Phillip I. Tarr, M.D.  tarr@wustl.edu

Director, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Professor of Molecular Microbiology
Co-Leader, Pathobiology Research Unit, Department of Pediatrics
Gastroenterology, Hepatology and NutritionPathobiologyMolecular Microbiology

phone:

Education

  • B.A., Brown University1975
  • M.D., Yale University School of Medicine1980

Training

  • Intern/Resident, University of Washington School of Medicine/Children's Orthopedic Hospital and Medical Center1980 - 1983
  • Senior Fellow, University of Washington School of Medicine1983 - 1987
  • Fellow, University of Washington School of Medicine and Children's Hospital and Medical Center 1988 - 1989

Licensure and Board Certification

  • Pediatrics - ABP1984
  • Pediatric Gastroenterology - ABP1992
  • MO, 2002
  • BCS2012
  • The American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) Maintenance of Certification (MOC)2013

Honors

  • American Gastroenterological Association/Blackwell Scientific Research Scholar Award1992 - 1995
  • Food and Drug Administration Commissioner's Special Citation1997 - 1997
  • Melvin E. Carnahan Professor of Pediatrics, Endowed Chair2004 - Pres

Recent Publications view all (154)


  1. Gasparrini AJ, Crofts TS, Gibson MK, Tarr PI, Warner BB, Dantas G. Antibiotic perturbation of the preterm infant gut microbiome and resistome. Gut Microbes. 2016;0. PMID:27472377  
  2. Ordiz MI, Shaikh N, Trehan I, Maleta K, Stauber J, Shulman R, Devaraj S, Tarr PI, Manary MJ. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction is Associated with Poor Linear Growth and Can be Identified by Host Fecal mRNAs. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016. doi:10.1097/MPG.0000000000001315  PMID:27347722  
  3. Planer JD, Peng Y, Kau AL, Blanton LV, Ndao IM, Tarr PI, Warner BB, Gordon JI. Development of the gut microbiota and mucosal IgA responses in twins and gnotobiotic mice. Nature. 2016;534(7606):263-6. doi:10.1038/nature17940  PMCID:PMC4902178  PMID:27279225  
  4. Freedman SB, Xie J, Neufeld MS, Hamilton WL, Hartling L, Tarr PI, Alberta Provincial Pediatric Enteric Infection Team (APPETITE). Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Infection, Antibiotics, and Risk of Developing Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: A Meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2016;62(10):1251-8. doi:10.1093/cid/ciw099  PMCID:PMC4845788  PMID:26917812  
  5. Stauber J, Shaikh N, Ordiz MI, Tarr PI, Manary MJ. Droplet digital PCR quantifies host inflammatory transcripts in feces reliably and reproducibly. Cell Immunol. 2016;S0008-8749(16):30016-8. doi:10.1016/j.cellimm.2016.03.007  PMID:27063479  
  6. Warner BB, Deych E, Zhou Y, Hall-Moore C, Weinstock GM, Sodergren E, Shaikh N, Hoffmann JA, Linneman LA, Hamvas A, Khanna G, Rouggly-Nickless LC, Ndao IM, Shands BA, Escobedo M, Sullivan JE, Radmacher PG, Shannon WD, Tarr PI. Gut bacteria dysbiosis and necrotising enterocolitis in very low birthweight infants: a prospective case-control study. Lancet. 2016;S0140-6736(16):00081-7. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00081-7  PMID:26969089  
  7. Gibson MK, Wang B, Ahmadi S, Burnham CA, Tarr PI, Warner BB, Dantas G. Developmental dynamics of the preterm infant gut microbiota and antibiotic resistome. Nat Microbiol. 2016;1:16024. PMID:27572443  
  8. Gibson M.K., Wang B., Ahmadi S., Burnham C.A., Tarr P.I., Warner B.B., Dantas G. Developmental dynamics of the preterm infant gut microbiota and antibiotic resistome Nature Microbiology. 2016;1:16024. 
  9. Yu J, Ordiz MI, Stauber J, Shaikh N, Trehan I, Barnell E, Head RD, Maleta K, Tarr PI, Manary MJ. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction Includes a Broad Spectrum of Inflammatory Responses and Epithelial Repair Processes. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016;2(2):158-174.e1. doi:10.1016/j.jcmgh.2015.12.002  PMCID:PMC4769221  PMID:26973864  
  10. Rusconi B, Sanjar F, Koenig SS, Mammel MK, Tarr PI, Eppinger M. Whole Genome Sequencing for Genomics-Guided Investigations of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Outbreaks. Front Microbiol. 2016;7:985. PMID:27446025  
  11. Poindexter BB, Feng R, Schmidt B, Aschner JL, Ballard RA, Hamvas A, Reynolds AM, Shaw PA, Jobe AH, Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program. Comparisons and Limitations of Current Definitions of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia for the Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2015;12(12):1822-30. doi:10.1513/AnnalsATS.201504-218OC  PMCID:PMC4722827  PMID:26397992  
  12. Lim ES, Zhou Y, Zhao G, Bauer IK, Droit L, Ndao IM, Warner BB, Tarr PI, Wang D, Holtz LR. Early life dynamics of the human gut virome and bacterial microbiome in infants. Nat Med. 2015;21(10):1228-34. doi:10.1038/nm.3950  PMID:26366711  
  13. Ordiz MI, May TD, Mihindukulasuriya K, Martin J, Crowley J, Tarr PI, Ryan K, Mortimer E, Gopalsamy G, Maleta K, Mitreva M, Young G, Manary MJ. The effect of dietary resistant starch type 2 on the microbiota and markers of gut inflammation in rural Malawi children. Microbiome. 2015;3:37. doi:10.1186/s40168-015-0102-9  PMCID:PMC4558878  PMID:26334878  
  14. Freedman SB, Lee BE, Louie M, Pang XL, Ali S, Chuck A, Chui L, Currie GR, Dickinson J, Drews SJ, Eltorki M, Graham T, Jiang X, Johnson DW, Kellner J, Lavoie M, MacDonald J, MacDonald S, Svenson LW, Talbot J, Tarr P, Tellier R, Vanderkooi OG. Alberta Provincial Pediatric EnTeric Infection TEam (APPETITE): epidemiology, emerging organisms, and economics. BMC Pediatr. 2015;15:89. doi:10.1186/s12887-015-0407-7  PMCID:PMC4521468  PMID:26226953  
  15. Julian S, Burnham CA, Sellenriek P, Shannon WD, Hamvas A, Tarr PI, Warner BB. Impact of neonatal intensive care bed configuration on rates of late-onset bacterial sepsis and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2015;1-10. doi:10.1017/ice.2015.144  PMID:26108888  
