George F. Van Hare, M.D.  vanhareg@wustl.edu

The Louis Larrick Ward Professor of Pediatrics
Patient Oriented Research UnitCardiology

phone: (314) 454-6095

Clinical Interests

Dr. Van Hare is the Director of the David Goldring Division of Pediatric Cardiology, as well as the Co-Director of the St. Louis Children's and Washington University Heart Center. The Heart Center is a multi-disciplinary program which involves all the professionals at the School of Medicine and St. Louis Children's Hospital who participate in the care of children with heart disease of any type. Dr. Van Hare's main clinical interest is in the area of heart rhythm disorders in children as well as in adults with congenital heart disease. He has been active in the field of pediatric electrophysiology since 1988 and has been a leader in the development of new methods for the management of arrhythmias, especially radiofrequency catheter ablation and cryoablation. The program at the Heart Center is a high-volume pediatric electrophysiology center, which also offers pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation and follow-up, and the diagnosis and management of inherited arrhythmias such as the long QT syndrome.

Education

  • MD, University of Connecticut, 1980
  • BS, Magna cum laude, Bates College1980

Training

  • Resident in Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University1980 - 1983
  • Chief Resident in Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University1983 - 1984
  • Fellow, General Academic Pediatrics, Cleveland Metropolitan General Hospital1984 - 1986
  • Fellow, Pediatric Cardiology, University of California1986 - 1989
  • Fellow, Adult Electrophysiology, University of California1988 - 1988
  • Visiting Fellow, Pediatric Electrophysiology, Baylor College of Medicine1989 - 1989
  • Leadership Development for Physicians in Academic Health Centers, Harvard University2008 - 2008

Licensure and Board Certification

  • National Board of Medical Examiners, #229416 1981
  • American Board of Pediatrics, #34706 1986
  • Certificate #128890 Fluoroscopy Supervisor, Radiologic Health Branch exp 2/29/2012 1986
  • MO, DEA 1986
  • American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology Subsection recertification (participating in Maintenance of Certification) 1988
  • International Board of Heart Rhythm Examiners (IBHRE) Pacing (MD) 2005
  • MO, BNDD 2008
  • Medicare UPIN #E71269 2008
  • National Provider Identification #1790707735 2008
  • MO, Missouri State Board of Registration for the Healing Arts 2008
  • IL, Illinois Division of Professional Regulation 2010
  • International Board of Heart Rhythm Examiners (IBHRE) Physician Electrophysiology (Pediatric-Founder) 2013
  • American Board of Internal Medicine: Adult Congenital Heart Disease 2015

Honors

  • Charles A. Dana Scholar, Bates College1973
  • Phi Beta Kappa1980
  • Postdoctoral Award for Excellence in Teaching, Department of Pediatrics, UCSF1988
  • Fellow of the American College of Cardiology (FACC)1991
  • Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics (FAAP)1999
  • Fellow of the Heart Rhythm Society (FHRS)2006

Recent Publications view all (142)


