Steve M. Liao, M.D., MSCI

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Chief of Pediatrics, Missouri Baptist Medical Center
Medical Director, Missouri Baptist Medical Center NICU
Researcher, Patient Oriented Research Unit
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Newborn Medicine
Newborn Medicine

phone: (314) 454-6148


  • BS, Suma Cum Laude, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)1999
  • MD, Saint Louis University School of Medicine2003
  • MSCI, Washington University2012


  • Pediatric Residency, Saint Louis University School of Medicine - Cardinal Glennon Children's Medical Center2003 - 2006
  • Fellowship, Washington University School of Medicine - St. Louis Children's Hospital2006 - 2009

Licensure and Board Certification

  • 2006 - PresNeonatal Resuscitation Program
  • 2008 - PresMO
  • 2009Certified in General Pediatrics
  • 2012Certified in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine

Honors and Awards

  • Arthur E. McElfresh Memorial Award - outstanding achievement in the study of Pediatrics2003
  • Resident QA/QI research project - first place award2006
  • Midwest SPR Travel Grant2008
  • PAS Young Investigator's Travel Award2009
  • Department of Pediatrics Educational Loan Rebate Program Award2009 - 2010
  • Post-doctoral Career Development Program Award (K30)2009 - 2011
  • NICHD Loan Repayment Program Award & Renewal2010 - 2014
  • Washington University Career Development Award (KL2)2011 - 2013
  • Scholar Abstract Award, Translational Science Conference, Washington, DC2012
  • Dr. Walentik Provider Champion Award / Generate Health - CARE Clinic2019
  • Team Award - ILPQC MNO - Neonatal Excellence Award (team lead)2020

Recent Publications view all (29)

Publication Co-Authors

  1. Extinguishing the TORCH Differential: Evaluation of a Neonate with Blueberry Muffin Rash Neoreviews. 2021;22(8):e540-e543. doi:10.1542/neo.22-8-e540  PMID:34341161 
  2. The hidden consequence of intraventricular hemorrhage: persistent cerebral desaturation after IVH in preterm infants. Pediatr Res. 2021;89(4):869-877. PMCID:PMC8035346  PMID:33038871 
  3. WU-NEAT: A clinically validated, open-source MATLAB toolbox for limited-channel neonatal EEG analysis. Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2020;196:105716. PMCID:PMC7606381  PMID:32858282 
  4. Poverty and Excess Length of Hospital Stay in Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome. J Addict Med. 2020;14(2):113-118. PMCID:PMC6881526  PMID:31149915 
  5. Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Neonates with Mild Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy Treated with Therapeutic Hypothermia. Am J Perinatol. 2019;36(13):1337-1343. PMCID:PMC6609494  PMID:30609430 
  6. Delayed cord clamping is associated with improved dynamic cerebral autoregulation and decreased incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants J Appl Physiol. 2019;127(1):103-110. PMID:31046516 
  7. Early red cell transfusion is associated with development of severe retinopathy of prematurity. J Perinatol. 2019;39(3):393-400. PMCID:PMC6391181  PMID:30459388 
  8. Late failure of cerebral autoregulation in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is associated with brain injury: a pilot study Physiol Meas. 2018;39(12):125004. PMID:30270845 
  9. Re-examining the arterial cord blood gas pH screening criteria in neonatal encephalopathy Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018;103(4):F377-F382. PMID:28942435 
  10. Term-equivalent functional brain maturation measures predict neurodevelopmental outcomes in premature infants Early Hum Dev. 2018;119:68-72. PMID:29579560 
  11. Gestational age-dependent relationship between cerebral oxygen extraction and blood pressure. Pediatr Res. 2017;82(6):934-939. PMID:28902182 
  12. A validated clinical MRI injury scoring system in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Pediatr Radiol. 2017;47(11):1491-1499. PMCID:PMC6219383  PMID:28623417 
  13. Impact of brain injury on functional measures of amplitude-integrated EEG at term equivalent age in premature infants J Perinatol. 2017;37(8):947-952. PMID:28492522 
  14. A validated clinical MRI injury scoring system in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy Pediatr Radiol. 2017. PMID:28623417  
  15. Safety and Short-Term Outcomes of Therapeutic Hypothermia in Preterm Neonates 34-35 Weeks Gestational Age with Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy J Pediatr. 2017;183:37-42. PMID:27979578 
  16. Early hyperoxia burden detected by cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy is superior to pulse oximetry for prediction of severe retinopathy of prematurity. J Perinatol. 2016. PMID:27559717 
  17. Response to dopamine in prematurity: a biomarker for brain injury? J Perinatol. 2016;36(6):453-8. PMCID:PMC4882223  PMID:26890555 
  18. Defining the nature and implications of head turn preference in the preterm infant Early Hum Dev. 2016;96:53-60. PMID:27064959 
  19. Response to dopamine in prematurity: a biomarker for brain injury? J Perinatol. 2016;36(5):410. PMID:27109233 
  20. A novel method for assessing cerebral autoregulation in preterm infants using transfer function analysis. Pediatr Res. 2016;79(3):453-9. PMCID:PMC4821724  PMID:26571222 
  21. Head Position Change Is Not Associated with Acute Changes in Bilateral Cerebral Oxygenation in Stable Preterm Infants during the First 3 Days of Life. Am J Perinatol. 2015;32(7):645-52. doi:10.1055/s-0034-1390348  PMID:25282608 
  22. Functional Imaging of the Developing Brain at the Bedside Using Diffuse Optical Tomography. Cereb Cortex. 2015. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhu320  PMID:25595183 
  23. Cerebral maturation on amplitude-integrated electroencephalography and perinatal exposures in preterm infants. Acta Paediatr. 2014;103(3):e96-e100. doi:10.1111/apa.12485  PMCID:PMC3945948  PMID:24354724 
  24. Near infrared optical technologies to illuminate the status of the neonatal brain. Curr Pediatr Rev. 2014;10(1):73-86. PMID:25055866 
  25. High-density diffuse optical tomography of term infant visual cortex in the nursery J Biomed Optics . 2012. 
  26. High-density diffuse optical tomography of term infant visual cortex in the nursery. J Biomed Opt. 2012;17(8):081414. PMCID:PMC3391961  PMID:23224175 
  27. Bedside optical imaging of occipital resting-state functional connectivity in neonates. Neuroimage. 2012;59(3):2529-38. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.08.094  PMCID:PMC3598616  PMID:21925609 
  28. Elucidating the neonatal hemodynamic response to brain activity: A high-density NIRS study J Biomed Optics. 2010;15(2):026010-1-9. 
  29. Neonatal hemodynamic response to visual cortex activity: high-density near-infrared spectroscopy study. J Biomed Opt. 2010;15(2):026010. PMCID:PMC2874048  PMID:20459255 
Last updated: 10/11/2022
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