  16. VanDussen KL, Marinshaw JM, Shaikh N, Miyoshi H, Moon C, Tarr PI, Ciorba MA, Stappenbeck TS. Development of an enhanced human gastrointestinal epithelial culture system to facilitate patient-based assays. Gut. 2015;64(6):911-20. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2013-306651  PMCID:PMC4305344  PMID:25007816  
  17. Gurnee EA, Ndao IM, Johnson JR, Johnston BD, Gonzalez MD, Burnham CA, Hall-Moore CM, McGhee JE, Mellmann A, Warner BB, Tarr PI. Gut Colonization of Healthy Children and Their Mothers With Pathogenic Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Escherichia coli. J Infect Dis. 2015. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiv278  PMID:25969564  
  18. Maitre NL, Ballard RA, Ellenberg JH, Davis SD, Greenberg JM, Hamvas A, Pryhuber GS, Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program. Respiratory consequences of prematurity: evolution of a diagnosis and development of a comprehensive approach. J Perinatol. 2015;35(5):313-21. doi:10.1038/jp.2015.19  PMCID:PMC4414744  PMID:25811285  
  19. Qin X, Klein EJ, Galanakis E, Thomas AA, Stapp JR, Rich S, Buccat AM, Tarr PI. Real-Time PCR Assay for Detection and Differentiation of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli from Clinical Samples. J Clin Microbiol. 2015. doi:10.1128/JCM.00115-15  PMID:25926491  
  20. Pryhuber GS, Maitre NL, Ballard RA, Cifelli D, Davis SD, Ellenberg JH, Greenberg JM, Kemp J, Mariani TJ, Panitch H, Ren C, Shaw P, Taussig LM, Hamvas A, Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program Investigators. Prematurity and respiratory outcomes program (PROP): study protocol of a prospective multicenter study of respiratory outcomes of preterm infants in the United States. BMC Pediatr. 2015;15:37. doi:10.1186/s12887-015-0346-3  PMCID:PMC4407843  PMID:25886363  
  21. Kuczius T, Zhang W, Merkel V, Mellmann A, Tarr PI, Karch H. Agitation down-regulates immunoglobulin binding protein EibG expression in Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). PLoS One. 2015;10(3):e0119583. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0119583  PMID:25746924  
  22. Zhang Y, Rowehl L, Krumsiek JM, Orner EP, Shaikh N, Tarr PI, Sodergren E, Weinstock GM, Boedeker EC, Xiong X, Parkinson J, Frank DN, Li E, Gathungu G. Identification of Candidate Adherent-Invasive E. coli Signature Transcripts by Genomic/Transcriptomic Analysis. PLoS One. 2015;10(6):e0130902. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130902  PMID:26125937  
  23. Moore AM, Ahmadi S, Patel S, Gibson MK, Wang B, Ndao MI, Deych E, Shannon W, Tarr PI, Warner BB, Dantas G. Gut resistome development in healthy twin pairs in the first year of life. Microbiome. 2015;3:27. doi:10.1186/s40168-015-0090-9  PMCID:PMC4480905  PMID:26113976  
  24. Sommovilla J, Zhou Y, Sun RC, Choi PM, Diaz-Miron J, Shaikh N, Sodergren E, Warner BB, Weinstock GM, Tarr PI, Warner BW. Small bowel resection induces long-term changes in the enteric microbiota of mice. J Gastrointest Surg. 2015;19(1):56-64; discussion 64. doi:10.1007/s11605-014-2631-0  PMCID:PMC4576885  PMID:25183407  
  25. Zhou Y, Burnham CA, Hink T, Chen L, Shaikh N, Wollam A, Sodergren E, Weinstock GM, Tarr PI, Dubberke ER. Phenotypic and genotypic analysis of Clostridium difficile isolates: a single-center study. J Clin Microbiol. 2014;52(12):4260-6. doi:10.1128/JCM.02115-14  PMCID:PMC4313296  PMID:25275005  
  26. La Rosa PS, Warner BB, Zhou Y, Weinstock GM, Sodergren E, Hall-Moore CM, Stevens HJ, Bennett WE Jr, Shaikh N, Linneman LA, Hoffmann JA, Hamvas A, Deych E, Shands BA, Shannon WD, Tarr PI. Patterned progression of bacterial populations in the premature infant gut. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111(34):12522-7. doi:10.1073/pnas.1409497111  PMID:25114261  
  27. Schindler EI, Sellenriek P, Storch GA, Tarr PI, Burnham CA. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli: a single-center, 11-year pediatric experience. J Clin Microbiol. 2014. doi:10.1128/JCM.01231-14  PMID:25078916  
  28. Carl MA, Ndao IM, Springman AC, Manning SD, Johnson JR, Johnston BD, Burnham CA, Weinstock ES, Weinstock GM, Wylie TN, Mitreva M, Abubucker S, Zhou Y, Stevens HJ, Hall-Moore C, Julian S, Shaikh N, Warner BB, Tarr PI. Sepsis from the gut: the enteric habitat of bacteria that cause late-onset neonatal bloodstream infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;58(9):1211-8. doi:10.1093/cid/ciu084  PMID:24647013  
  29. Bielaszewska M, Schiller R, Lammers L, Bauwens A, Fruth A, Middendorf B, Schmidt MA, Tarr PI, Dobrindt U, Karch H, Mellmann A. Heteropathogenic virulence and phylogeny reveal phased pathogenic metamorphosis in Escherichia coli O2:H6. EMBO Mol Med. 2014;6(3):347-57. doi:10.1002/emmm.201303133  PMCID:PMC3958309  PMID:24413188  
  30. Gurnee EA, Ndao IM, McGhee JE, Warner BB, Tarr PI, Fritz SA, Burnham CA. Fecal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus in healthy children. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2014;58(2):1261-2. doi:10.1128/AAC.02466-13  PMID:24277049  
  31. Sanjar F, Hazen TH, Shah SM, Koenig SS, Agrawal S, Daugherty S, Sadzewicz L, Tallon LJ, Mammel MK, Feng P, Soderlund R, Tarr PI, Debroy C, Dudley EG, Cebula TA, Ravel J, Fraser CM, Rasko DA, Eppinger M. Genome Sequence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Strain 2886-75, Associated with the First Reported Case of Human Infection in the United States. Genome Announc. 2014;2(1). doi:10.1128/genomeA.01120-13  PMCID:PMC3886948  PMID:24407635  
  32. El Feghaly RE, Stauber JL, Tarr PI, Haslam DB. Viral co-infections are common and are associated with higher bacterial burden in children with clostridium difficile infection. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013;57(6):813-6. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182a3202f  PMID:23838821  
