMCID:PMC5319714  PMID:27702833 
  38. Adiponectin, Insulin Sensitivity, β-Cell Function, and Racial/Ethnic Disparity in Treatment Failure Rates in TODAY. Diabetes Care. 2017;40(1):85-93. PMCID:PMC5180463  PMID:27803118 
  39. Cardiovascular Autonomic Neuropathy and Cardiovascular Outcomes in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) Study. Diabetes Care. 2017;40(1):94-100. PMCID:PMC5180458  PMID:27803120 
  40. Glycemic Control and Urinary Tract Infections in Women with Type 1 Diabetes: Results from the DCCT/EDIC. J Urol. 2016;196(4):1129-35. PMCID:PMC5025347  PMID:27131462 
  41. Severity of clinical presentation in youth with type 1 diabetes is associated with differences in brain structure. Pediatr Diabetes. 2016. PMID:27488913 
  42. Altered Integration of Structural Covariance Networks in Young Children With Type 1 Diabetes. Hum Brain Mapp. 2016. PMID:27339089 
  43. Epigenomic profiling reveals an association between persistence of DNA methylation and metabolic memory in the DCCT/EDIC type 1 diabetes cohort. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016;113(21):E3002-11. PMCID:PMC4890596  PMID:27162351 
  44. Long-term Metformin Use and Vitamin B12 Deficiency in the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016;101(4):1754-61. PMCID:PMC4880159  PMID:26900641 
  45. Longitudinal Evaluation of Cognitive Functioning in Young Children with Type 1 Diabetes over 18 Months. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2016;22(3):293-302. PMCID:PMC4856439  PMID:26786245 
  46. Neuroimaging evidence of deficient axon myelination in Wolfram syndrome. Sci Rep. 2016;6:21167. PMCID:PMC4758056  PMID:26888576 
  47. Variations in Brain Volume and Growth in Young Children With Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes. 2016;65(2):476-85. PMCID:PMC4747456  PMID:26512024 
  48. Pregnancy Outcomes in Youth With Type 2 Diabetes: The TODAY Study Experience. Diabetes Care. 2016;39(1):122-9. PMCID:PMC4686849  PMID:26628417 
  49. HbA1c After a Short Period of Monotherapy With Metformin Identifies Durable Glycemic Control Among Adolescents With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2015;38(12):2285-92. PMCID:PMC4657618  PMID:26537182 
  50. Caffeine Consumption Contributes to Skin Intrinsic Fluorescence in Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2015;17(10):726-34. PMCID:PMC4575521  PMID:26192006 
  51. Long-term Outcomes in Youths with Diabetes Mellitus. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2015;62(4):889-909. PMCID:PMC4662600  PMID:26210623 
  52. Re-evaluating "transitional neonatal hypoglycemia": mechanism and implications for management. J Pediatr. 2015;166(6):1520-1525.e1. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.02.045  PMID:25819173 
  53. Relationship between abuse and neglect in childhood and diabetes in adulthood: differential effects by sex, national longitudinal study of adolescent health. Prev Chronic Dis. 2015;12:E70. doi:10.5888/pcd12.140434  PMCID:PMC4436043  PMID:25950577 
  54. Recommendations from the Pediatric Endocrine Society for Evaluation and Management of Persistent Hypoglycemia in Neonates, Infants, and Children. J Pediatr. 2015. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.03.057  PMID:25957977 
  55. Longitudinal assessment of neuroanatomical and cognitive differences in young children with type 1 diabetes: association with hyperglycemia. Diabetes. 2015;64(5):1770-9. doi:10.2337/db14-1445  PMCID:PMC4407847  PMID:25488901 
  56. Intensive diabetes therapy and ocular surgery in type 1 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2015;372(18):1722-33. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1409463  PMCID:PMC4465212  PMID:25923552 
  57. Depressive symptoms, antidepressant medication use, and new onset of diabetes in participants of the diabetes prevention program and the diabetes prevention program outcomes study. Psychosom Med. 2015;77(3):303-10. doi:10.1097/PSY.0000000000000156  PMCID:PMC4397126  PMID:25775165 
  58. The effect of lifestyle intervention and metformin on preventing or delaying diabetes among women with and without gestational diabetes: the Diabetes Prevention Program outcomes study 10-year follow-up. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015;100(4):1646-53. doi:10.1210/jc.2014-3761  PMCID:PMC4399293  PMID:25706240 
  59. Remission of severe neonatal diabetes with very early sulfonylurea treatment. Diabetes Care. 2015;38(3):e38-9. doi:10.2337/dc14-2124  PMID:25715421 
