Jennifer G. Duncan, M.D.

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Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Critical Care Medicine
Director of Wellness for Graduate Medical Education
Critical Care MedicineSchool of Medicine


Clinical Interests

Dr. Duncan earned her B.S. at Vanderbilt University and her M.D. at University of Chicago. She remained at The University of Chicago for pediatric residency and a year as Chief Resident before going to Johns Hopkins for fellowship training in Pediatric Critical Care. At Hopkins she developed her interest in basic science research. She came to Washington University in 2004 and developed a research program focused in cardiac mitochondrial metabolism in obesity and diabetes. In 2011 she became the Program Director for Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. She is now primarily focused on educational scholarship projects related to career development and mentorship.


  • BS, Magna Cum Laude, Vanderbilt University1993
  • MD, With Honors, University of Chicago1997


  • Pediatric Residency, The University of Chicago Children's Hospital1997 - 2000
  • Pediatric Chief Resident, The University of Chicago Children's Hospital2000 - 2001
  • Pediatric Critical Care Fellow, Johns Hopkins University2001 - 2004
  • Department of Pediatrics, Leadership Development Course, Washington University2014 - 2014
  • AAMC Mid-Career Women Faculty Development Conference2014 - 2014
  • Association of Pediatric Program Directors Leadership in Educational Academic Development Program2017 - 2018
  • Washington University Performance Leadership Course, by The Granger Network2020
  • Wellcoaches Health and Wellness Coach Certification2021

Licensure and Board Certification

  • MO, Missouri
  • 2000American Board of Pediatrics - Certification in General Pediatrics (Renewed 2018)
  • 2000IL, Illinois
  • 2004American Board of Pediatrics - Certification in Pediatric Critical Care (Renewed 2014)

Honors and Awards

  • MWSPR Cleveland Clinic Award for Outstanding Student Presentation1995
  • Graduation with Honors, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine1997
  • Phi Beta Kappa1997
  • University of Chicago Department of Pediatrics Award for Most Meritorious Research1997
  • Intern of the Year, University of Chicago, Department of Pediatrics1998
  • Selected to be Pediatric Chief Resident (fourth year) for 2000-20011999
  • Child Health Research Center Scholar2006
  • Children’s Discovery Institute Scholar2007
  • Pediatric Residency Program Lecturer of the Month2014
  • Selected for APPD LEAD Program2017 - 2019
  • Carol B. and Jerome T. Loeb Teaching Fellowship2019 - Pres
  • Washington University Academy of Educators Honor Roll Award for excellence in education2021

Recent Publications view all (29)