  33. Turabelidze G, Lawrence SJ, Gao H, Sodergren E, Weinstock GM, Abubucker S, Wylie T, Mitreva M, Shaikh N, Gautom R, Tarr PI. Precise dissection of an Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak by single nucleotide polymorphism analysis. J Clin Microbiol. 2013;51(12):3950-4. doi:10.1128/JCM.01930-13  PMCID:PMC3838074  PMID:24048526  
  34. El Feghaly RE, Stauber JL, Tarr PI, Haslam DB. Intestinal inflammatory biomarkers and outcome in pediatric Clostridium difficile infections. J Pediatr. 2013;163(6):1697-1704.e2. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.07.029  PMID:24011765  
  35. Schnadower D, Tarr PI, Gorelick MH, O'Connell K, Roskind CG, Powell EC, Rao J, Bhatt S, Freedman SB. Validation of the modified Vesikari score in children with gastroenteritis in 5 US emergency departments. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013;57(4):514-9. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e31829ae5a3  PMCID:PMC3788842  PMID:23676445  
  36. Davis TK, McKee R, Schnadower D, Tarr PI. Treatment of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infections. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2013;27(3):577-97. doi:10.1016/j.idc.2013.05.010  PMID:24011831  
  37. Page AV, Tarr PI, Watkins SL, Rajwans N, Petruzziello-Pellegrini TN, Marsden PA, Kain KC, Liles WC. Dysregulation of angiopoietin 1 and 2 in Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection and the hemolytic-uremic syndrome. J Infect Dis. 2013;208(6):929-33. doi:10.1093/infdis/jit268  PMCID:PMC3749007  PMID:23801605  
  38. Melamed R, Storch GA, Warner BB, Tarr PI. Gastrointestinal viruses were not found as an aetiology of culture-negative illness in NICU patients. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2013;98(4):F374-5. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2013-303807  PMID:23563694  
  39. El Feghaly RE, Stauber JL, Deych E, Gonzalez C, Tarr PI, Haslam DB. Markers of intestinal inflammation, not bacterial burden, correlate with clinical outcomes in Clostridium difficile infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2013;56(12):1713-21. doi:10.1093/cid/cit147  PMCID:PMC3707425  PMID:23487367  
  40. Eppinger M, Daugherty S, Agrawal S, Galens K, Sengamalay N, Sadzewicz L, Tallon L, Cebula TA, Mammel MK, Feng P, Soderlund R, Tarr PI, Debroy C, Dudley EG, Fraser CM, Ravel J. Whole-Genome Draft Sequences of 26 Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 Strains. Genome Announc. 2013;1(2):e0013412. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00134-12  PMCID:PMC3593324  PMID:23516226  
  41. Zhou Y, Gao H, Mihindukulasuriya KA, La Rosa PS, Wylie KM, Vishnivetskaya T, Podar M, Warner B, Tarr PI, Nelson DE, Fortenberry JD, Holland MJ, Burr SE, Shannon WD, Sodergren E, Weinstock GM. Biogeography of the ecosystems of the healthy human body. Genome Biol. 2013;14(1):R1. doi:10.1186/gb-2013-14-1-r1  PMID:23316946  
  42. Saito JM, Yan Y, Evashwick TW, Warner BW, Tarr PI. Use and accuracy of diagnostic imaging by hospital type in pediatric appendicitis. Pediatrics. 2013;131(1):e37-44. doi:10.1542/peds.2012-1665  PMCID:PMC3529953  PMID:23266930  
  43. Moore AM, Patel S, Forsberg KJ, Wang B, Bentley G, Razia Y, Qin X, Tarr PI, Dantas G. Pediatric fecal microbiota harbor diverse and novel antibiotic resistance genes. PLoS One. 2013;8(11):e78822. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0078822  PMCID:PMC3827270  PMID:24236055  
  44. Agapova S, Stephenson K, Manary M, Weisz A, Tarr PI, Mkakosya R, Maleta K, Shulman RJ, Manary M, Shaikh N. Detection of Low Concentration Host mRNA Transcripts in Malawian Children at Risk for Environmental Enteropathy J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013;56(1):66-71. 
  45. Denno DM, Shaikh N, Stapp JR, Qin X, Hutter CM, Hoffman V, Mooney JC, Wood KM, Stevens HJ, Jones R, Tarr PI, Klein EJ. Diarrhea etiology in a pediatric emergency department: a case control study. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;55(7):897-904. doi:10.1093/cid/cis553  PMCID:PMC3657524  PMID:22700832  
  46. Wong CS, Mooney JC, Brandt JR, Staples AO, Jelacic S, Boster DR, Watkins SL, Tarr PI. Risk factors for the hemolytic uremic syndrome in children infected with Escherichia coli O157:H7: a multivariable analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;55(1):33-41. doi:10.1093/cid/cis299  PMCID:PMC3493180  PMID:22431799  
  47. Seifert ME, Tarr PI. Azithromycin decolonization of STEC--a new risk emerges. Nat Rev Nephrol. 2012;8(7):429. doi:10.1038/nrneph.2012.87-c1  PMID:22664737  
  48. Petruzziello-Pellegrini TN, Yuen DA, Page AV, Patel S, Soltyk AM, Matouk CC, Wong DK, Turgeon PJ, Fish JE, Ho JJ, Steer BM, Khajoee V, Tigdi J, Lee WL, Motto DG, Advani A, Gilbert RE, Karumanchi SA, Robinson LA, Tarr PI, Liles WC, Brunton JL, Marsden PA. The CXCR4/CXCR7/SDF-1 pathway contributes to the pathogenesis of Shiga toxin-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome in humans and mice. J Clin Invest. 2012;122(2):759-76. doi:10.1172/JCI57313  PMCID:PMC3266777  PMID:22232208  
  49. Hickey CA, Beattie TJ, Cowieson J, Miyashita Y, Strife CF, Frem JC, Peterson JM, Butani L, Jones DP, Havens PL, Patel HP, Wong CS, Andreoli SP, Rothbaum RJ, Beck AM, Tarr PI. Early volume expansion during diarrhea and relative nephroprotection during subsequent hemolytic uremic syndrome. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165(10):884-9. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.152  PMID:21784993  
  50. González-Rivera R, Culverhouse RC, Hamvas A, Tarr PI, Warner BB. The age of necrotizing enterocolitis onset: an application of Sartwell's incubation period model. J Perinatol. 2011;31(8):519-23. doi:10.1038/jp.2010.193  PMCID:PMC3145821  PMID:21273988  