  60. Presentation and effectiveness of early treatment of type 2 diabetes in youth: lessons from the TODAY study. Pediatr Diabetes. 2015. doi:10.1111/pedi.12264  PMID:25690268 
  61. Effect of intensive diabetes therapy on the progression of diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 1 diabetes: 18 years of follow-up in the DCCT/EDIC. Diabetes. 2015;64(2):631-42. doi:10.2337/db14-0930  PMCID:PMC4303965  PMID:25204977 
  62. Mother-daughter dyadic approach for starting preconception counseling at puberty in girls with diabetes. Res J Womens Health. 2014;1. PMCID:PMC4316737  PMID:25664183 
  63. Persistently high glucose levels in young children with type 1 diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes. 2014. doi:10.1111/pedi.12248  PMCID:PMC4465416  PMID:25496062 
  64. Ophthalmologic correlates of disease severity in children and adolescents with Wolfram syndrome. J AAPOS. 2014;18(5):461-465.e1. PMCID:PMC4476046  PMID:25439303 
  65. Skin and adhesive issues with continuous glucose monitors: a sticky situation. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2014;8(4):745-51. PMCID:PMC4764227  PMID:24876416 
  66. Evolution of abnormal plasma glucagon responses to mixed-meal feedings in youth with type 1 diabetes during the first 2 years after diagnosis. Diabetes Care. 2014;37(6):1741-4. doi:10.2337/dc13-2612  PMCID:PMC4030093  PMID:24696460 
  67. Circulating natriuretic peptide concentrations reflect changes in insulin sensitivity over time in the Diabetes Prevention Program. Diabetologia. 2014;57(5):935-9. PMCID:PMC4158711  PMID:24554005 
  68. Diabetes autoantibodies do not predict progression to diabetes in adults: the Diabetes Prevention Program. Diabet Med. 2014. doi:10.1111/dme.12437  PMID:24646311 
  69. Blunted glucagon but not epinephrine responses to hypoglycemia occurs in youth with less than 1 yr duration of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Pediatr Diabetes. 2014;15(2):127-34. doi:10.1111/pedi.12070  PMCID:PMC3858506  PMID:23992543 
  70. Alterations in white matter structure in young children with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2014;37(2):332-40. doi:10.2337/dc13-1388  PMCID:PMC3898758  PMID:24319123 
  71. Cognitive functioning in young children with type 1 diabetes. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2014;20(2):238-47. doi:10.1017/S1355617713001434  PMID:24512675 
  72. High success rates of sedation-free brain MRI scanning in young children using simple subject preparation protocols with and without a commercial mock scanner--the Diabetes Research in Children Network (DirecNet) experience. Pediatr Radiol. 2014;44(2):181-6. doi:10.1007/s00247-013-2798-7  PMCID:PMC3946760  PMID:24096802 
  73. Neuroanatomical correlates of dysglycemia in young children with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes. 2014;63(1):343-53. doi:10.2337/db13-0179  PMCID:PMC3868050  PMID:24170697 
  74. Long-term effects of the booster-enhanced READY-Girls preconception counseling program on intentions and behaviors for family planning in teens with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(12):3870-4. doi:10.2337/dc13-0355  PMCID:PMC3836127  PMID:24130343 
  75. Early response to preventive strategies in the Diabetes Prevention Program. J Gen Intern Med. 2013;28(12):1629-36. doi:10.1007/s11606-013-2548-4  PMCID:PMC3832727  PMID:23860722 
  76. Safety and tolerability of the treatment of youth-onset type 2 diabetes: the TODAY experience. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(6):1765-71. doi:10.2337/dc12-2390  PMCID:PMC3661822  PMID:23704676 
  77. Effects of metformin, metformin plus rosiglitazone, and metformin plus lifestyle on insulin sensitivity and β-cell function in TODAY. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(6):1749-57. doi:10.2337/dc12-2393  PMCID:PMC3661836  PMID:23704674 
  78. Extended 6-month follow-up of a randomized clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of real-time continuous glucose monitoring in the management of type 1 diabetes in young children aged 4 to <10 years. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(5):e63. doi:10.2337/dc12-2021  PMCID:PMC3631880  PMID:23613604 
  79. Phenotypic characteristics of early Wolfram syndrome. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2013;8:64. doi:10.1186/1750-1172-8-64  PMCID:PMC3651298  PMID:23981289 
  80. White matter microstructural integrity in youth with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes. 2013;62(2):581-9. doi:10.2337/db12-0696  PMCID:PMC3554385  PMID:23139349 
