Caroline K. Lee, M.D.

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Professor of Pediatrics, Cardiology

phone: (314) 454-6095


  • BA, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA1995
  • MD, University of Virginia School of Medicine1999


  • Residency in Pediatrics, University of Virginia Health System1999 - 2002
  • Fellowship in Pediatric Cardiology, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine2002 - 2003
  • Fellowship in Pediatric Cardiology, Children's National Medical Center2003 - 2005
  • Leadership Development Training, Washington University School of Medicine, Dept of Pediatrics2015
  • Academic Medical Leadership Program for Physicians & Scientists, Washington University School of Medicine2021 - 2021

Licensure and Board Certification

  • 2000 - PresNational Board of Medical Examiners
  • 2006 - PresDiplomate, American Board of Pediatrics and its Subboard of Pediatric Cardiology
  • 2008 - PresIL, State of Illinois Division of Professional Regulation
  • 2008 - PresMO, State Board of Registration for the Healing Arts

Honors and Awards

  • Pediatric Clerkship Teaching Award, Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters2005
  • Competitively selected to attend the AAMC Early Career Women Faculty Professional Development Seminar2010
  • "Best Lecturer of the Month," Pediatric Residency Noon Lecture Series, for "Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease"2013
  • Castle Connolly "Best Doctors" Award/St. Louis Magazine2015 - Pres
  • Competitively selected to attend AAMC Mid-Career Women Faculty Professional Development Seminar2015
  • Distinguished Service Teaching Award, Washington University School of Medicine2016
  • Unsung Hero Award, Department of Pediatrics2018
  • Distinguished Service Teaching Award, Washington University School of Medicine2019
  • Castle Connolly "Regional Top Doctor" Award/Missouri Life Magazine2021
  • Honor Roll for the 2021/2022 Academic Year, Academy of Educators, Washington University School of Medicine2021
  • Distinguished Service Teaching Award, Washington University School of Medicine2022

Recent Publications view all (15)

Publication Co-Authors

  1. Trajectories of Maternal and Paternal Psychological Distress After Fetal Diagnosis of Moderate-Severe Congenital Heart Disease. J Pediatr Psychol.. 2022. doi:doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsac067  PMID:PMID: 35976135 
  2. Placental delayed villous maturation is associated with fetal congenital heart disease American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2022. doi:  PMID:PMID: 35985515 
  3. Common indications and impact on clinical management of overnight, inpatient transthoracic echocardiograms performed by pediatric cardiology fellows Progress in Pediatric Cardiology. 2022. doi:  
  4. Impact of Socioeconomic Status, Race and Ethnicity, and Geography on Prenatal Detection of Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome and Transposition of the Great Arteries Circulation. 2021;143(21):2049-2060. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.120.053062  PMCID:PMC8162295  PMID:33993718 
  5. Reproducibility of Left Ventricular Dimension vs. Area vs. Volume Measurements in Pediatric Patients with Dilated Cardiomyopathy Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging. 2017;10(11). doi:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.116.006007  PMID:29133477 
  6. Prenatal Counseling of Fetal Congenital Heart Disease Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine. 2017. doi:10.1007/s11936-017-0502-1  
  7. De novo 9q gain in an infant with tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve: Patient report and review of congenital heart disease in 9q duplication syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2015;167A(12):2966-74. PMID:26768185 
  8. Right Ventricular Function in Preterm and Term Neonates: Reference Values for Right Ventricle Areas and Fractional Area of Change Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography. 2015. 
  9. High Frequency of Detection by PCR of Viral Nucleic Acid in the Blood of Infants Presenting with Clinical Myocarditis Pediatr Cardiol. 2015. doi:10.1007/s00246-015-1290-6  PMID:26499513 
  10. Children with myocarditis and new onset dilated cardiomyopathy have evidence of autoimmunity and viremia at presentation Progress in Pediatric Cardiology. Cardiomyopathy Part 1 . 2014;37(1-2):39-40. 
  11. Variability of M-mode versus two-dimensional echocardiography measurements in children with dilated cardiomyopathy. Pediatr Cardiol. 2013. doi:10.1007/s00246-013-0835-9  PMID:24265000 
  12. Spontaneous echocardiographic contrast associated with portosystemic shunt due to persistent patent ductus venosus Congenit Heart Dis Congenital Heart Disease. 2012;7(3):E18-21. 
  13. Failed Fontan heart transplant candidates with preserved vs impaired ventricular ejection: 2 distinct patient populations Journal Heart and Lung Transplant. 2012;31(5):545-547. 
  14. Pre-transplant risk factors for chronic renal dysfunction after pediatric heart transplantation: a 10 year national cohort study. Journal Heart and Lung Transplant. 2007;26:458-465. 
  15. Insulin resistance is a poor predictor of type 2 diabetes in individuals with no family history of disease. National Academy of Science. 2003;100(5):2724-2729. 
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