  51. Leopold SR, Sawyer SA, Whittam TS, Tarr PI. Obscured phylogeny and possible recombinational dormancy in Escherichia coli. BMC Evol Biol. 2011;11:183. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-183  PMCID:PMC3152902  PMID:21708031  
  52. Bucher BT, McDuffie LA, Shaikh N, Tarr PI, Warner BB, Hamvas A, White FV, Erwin CR, Warner BW. Bacterial DNA content in the intestinal wall from infants with necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr Surg. 2011;46(6):1029-33. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2011.03.026  PMCID:PMC3118995  PMID:21683193  
  53. Brockmeyer J, Aldick T, Soltwisch J, Zhang W, Tarr PI, Weiss A, Dreisewerd K, Müthing J, Bielaszewska M, Karch H. Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli haemolysin is cleaved and inactivated by serine protease EspPα. Environ Microbiol. 2011;13(5):1327-41. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2011.02431.x  PMCID:PMC3472028  PMID:21352460  
  54. Bielaszewska M, Middendorf B, Tarr PI, Zhang W, Prager R, Aldick T, Dobrindt U, Karch H, Mellmann A. Chromosomal instability in enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7: impact on adherence, tellurite resistance and colony phenotype. Mol Microbiol. 2011;79(4):1024-44. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07499.x  PMCID:PMC3064760  PMID:21299654  
  55. Leopold SR, Shaikh N, Tarr PI. Further evidence of constrained radiation in the evolution of pathogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7. Infect Genet Evol. 2010;10(8):1282-5. doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2010.07.021  PMCID:PMC3742067  PMID:20691811  
  56. Xicohtencatl-Cortes J, Saldaña Z, Deng W, Castañeda E, Freer E, Tarr PI, Finlay BB, Puente JL, Girón JA. Bacterial macroscopic rope-like fibers with cytopathic and adhesive properties. J Biol Chem. 2010;285(42):32336-42. doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.162248  PMCID:PMC2952234  PMID:20688909  
  57. Bennett WE Jr, González-Rivera R, Puente BN, Shaikh N, Stevens HJ, Mooney JC, Klein EJ, Denno DM, Draghi A II, Sylvester FA, Tarr PI. Proinflammatory fecal mRNA and childhood bacterial enteric infections. Gut Microbes. 2010;1(4):209-212. doi:10.4161/gmic.1.4.13004  PMCID:PMC3023602  PMID:21327027  
  58. Laiko M, Murtazina R, Malyukova I, Zhu C, Boedeker EC, Gutsal O, O'Malley R, Cole RN, Tarr PI, Murray KF, Kane A, Donowitz M, Kovbasnjuk O. Shiga toxin 1 interaction with enterocytes causes apical protein mistargeting through the depletion of intracellular galectin-3. Exp Cell Res. 2010;316(4):657-66. doi:10.1016/j.yexcr.2009.09.002  PMCID:PMC2815162  PMID:19744479  
  59. Ahn CK, Russo AJ, Howell KR, Holt NJ, Sellenriek PL, Rothbaum RJ, Beck AM, Luebbering LJ, Tarr PI. Deer sausage: a newly identified vehicle of transmission of Escherichia coli O157:H7. J Pediatr. 2009;155(4):587-9. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2009.02.051  PMID:19773004  
  60. Bennett WE Jr, González-Rivera R, Shaikh N, Magrini V, Boykin M, Warner BB, Hamvas A, Tarr PI. A method for isolating and analyzing human mRNA from newborn stool. J Immunol Methods. 2009;349(1-2):56-60. doi:10.1016/j.jim.2009.07.013  PMCID:PMC2850193  PMID:19660464  
  61. Samadder P, Xicohtencatl-Cortes J, Saldaña Z, Jordan D, Tarr PI, Kaper JB, Girón JA. The Escherichia coli ycbQRST operon encodes fimbriae with laminin-binding and epithelial cell adherence properties in Shiga-toxigenic E. coli O157:H7. Environ Microbiol. 2009;11(7):1815-26. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01906.x  PMCID:PMC2888687  PMID:19508558  
  62. Leopold SR, Magrini V, Holt NJ, Shaikh N, Mardis ER, Cagno J, Ogura Y, Iguchi A, Hayashi T, Mellmann A, Karch H, Besser TE, Sawyer SA, Whittam TS, Tarr PI. A precise reconstruction of the emergence and constrained radiations of Escherichia coli O157 portrayed by backbone concatenomic analysis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106(21):8713-8. doi:10.1073/pnas.0812949106  PMCID:PMC2689004  PMID:19439656  
  63. Li ST, Klein EJ, Tarr PI, Denno DM. Parental management of childhood diarrhea. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2009;48(3):295-303. doi:10.1177/0009922808327057  PMID:19023110  
  64. Denno DM, Keene WE, Hutter CM, Koepsell JK, Patnode M, Flodin-Hursh D, Stewart LK, Duchin JS, Rasmussen L, Jones R, Tarr PI. Tri-county comprehensive assessment of risk factors for sporadic reportable bacterial enteric infection in children. J Infect Dis. 2009;199(4):467-76. doi:10.1086/596555  PMCID:PMC3693595  PMID:19281302  
  65. Bielaszewska M, Prager R, Vandivinit L, Müsken A, Mellmann A, Holt NJ, Tarr PI, Karch H, Zhang W. Detection and characterization of the fimbrial sfp cluster in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O165:H25/NM isolates from humans and cattle. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75(1):64-71. doi:10.1128/AEM.01815-08  PMCID:PMC2612197  PMID:18978078  
  66. Qin X, Zerr DM, Weissman SJ, Englund JA, Denno DM, Klein EJ, Tarr PI, Kwong J, Stapp JR, Tulloch LG, Galanakis E. Prevalence and mechanisms of broad-spectrum beta-lactam resistance in Enterobacteriaceae: a children's hospital experience. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2008;52(11):3909-14. doi:10.1128/AAC.00622-08  PMCID:PMC2573145  PMID:18765688  
  67. Hill J, Beriwal S, Chandra I, Paul VK, Kapil A, Singh T, Wadowsky RM, Singh V, Goyal A, Jahnukainen T, Johnson JR, Tarr PI, Vats A. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection of common strains of Escherichia coli. J Clin Microbiol. 2008;46(8):2800-4. doi:10.1128/JCM.00152-08  PMCID:PMC2519505  PMID:18550738  
  68. Bhutta ZA, Nelson EA, Lee WS, Tarr PI, Zablah R, Phua KB, Lindley K, Bass D, Phillips A, Persistent Diarrhea Working Group. Recent advances and evidence gaps in persistent diarrhea. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008;47(2):260-5. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e318181b334  PMID:18664885  