  81. Lack of association between residual insulin production and glucagon response to hypoglycemia in youth with short duration of type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2013. doi:10.2337/dc12-1697  PMID:23288858 
  82. The C allele of ATM rs11212617 does not associate with metformin response in the Diabetes Prevention Program. Diabetes Care. 2012;35(9):1864-7. doi:10.2337/dc11-2301  PMCID:PMC3425006  PMID:22751958 
  83. Determinants of glycemic control in youth with type 2 diabetes at randomization in the TODAY study. Pediatr Diabetes. 2012;13(5):376-83. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5448.2011.00841.x  PMCID:PMC3355206  PMID:22332798 
  84. Effect of regression from prediabetes to normal glucose regulation on long-term reduction in diabetes risk: results from the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study. Lancet. 2012;379(9833):2243-51. PMCID:PMC3555407  PMID:22683134 
  85. A clinical trial to maintain glycemic control in youth with type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med. 2012;366(24):2247-56. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1109333  PMCID:PMC3478667  PMID:22540912 
  86. Feasibility of prolonged continuous glucose monitoring in toddlers with type 1 diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes. 2012;13(4):301-7. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5448.2011.00837.x  PMID:22151826 
  87. Achievement of target A1C levels with negligible hypoglycemia and low glucose variability in youth with short-term type 1 diabetes and residual β-cell function. Diabetes Care. 2012;35(4):817-20. doi:10.2337/dc11-2190  PMCID:PMC3308298  PMID:22323414 
  88. A randomized clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of real-time continuous glucose monitoring in the management of type 1 diabetes in young children aged 4 to <10 years. Diabetes Care. 2012;35(2):204-10. doi:10.2337/dc11-1746  PMCID:PMC3263860  PMID:22210571 
  89. Prospectively determined impact of type 1 diabetes on brain volume during development. Diabetes. 2011;60(11):3006-14. doi:10.2337/db11-0589  PMCID:PMC3198062  PMID:21953611 
  90. Long-term renal outcomes of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria: an analysis of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications cohort. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(5):412-20. PMCID:PMC3085024  PMID:21403038 
  91. Case of hypercalcemia secondary to hypervitaminosis a in a 6-year-old boy with autism. Case Rep Endocrinol. 2011;2011:424712. doi:10.1155/2011/424712  PMCID:PMC3420388  PMID:22937283 
  92. Successful sulfonylurea treatment of an insulin-naïve neonate with diabetes mellitus due to a KCNJ11 mutation. Pediatr Diabetes. 2010;11(4):286-8. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5448.2009.00557.x  PMCID:PMC3245710  PMID:19656320 
  93. Effect of prior intensive therapy in type 1 diabetes on 10-year progression of retinopathy in the DCCT/EDIC: comparison of adults and adolescents. Diabetes. 2010;59(5):1244-53. doi:10.2337/db09-1216  PMCID:PMC2857905  PMID:20150283 
  94. Camp jump start: effects of a residential summer weight-loss camp for older children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2010;125(4):e884-90. doi:10.1542/peds.2009-1007  PMID:20194273 
  95. Hippocampal volumes in youth with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes. 2010;59(1):236-41. doi:10.2337/db09-1117  PMCID:PMC2797927  PMID:19833895 
  96. Psychosocial resources and barriers to self-management in African American adolescents with type 2 diabetes: a qualitative analysis. Diabetes Educ. 2010;36(4):613-22. doi:10.1177/0145721710369706  PMID:20479133 
  97. Comparison of glycemic variability associated with insulin glargine and intermediate-acting insulin when used as the basal component of multiple daily injections for adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2009;32(3):387-93. doi:10.2337/dc08-0800  PMCID:PMC2646014  PMID:19106380 
  98. Prolonged effect of intensive therapy on the risk of retinopathy complications in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus: 10 years after the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial. Arch Ophthalmol. 2008;126(12):1707-15. doi:10.1001/archopht.126.12.1707  PMCID:PMC2663518  PMID:19064853 
  99. Insulin glargine versus intermediate-acting insulin as the basal component of multiple daily injection regimens for adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. J Pediatr. 2008;153(4):547-53. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.04.063  PMID:18589448 