Publication Co-Authors

  1. Scholarly activity training in pediatric pulmonology fellowship programs. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2022;57(4):982-990. PMID:35018735 
  2. Effects of Persistent Exposure to COVID-19 on Mental Health Outcomes Among Trainees: a Longitudinal Survey Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2022. PMCID:PMC8796740  PMID:35091924 
  3. National Pediatric Experience With Virtual Interviews: Lessons Learned and Future Recommendations Pediatrics. 2021;148(4). PMID:34330864 
  4. Impact of Changes in EHR Use during COVID-19 on Physician Trainee Mental Health. Appl Clin Inform. 2021. PMID:34077972 
  5. Risk factors associated with physician trainee concern over missed educational opportunities during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Med Educ. 2021;21(1):216. PMCID:PMC8052552  PMID:33865390 
  6. Correction: Work-Related and Personal Factors Associated With Mental Well-Being During the COVID-19 Response: Survey of Health Care and Other Workers. J Med Internet Res. 2021;23(4):e29069. PMCID:PMC8065552  PMID:33835934 
  7. Virtual Cafes: An Innovative way for rapidly disseminating educational best practices and building community during COVID-19 Acad Pediatr. 2020. PMCID:PMC7265843  PMID:32502535 
  8. Scholarly Activity Training during Pediatric Fellowship: A National Assessment Pediatrics. 2020. PMID:33262266 
  9. Work-related and Personal Factors Associated with Mental Well-being during COVID-19 Response: A Survey of Health Care and Other Workers J Med Internet Res. 2020. PMID:32763891 
  10. Exposure to COVID-19 Patients Increases Physician Trainee Stress and Burnout PLOS One. 2020. PMID:32760131 
  11. Virtual Cafes: An Innovative Way for Rapidly Disseminating Educational Best Practices and Building Community During COVID-19 Acad Pediatr. 2020. PMCID:PMC7265843   PMID:32502535 
  12. Slow wind in a dark starry night. Case presentation-Metastatic Papillary Carcinoma in a Child with Disseminated Pulmonary Nodules ATS Quick HIts, Digital Publication. 2018. doi:  
  13. Mitochondrial inefficiency in infants born to overweight African-American mothers. Int J Obes (Lond). 2018. PMID:29568109 
  14. High-sucrose-induced maternal obesity disrupts ovarian function and decreases fertility in Drosophila melanogaster. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2017. PMCID:PMC5535766   PMID:28344128 
  15. Drosophila divalent metal ion transporter Malvolio is required in dopaminergic neurons for feeding decisions. Genes Brain Behav. 2017. PMCID:PMC5457331  PMID:28220999 
  16. Modeling dietary influences on offspring metabolic programming in Drosophila melanogaster. Reproduction. 2016;152(3):R79-90. PMCID:PMC4964793  PMID:27450801 
  17. Drosophila melanogaster: An emerging model of transgenerational effects of maternal obesity. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2015. doi:10.1016/j.mce.2015.12.003  PMCID:PMC4903087  PMID:26687062 
  18. RNASET2 is required for ROS propagation during oxidative stress-mediated cell death. Cell Death Differ. 2015. doi:10.1038/cdd.2015.105  PMID:26206090 
  19. Left main coronary artery dissection in pediatric sport-related chest trauma. J Emerg Med. 2014. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2014.04.034  PMID:24928544 
  20. Evidence for transgenerational metabolic programming in Drosophila. Dis Model Mech. 2013. doi:10.1242/dmm.011924  PMID:23649823 
  21. The transcriptional coactivators, PGC-1α and β, cooperate to maintain cardiac mitochondrial function during the early stages of insulin resistance. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2012;52(3):701-10. doi:10.1016/j.yjmcc.2011.10.010  PMCID:PMC3294189  PMID:22080103 
  22. Mitochondrial dysfunction in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011;1813(7):1351-9. doi:10.1016/j.bbamcr.2011.01.014  PMCID:PMC3149859  PMID:21256163 
  23. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-alpha (PPARα) and PPAR gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1α) regulation of cardiac metabolism in diabetes. Pediatr Cardiol. 2011;32(3):323-8. doi:10.1007/s00246-011-9889-8  PMCID:PMC3143064  PMID:21286700 
  24. Rescue of cardiomyopathy in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha transgenic mice by deletion of lipoprotein lipase identifies sources of cardiac lipids and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha activators. Circulation. 2010;121(3):426-35. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.888735  PMCID:PMC2825753  PMID:20065164 
  25. Lipotoxicity: what is the fate of fatty acids? J Lipid Res. 2008;49(7):1375-6. doi:10.1194/jlr.E800010-JLR200  PMID:18430973 
  26. The PPARalpha-PGC-1alpha Axis Controls Cardiac Energy Metabolism in Healthy and Diseased Myocardium. PPAR Res. 2008;2008:253817. doi:10.1155/2008/253817  PMCID:PMC2225461  PMID:18288281 
  27. Insulin-resistant heart exhibits a mitochondrial biogenic response driven by the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha/PGC-1alpha gene regulatory pathway. Circulation. 2007;115(7):909-17. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.662296  PMID:17261654 
  28. Heart failure-associated alterations in troponin I phosphorylation impair ventricular relaxation-afterload and force-frequency responses and systolic function. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007;292(1):H318-25. doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00283.2006  PMID:16936010 
  29. Chronic xanthine oxidase inhibition prevents myofibrillar protein oxidation and preserves cardiac function in a transgenic mouse model of cardiomyopathy. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005;289(4):H1512-8. doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00168.2005  PMID:15863459 
Last updated: 10/03/2022
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