  69. Cobbold RN, Davis MA, Rice DH, Szymanski M, Tarr PI, Besser TE, Hancock DD. Associations between bovine, human, and raw milk, and beef isolates of non-O157 Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli within a restricted geographic area of the United States. J Food Prot. 2008;71(5):1023-7. PMID:18522040  
  70. Finkbeiner SR, Allred AF, Tarr PI, Klein EJ, Kirkwood CD, Wang D. Metagenomic analysis of human diarrhea: viral detection and discovery. PLoS Pathog. 2008;4(2):e1000011. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1000011  PMCID:PMC2290972  PMID:18398449  
  71. Shaikh N, Holt NJ, Johnson JR, Tarr PI. Fim operon variation in the emergence of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli: an evolutionary and functional analysis. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2007;273(1):58-63. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6968.2007.00781.x  PMID:17559392  
  72. Bielaszewska M, Prager R, Köck R, Mellmann A, Zhang W, Tschäpe H, Tarr PI, Karch H. Shiga toxin gene loss and transfer in vitro and in vivo during enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O26 infection in humans. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73(10):3144-50. doi:10.1128/AEM.02937-06  PMCID:PMC1907125  PMID:17400784  
  73. Besser TE, Shaikh N, Holt NJ, Tarr PI, Konkel ME, Malik-Kale P, Walsh CW, Whittam TS, Bono JL. Greater diversity of Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophage insertion sites among Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates from cattle than in those from humans. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2007;73(3):671-9. doi:10.1128/AEM.01035-06  PMCID:PMC1800756  PMID:17142358  
  74. Rashid RA, Tarr PI, Moseley SL. Expression of the Escherichia coli IrgA homolog adhesin is regulated by the ferric uptake regulation protein. Microb Pathog. 2006;41(6):207-17. doi:10.1016/j.micpath.2006.07.006  PMCID:PMC2039900  PMID:16954050  
  75. Klein EJ, Boster DR, Stapp JR, Wells JG, Qin X, Clausen CR, Swerdlow DL, Braden CR, Tarr PI. Diarrhea etiology in a Children's Hospital Emergency Department: a prospective cohort study. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;43(7):807-13. doi:10.1086/507335  PMID:16941358  
  76. Qin X, Razia Y, Johnson JR, Stapp JR, Boster DR, Tsosie T, Smith DL, Braden CR, Gay K, Angulo FJ, Tarr PI. Ciprofloxacin-resistant gram-negative bacilli in the fecal microflora of children. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006;50(10):3325-9. doi:10.1128/AAC.00548-06  PMCID:PMC1610095  PMID:17005812  
  77. Kudva IT, Krastins B, Sheng H, Griffin RW, Sarracino DA, Tarr PI, Hovde CJ, Calderwood SB, John M. Proteomics-based expression library screening (PELS): a novel method for rapidly defining microbial immunoproteomes. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2006;5(8):1514-9. doi:10.1074/mcp.T600013-MCP200  PMCID:PMC2754196  PMID:16737953  
  78. Rashid RA, Tabata TA, Oatley MJ, Besser TE, Tarr PI, Moseley SL. Expression of putative virulence factors of Escherichia coli O157:H7 differs in bovine and human infections. Infect Immun. 2006;74(7):4142-8. doi:10.1128/IAI.00299-06  PMCID:PMC1489682  PMID:16790788  
  79. Ståhl AL, Svensson M, Mörgelin M, Svanborg C, Tarr PI, Mooney JC, Watkins SL, Johnson R, Karpman D. Lipopolysaccharide from enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli binds to platelets through TLR4 and CD62 and is detected on circulating platelets in patients with hemolytic uremic syndrome. Blood. 2006;108(1):167-76. doi:10.1182/blood-2005-08-3219  PMCID:PMC1895830  PMID:16514062  
  80. Bielaszewska M, Zhang W, Tarr PI, Sonntag AK, Karch H. Molecular profiling and phenotype analysis of Escherichia coli O26:H11 and O26:NM: secular and geographic consistency of enterohemorrhagic and enteropathogenic isolates. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43(8):4225-8. doi:10.1128/JCM.43.8.4225-4228.2005  PMCID:PMC1233958  PMID:16081985  
  81. Ake JA, Jelacic S, Ciol MA, Watkins SL, Murray KF, Christie DL, Klein EJ, Tarr PI. Relative nephroprotection during Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections: association with intravenous volume expansion. Pediatrics. 2005;115(6):e673-80. doi:10.1542/peds.2004-2236  PMID:15930195  
  82. John M, Kudva IT, Griffin RW, Dodson AW, McManus B, Krastins B, Sarracino D, Progulske-Fox A, Hillman JD, Handfield M, Tarr PI, Calderwood SB. Use of in vivo-induced antigen technology for identification of Escherichia coli O157:H7 proteins expressed during human infection. Infect Immun. 2005;73(5):2665-79. doi:10.1128/IAI.73.5.2665-2679.2005  PMCID:PMC1087376  PMID:15845468  
  83. Johnson JR, Jelacic S, Schoening LM, Clabots C, Shaikh N, Mobley HL, Tarr PI. The IrgA homologue adhesin Iha is an Escherichia coli virulence factor in murine urinary tract infection. Infect Immun. 2005;73(2):965-71. doi:10.1128/IAI.73.2.965-971.2005  PMCID:PMC546986  PMID:15664939  
  84. Denno DM, Stapp JR, Boster DR, Qin X, Clausen CR, Del Beccaro KH, Swerdlow DL, Braden CR, Tarr PI. Etiology of diarrhea in pediatric outpatient settings. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005;24(2):142-8. PMID:15702043  
  85. Bielaszewska M, Tarr PI, Karch H, Zhang W, Mathys W. Phenotypic and molecular analysis of tellurite resistance among enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 and sorbitol-fermenting O157:NM clinical isolates. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43(1):452-4. doi:10.1128/JCM.43.1.452-454.2005  PMCID:PMC540173  PMID:15635013  
  86. Klein EJ, Stapp JR, Neill MA, Besser JM, Osterholm MT, Tarr PI. Shiga toxin antigen detection should not replace sorbitol MacConkey agar screening of stool specimens. J Clin Microbiol. 2004;42(9):4416; author reply 4416-7. doi:10.1128/JCM.42.9.4416-4417.2004  PMCID:PMC516334  PMID:15365063  