  100. Efficacy and safety of inhaled human insulin (Exubera) compared to subcutaneous insulin in children ages 6 to 11 years with type 1 diabetes mellitus: results of a 3-month, randomized, parallel trial. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2008;21(6):555-68. PMID:18717242 
  101. Effects of prior hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia on cognition in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Pediatr Diabetes. 2008;9(2):87-95. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5448.2007.00274.x  PMID:18208449 
  102. Randomized, controlled trial of Behavioral Family Systems Therapy for Diabetes: maintenance and generalization of effects on parent-adolescent communication. Behav Ther. 2008;39(1):33-46. doi:10.1016/j.beth.2007.04.001  PMID:18328868 
  103. Regional brain volume differences associated with hyperglycemia and severe hypoglycemia in youth with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(9):2331-7. doi:10.2337/dc07-0351  PMID:17575089 
  104. Randomized trial of behavioral family systems therapy for diabetes: maintenance of effects on diabetes outcomes in adolescents. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(3):555-60. doi:10.2337/dc06-1613  PMID:17327320 
  105. Total and intraabdominal fat distribution in preadolescents and adolescents: measurement with MR imaging. Radiology. 2007;242(3):846-56. doi:10.1148/radiol.2423060111  PMID:17244720 
  106. Increasing the accuracy of oral glucose tolerance testing and extending its application to individuals with normal glucose tolerance for the prediction of type 1 diabetes: the Diabetes Prevention Trial-Type 1. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(1):38-42. doi:10.2337/dc06-1615  PMID:17192330 
  107. Effects of behavioral family systems therapy for diabetes on adolescents' family relationships, treatment adherence, and metabolic control. J Pediatr Psychol. 2006;31(9):928-38. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/jsj098  PMID:16401678 
  108. Knowledge, attitudes and behaviors related to sexuality and family planning in adolescent women with and without diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes. 2006;7(5):267-73. doi:10.1111/j.1399-5448.2006.00197.x  PMID:17054448 
  109. Patterns of metabolic progression to type 1 diabetes in the Diabetes Prevention Trial-Type 1. Diabetes Care. 2006;29(3):643-9. PMID:16505520 
  110. Self-care autonomy and outcomes of intensive therapy or usual care in youth with type 1 diabetes. J Pediatr Psychol. 2006;31(10):1036-45. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/jsj017  PMID:15772362 
  111. Risk of retinopathy in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus before 2 years of age. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005;140(5):930-1. doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2005.05.023  PMID:16310480 
  112. Frequency and timing of severe hypoglycemia affects spatial memory in children with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2005;28(10):2372-7. PMID:16186265 
  113. A prospective study of severe hypoglycemia and long-term spatial memory in children with type 1 diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes. 2004;5(2):63-71. doi:10.1111/j.1399-543X.2004.00045.x  PMID:15189491 
  114. Management of diabetic ketoacidosis. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2003;4(4):343-53. PMID:14618019 
  115. Phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity in congenital generalized lipodystrophy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003;88(10):4840-7. doi:10.1210/jc.2003-030855  PMID:14557463 
  116. Self-management competence as a predictor of outcomes of intensive therapy or usual care in youth with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003;26(7):2043-7. PMID:12832310 
  117. Severe hypoglycemia and long-term spatial memory in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a retrospective study. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2003;9(5):740-50. doi:10.1017/S1355617703950077  PMID:12901780 
  118. Absence of adverse effects of severe hypoglycemia on cognitive function in school-aged children with diabetes over 18 months. Diabetes Care. 2003;26(4):1100-5. PMID:12663580 
  119. Condom use, pregnancy, and STDs in adolescent females with and without type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Educ. 2003;29(1):135-43. PMID:12632692 
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