  87. Haack JP, Jelacic S, Besser TE, Weinberger E, Kirk DJ, McKee GL, Harrison SM, Musgrave KJ, Miller G, Price TH, Tarr PI. Escherichia coli O157 exposure in Wyoming and Seattle: serologic evidence of rural risk. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9(10):1226-31. doi:10.3201/eid0910.020254  PMCID:PMC3033090  PMID:14609456  
  88. Jelacic JK, Damrow T, Chen GS, Jelacic S, Bielaszewska M, Ciol M, Carvalho HM, Melton-Celsa AR, O'Brien AD, Tarr PI. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in Montana: bacterial genotypes and clinical profiles. J Infect Dis. 2003;188(5):719-29. doi:10.1086/376999  PMID:12934188  
  89. Johnson JR, Lockman HA, Owens K, Jelacic S, Tarr PI. High-frequency secondary mutations after suicide-driven allelic exchange mutagenesis in extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli. J Bacteriol. 2003;185(17):5301-5. PMCID:PMC180995  PMID:12923106  
  90. Shaikh N, Tarr PI. Escherichia coli O157:H7 Shiga toxin-encoding bacteriophages: integrations, excisions, truncations, and evolutionary implications. J Bacteriol. 2003;185(12):3596-605. PMCID:PMC156235  PMID:12775697  
  91. Albaqali A, Ghuloom A, Al Arrayed A, Al Ajami A, Shome DK, Jamsheer A, Al Mahroos H, Jelacic S, Tarr PI, Kaplan BS, Dhiman RK. Hemolytic uremic syndrome in association with typhoid fever. Am J Kidney Dis. 2003;41(3):709-13. doi:10.1053/ajkd.2003.50135  PMID:12612998  
  92. Thayu M, Chandler WL, Jelacic S, Gordon CA, Rosenthal GL, Tarr PI. Cardiac ischemia during hemolytic uremic syndrome. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003;18(3):286-9. doi:10.1007/s00467-002-1039-3  PMID:12644926  
  93. López-Saucedo C, Cerna JF, Villegas-Sepulveda N, Thompson R, Velazquez FR, Torres J, Tarr PI, Estrada-García T. Single multiplex polymerase chain reaction to detect diverse loci associated with diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9(1):127-31. doi:10.3201/eid0901.010507  PMCID:PMC2873745  PMID:12533296  
  94. Tarr CL, Large TM, Moeller CL, Lacher DW, Tarr PI, Acheson DW, Whittam TS. Molecular characterization of a serotype O121:H19 clone, a distinct Shiga toxin-producing clone of pathogenic Escherichia coli. Infect Immun. 2002;70(12):6853-9. PMCID:PMC133070  PMID:12438362  
  95. Smith JM, Jones F, Ciol MA, Jelacic S, Boster DR, Watkins SL, Williams GD, Tarr PI, Henderson WR Jr. Platelet-activating factor and Escherichia coliO157:H7 infections. Pediatr Nephrol. 2002;17(12):1047-52. doi:10.1007/s00467-002-0970-7  PMID:12478356  
  96. Klein EJ, Stapp JR, Clausen CR, Boster DR, Wells JG, Qin X, Swerdlow DL, Tarr PI. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in children with diarrhea: a prospective point-of-care study. J Pediatr. 2002;141(2):172-7. doi:10.1067/mpd.2002.125908  PMID:12183710  
  97. Lathem WW, Grys TE, Witowski SE, Torres AG, Kaper JB, Tarr PI, Welch RA. StcE, a metalloprotease secreted by Escherichia coli O157:H7, specifically cleaves C1 esterase inhibitor. Mol Microbiol. 2002;45(2):277-88. PMID:12123444  
  98. Cornick NA, Jelacic S, Ciol MA, Tarr PI. Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections: discordance between filterable fecal shiga toxin and disease outcome. J Infect Dis. 2002;186(1):57-63. doi:10.1086/341295  PMID:12089662  
  99. Johnson JR, Jerome C, Boster DR, Stapleton AE, Tarr PI. Analysis of urinary Escherichia coli isolates for ability to produce Shiga toxin. J Clin Microbiol. 2002;40(6):2247-8. PMCID:PMC130820  PMID:12037099  
  100. Jelacic S, Wobbe CL, Boster DR, Ciol MA, Watkins SL, Tarr PI, Stapleton AE. ABO and P1 blood group antigen expression and stx genotype and outcome of childhood Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections. J Infect Dis. 2002;185(2):214-9. doi:10.1086/338480  PMID:11807695  
  101. Chandler WL, Jelacic S, Boster DR, Ciol MA, Williams GD, Watkins SL, Igarashi T, Tarr PI. Prothrombotic coagulation abnormalities preceding the hemolytic-uremic syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2002;346(1):23-32. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa011033  PMID:11777999  
  102. Schmidt H, Zhang WL, Hemmrich U, Jelacic S, Brunder W, Tarr PI, Dobrindt U, Hacker J, Karch H. Identification and characterization of a novel genomic island integrated at selC in locus of enterocyte effacement-negative, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli. Infect Immun. 2001;69(11):6863-73. doi:10.1128/IAI.69.11.6863-6873.2001  PMCID:PMC100065  PMID:11598060  
  103. Sprouse JT, Wong CS, Chandler WL, Williams GD, Watkins SL, Tarr PI. Thrombogenic alleles, Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections, and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2001;12(4):283-8. PMID:11460012  
  104. Tsai HM, Chandler WL, Sarode R, Hoffman R, Jelacic S, Habeeb RL, Watkins SL, Wong CS, Williams GD, Tarr PI. von Willebrand factor and von Willebrand factor-cleaving metalloprotease activity in Escherichia coli O157:H7-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome. Pediatr Res. 2001;49(5):653-9. doi:10.1203/00006450-200105000-00008  PMID:11328948  
  105. Tarr PI, Schoening LM, Yea YL, Ward TR, Jelacic S, Whittam TS. Acquisition of the rfb-gnd cluster in evolution of Escherichia coli O55 and O157. J Bacteriol. 2000;182(21):6183-91. PMCID:PMC94755  PMID:11029441  
  106. Stapp JR, Jelacic S, Yea YL, Klein EJ, Fischer M, Clausen CR, Qin X, Swerdlow DL, Tarr PI. Comparison of Escherichia coli O157:H7 antigen detection in stool and broth cultures to that in sorbitol-MacConkey agar stool cultures. J Clin Microbiol. 2000;38(9):3404-6. PMCID:PMC87394  PMID:10970391  
  107. Wong CS, Jelacic S, Habeeb RL, Watkins SL, Tarr PI. The risk of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome after antibiotic treatment of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections. N Engl J Med. 2000;342(26):1930-6. doi:10.1056/NEJM200006293422601  PMID:10874060  
  108. Johnson JR, Russo TA, Tarr PI, Carlino U, Bilge SS, Vary JC Jr, Stell AL. Molecular epidemiological and phylogenetic associations of two novel putative virulence genes, iha and iroN(E. coli), among Escherichia coli isolates from patients with urosepsis. Infect Immun. 2000;68(5):3040-7. PMCID:PMC97527  PMID:10769012  
  109. Tarr PI, Bilge SS, Vary JC Jr, Jelacic S, Habeeb RL, Ward TR, Baylor MR, Besser TE. Iha: a novel Escherichia coli O157:H7 adherence-conferring molecule encoded on a recently acquired chromosomal island of conserved structure. Infect Immun. 2000;68(3):1400-7. PMCID:PMC97294  PMID:10678953  
  110. Lee DK, Tarr PI, Haigh WG, Lee SP. Bacterial DNA in mixed cholesterol gallstones. Am J Gastroenterol. 1999;94(12):3502-6. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.1999.01614.x  PMID:10606311  
  111. Kudva IT, Jelacic S, Tarr PI, Youderian P, Hovde CJ. Biocontrol of Escherichia coli O157 with O157-specific bacteriophages. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999;65(9):3767-73. PMCID:PMC99698  PMID:10473373  
  112. Tarr PI, Tran NT, Wilson RA. Escherichia coli O157:H7 in retail ground beef in Seattle: results of a one-year prospective study. J Food Prot. 1999;62(2):133-9. PMID:10030631  
  113. Schmidt H, Geitz C, Tarr PI, Frosch M, Karch H. Non-O157:H7 pathogenic Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli: phenotypic and genetic profiling of virulence traits and evidence for clonality. J Infect Dis. 1999;179(1):115-23. doi:10.1086/314537  PMID:9841830  
  114. Su C, Brandt LJ, Sigal SH, Alt E, Steinberg JJ, Patterson K, Tarr PI. The immunohistological diagnosis of E. coli O157:H7 colitis: possible association with colonic ischemia. Am J Gastroenterol. 1998;93(7):1055-9. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.1998.00328.x  PMID:9672329  
  115. Tarr PI, Clausen CR, Whittam TS, Wilson RA. Antibiotic resistance and O antigen expression in Escherichia coli. J Infect Dis. 1998;177(6):1774-5. PMID:9607874  
  116. Desmarchelier PM, Bilge SS, Fegan N, Mills L, Vary JC Jr, Tarr PI. A PCR specific for Escherichia coli O157 based on the rfb locus encoding O157 lipopolysaccharide. J Clin Microbiol. 1998;36(6):1801-4. PMCID:PMC104928  PMID:9620428  
  117. Brandt JR, Joseph MW, Fouser LS, Tarr PI, Zelikovic I, McDonald RA, Avner ED, McAfee NG, Watkins SL. Cholelithiasis following Escherichia coli O157:H7-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome. Pediatr Nephrol. 1998;12(3):222-5. PMID:9630042  
  118. Bell BP, Griffin PM, Lozano P, Christie DL, Kobayashi JM, Tarr PI. Predictors of hemolytic uremic syndrome in children during a large outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections. Pediatrics. 1997;100(1):E12. PMID:9200386  
  119. Bokete TN, Whittam TS, Wilson RA, Clausen CR, O'Callahan CM, Moseley SL, Fritsche TR, Tarr PI. Genetic and phenotypic analysis of Escherichia coli with enteropathogenic characteristics isolated from Seattle children. J Infect Dis. 1997;175(6):1382-9. PMID:9180177  
  120. Hancock DD, Besser TE, Rice DH, Herriott DE, Tarr PI. A longitudinal study of Escherichia coli O157 in fourteen cattle herds. Epidemiol Infect. 1997;118(2):193-5. PMCID:PMC2808780  PMID:9129597  
  121. Besser TE, Hancock DD, Pritchett LC, McRae EM, Rice DH, Tarr PI. Duration of detection of fecal excretion of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in cattle. J Infect Dis. 1997;175(3):726-9. PMID:9041355  
  122. Bilge SS, Vary JC Jr, Dowell SF, Tarr PI. Role of the Escherichia coli O157:H7 O side chain in adherence and analysis of an rfb locus. Infect Immun. 1996;64(11):4795-801. PMCID:PMC174447  PMID:8890241  
  123. Tarr PI, Fouser LS, Stapleton AE, Wilson RA, Kim HH, Vary JC Jr, Clausen CR. Hemolytic-uremic syndrome in a six-year-old girl after a urinary tract infection with Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli O103:H2. N Engl J Med. 1996;335(9):635-8. doi:10.1056/NEJM199608293350905  PMID:8687518  
  124. Tarr PI, Haas JE, Christie DL. Biliary atresia, cytomegalovirus, and age at referral. Pediatrics. 1996;97(6 Pt 1):828-31. PMID:8657522  
  125. Bensen ES, Jaffe KM, Tarr PI. Acute gastric dilatation in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: a case report and review of the literature. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1996;77(5):512-4. PMID:8629931  
  126. Grimm LM, Goldoft M, Kobayashi J, Lewis JH, Alfi D, Perdichizzi AM, Tarr PI, Ongerth JE, Moseley SL, Samadpour M. Molecular epidemiology of a fast-food restaurant-associated outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Washington State. J Clin Microbiol. 1995;33(8):2155-8. PMCID:PMC228354  PMID:7559967  
  127. Kim HH, Samadpour M, Grimm L, Clausen CR, Besser TE, Baylor M, Kobayashi JM, Neill MA, Schoenknecht FD, Tarr PI. Characteristics of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Washington State, 1984-1991. J Infect Dis. 1994;170(6):1606-9. PMID:7996005  
  128. Bell BP, Goldoft M, Griffin PM, Davis MA, Gordon DC, Tarr PI, Bartleson CA, Lewis JH, Barrett TJ, Wells JG. A multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7-associated bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome from hamburgers. The Washington experience. JAMA. 1994;272(17):1349-53. PMID:7933395  
  129. Cox GJ, Matsui SM, Lo RS, Hinds M, Bowden RA, Hackman RC, Meyer WG, Mori M, Tarr PI, Oshiro LS. Etiology and outcome of diarrhea after marrow transplantation: a prospective study. Gastroenterology. 1994;107(5):1398-407. PMID:7926504  
  130. Brandt JR, Fouser LS, Watkins SL, Zelikovic I, Tarr PI, Nazar-Stewart V, Avner ED. Escherichia coli O 157:H7-associated hemolytic-uremic syndrome after ingestion of contaminated hamburgers. J Pediatr. 1994;125(4):519-26. PMID:7931869  
  131. Hancock DD, Besser TE, Kinsel ML, Tarr PI, Rice DH, Paros MG. The prevalence of Escherichia coli O157.H7 in dairy and beef cattle in Washington State. Epidemiol Infect. 1994;113(2):199-207. PMCID:PMC2271540  PMID:7925659  
  132. Tarr PI. "4+ normal flora" (or is it?) J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1994;19(2):145-7. PMID:7815234  
  133. Samadpour M, Ongerth JE, Liston J, Tran N, Nguyen D, Whittam TS, Wilson RA, Tarr PI. Occurrence of Shiga-like toxin-producing Escherichia coli in retail fresh seafood, beef, lamb, pork, and poultry from grocery stores in Seattle, Washington. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1994;60(3):1038-40. PMCID:PMC201431  PMID:8161171  
  134. Samadpour M, Grimm LM, Desai B, Alfi D, Ongerth JE, Tarr PI. Molecular epidemiology of Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains by bacteriophage lambda restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis: application to a multistate foodborne outbreak and a day-care center cluster. J Clin Microbiol. 1993;31(12):3179-83. PMCID:PMC266372  PMID:7905882  
  135. Bokete TN, O'Callahan CM, Clausen CR, Tang NM, Tran N, Moseley SL, Fritsche TR, Tarr PI. Shiga-like toxin-producing Escherichia coli in Seattle children: a prospective study. Gastroenterology. 1993;105(6):1724-31. PMID:8253349  
  136. Paros M, Tarr PI, Kim H, Besser TE, Hancock DD. A comparison of human and bovine Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates by toxin genotype, plasmid profile, and bacteriophage lambda-restriction fragment length polymorphism profile. J Infect Dis. 1993;168(5):1300-3. PMID:8053998  
  137. Tarr PI, Weinberger E, Hatch EI Jr, Christie DL. Bacterial ileocecitis caused by Escherichia coli O157:H7. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1992;14(3):261-3. PMID:1619529  
  138. Montgomery KF, Osborn L, Hession C, Tizard R, Goff D, Vassallo C, Tarr PI, Bomsztyk K, Lobb R, Harlan JM. Activation of endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (ELAM-1) gene transcription. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991;88(15):6523-7. PMCID:PMC52118  PMID:1713680  
  139. Tarr PI, Neill MA, Clausen CR, Watkins SL, Christie DL, Hickman RO. Escherichia coli O157:H7 and the hemolytic uremic syndrome: importance of early cultures in establishing the etiology. J Infect Dis. 1990;162(2):553-6. PMID:2197346  
  140. Samadpour M, Liston J, Ongerth JE, Tarr PI. Evaluation of DNA probes for detection of Shiga-like-toxin-producing Escherichia coli in food and calf fecal samples. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1990;56(5):1212-5. PMCID:PMC184384  PMID:2187410  
  141. Ostroff SM, Tarr PI, Neill MA, Lewis JH, Hargrett-Bean N, Kobayashi JM. Toxin genotypes and plasmid profiles as determinants of systemic sequelae in Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections. J Infect Dis. 1989;160(6):994-8. PMID:2685131  
  142. Tarr PI, Neill MA, Allen J, Siccardi CJ, Watkins SL, Hickman RO. The increasing incidence of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome in King County, Washington: lack of evidence for ascertainment bias. Am J Epidemiol. 1989;129(3):582-6. PMID:2916551  
  143. Tarr PI, Neill MA, Clausen CR, Newland JW, Neill RJ, Moseley SL. Genotypic variation in pathogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolated from patients in Washington, 1984-1987. J Infect Dis. 1989;159(2):344-7. PMID:2644374  
  144. Tarr PI, Aline RF Jr, Smiley BL, Scholler J, Keithly J, Stuart K. LR1: a candidate RNA virus of Leishmania. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988;85(24):9572-5. PMCID:PMC282800  PMID:3200841  
  145. Tarr PI, Hickman RO. Hemolytic uremic syndrome epidemiology: a population-based study in King County, Washington, 1971 to 1980. Pediatrics. 1987;80(1):41-5. PMID:3601516  
  146. Neill MA, Tarr PI, Clausen CR, Christie DL, Hickman RO. Escherichia coli O157:H7 as the predominant pathogen associated with the hemolytic uremic syndrome: a prospective study in the Pacific Northwest. Pediatrics. 1987;80(1):37-40. PMID:3299236  
  147. Tarr PI, Hosea SW, Brown EJ, Schneerson R, Sutton A, Frank MM. The requirement of specific anticapsular IgG for killing of Haemophilus influenzae by the alternative pathway of complement activation. J Immunol. 1982;128(4):1772-5. PMID:6977569  
  148. Wright K, Tarr PI, Hickman RO, Guthrie RD. Hyperbilirubinemia secondary to delayed absorption of intraperitoneal blood following intrauterine transfusion. J Pediatr. 1982;100(2):302-4. PMID:7199084  
  149. Tarr PI, Peter G. Demographic factors in the epidemiology of hemophilus influenzae meningitis in young children. J Pediatr. 1978;92(6):884-8. PMID:660353  
  150. Riley ID, Tarr PI, Andrews M, Pfeiffer M, Howard R, Challands P, Jennison G. Immunisation with a polyvalent pneumococcal vaccine. Reduction of adult respiratory mortality in a New Guinea Highlands community. Lancet. 1977;1(8026):1338-41. PMID:69058  
  151. Lee YH, Tarr PI, Schumacher JR, Rosner B, Alpert S, McCormack WM. Reevaluation of the role of T-mycoplasmas in nongonococcal urethritis. J Am Vener Dis Assoc. 1976;3(1):25-8. PMID:1010763  
  152. Tarr PI, Lee YH, Alpert S, Schumacher JR, Zinner SH, McCormack WM. Comparison of methods for the isolation of genital mycoplasmas from men. J Infect Dis. 1976;133(4):419-23. PMID:772129  
  153. Simon HB, Tarr PI, Hutter AM Jr, Erdmann AJ 3rd. Primary meningococcal pericarditis. Diagnosis by counter-current immunoelectrophoresis. JAMA. 1976;235(3):278-80. PMID:811823  
  154. Duanćić A, Fiumara NJ, Alpert S, Lee YH, Tarr PI, Rosner B, McCormack WM. Comparison of spectinomycin hydrochloride and aqueous procaine penicillin G in the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhea. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1974;6(4):512-5. PMCID:PMC444681  PMID:4157355