Publication Co-Authors

  1. Force-Sensing Catheters During Pediatric Radiofrequency Ablation: The FEDERATION Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017;6(5). PMID:28515113 
  2. Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve Implantation Alters Electrophysiologic Substrate. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016;5(10). PMID:27694326 
  3. Beta Blocker Therapy for Long QT Syndrome and Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia: Are all beta blockers equivalent? Heart Rhythm. 2016. PMID:27659101 
  4. Atrial tachycardia in an electrically dissociated native right atrium after heart transplantation. HeartRhythm Case Rep. 2016;2(4):356-359. PMCID:PMC5419896  PMID:28491709 
  5. Implantable Loop Recorder Monitoring for Refining Management of Children With Inherited Arrhythmia Syndromes. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016;5(6). doi:10.1161/JAHA.116.003632  PMID:27231019 
  6. Eligibility and Disqualification Recommendations for Competitive Athletes With Cardiovascular Abnormalities: Task Force 4: Congenital Heart Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology. Circulation. 2015;132(22):e281-91. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000240  PMID:26621645 
  7. Eligibility and Disqualification Recommendations for Competitive Athletes With Cardiovascular Abnormalities: Task Force 4: Congenital Heart Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2015.09.036  PMID:26542660 
  8. Task Force 4: Pediatric Cardiology Fellowship Training in Electrophysiology. SPCTPD/ACC/AAP/AHA. Circulation. 2015;132(6):e75-80. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000195  PMID:25769637 
  9. Task Force 4: Pediatric Cardiology Fellowship Training in Electrophysiology. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015;66(6):706-11. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2015.03.005  PMID:25777633 
  10. Reply to the Editor--Concern regarding adult congenital heart disease arrhythmia guidelines. Heart Rhythm. 2015;12(5):e33-4. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.01.018  PMID:25595925 
  11. Letter to the Editor--Detection of long QT syndrome in the community. Heart Rhythm. 2015. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.04.020  PMID:25896012 
  12. 2015 SPCTPD/ACC/AAP/AHA Training Guidelines for Pediatric Cardiology Fellowship Programs (Revision of the 2005 Training Guidelines for Pediatric Cardiology Fellowship Programs). J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2015.03.004  PMID:25777637 
  13. SPEAR Trial: Smartphone Pediatric ElectrocARdiogram Trial. PLoS One. 2015;10(8):e0136256. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0136256  PMID:26295569 
  14. Routine ECG screening in infancy and early childhood should not be performed. Heart Rhythm. 2014;11(12):2322-7. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2014.09.046  PMID:25239431 
  15. Electrophysiologic substrate in congenital Long QT syndrome: noninvasive mapping with electrocardiographic imaging (ECGI). Circulation. 2014;130(22):1936-43. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.011359  PMCID:PMC4245321  PMID:25294783 
  16. PACES/HRS expert consensus statement on the recognition and management of arrhythmias in adult congenital heart disease: developed in partnership between the Pediatric and Congenital Electrophysiology Society (PACES) and the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS). Endorsed by the governing bodies of PACES, HRS, the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), the Canadian Heart Rhythm Society (CHRS), and the International Society for Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ISACHD). Can J Cardiol. 2014;30(10):e1-e63. doi:10.1016/j.cjca.2014.09.002  PMID:25262867 
  17. Assessment of the 12-lead ECG as a screening test for detection of cardiovascular disease in healthy general populations of young people (12-25 Years of Age): a scientific statement from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology. Circulation. 2014. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000025  PMID:25223981 
  18. Assessment of the 12-lead electrocardiogram as a screening test for detection of cardiovascular disease in healthy general populations of young people (12-25 years of age): a scientific statement from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2014.05.006  PMID:25234655 
  19. Management of pediatric tachyarrhythmias on mechanical support. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2014. doi:10.1161/CIRCEP.113.000973  PMID:24987047 
  20. PACES/HRS Expert Consensus Statement on the Recognition and Management of Arrhythmias in Adult Congenital Heart Disease: Executive Summary Heart Rhythm. 2014. PMID:24814376 
  21. PACES/HRS Expert Consensus Statement on the Recognition and Management of Arrhythmias in Adult Congenital Heart Disease: developed in partnership between the Pediatric and Congenital Electrophysiology Society (PACES) and the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS). Endorsed by the governing bodies of PACES, HRS, the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), the Canadian Heart Rhythm Society (CHRS), and the International Society for Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ISACHD). Heart Rhythm. 2014. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2014.05.009  PMID:24814377 
  22. Assessment of intrathoracic impedance algorithm in the pediatric and adult congenital population. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2014. doi:10.1111/pace.12372  PMID:24646399 
  23. Fascicular and nonfascicular left ventricular tachycardias in the young: an international multicenter study. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2013;24(6):640-8. doi:10.1111/jce.12105  PMID:23437865 
  24. Promotion of physical activity for children and adults with congenital heart disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2013;127(21):2147-59. doi:10.1161/CIR.0b013e318293688f  PMID:23630128 
  25. Recommendations for advanced fellowship training in clinical pediatric and congenital electrophysiology: a report from the training and credentialing committee of the pediatric and congenital electrophysiology society. Heart Rhythm. 2013;10(5):775-81. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2013.03.040  PMID:23611645 
  26. 3:2 antegrade atrioventricular block with AV nodal reentrant tachycardia: what is the mechanism and where is the block? Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2012;35(7):877-9. doi:10.1111/j.1540-8159.2012.03420.x  PMID:22553974 
  27. Clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics of antidromic tachycardia in children with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2012;35(4):480-8. doi:10.1111/j.1540-8159.2011.03317.x  PMID:22324823 
  28. Unusually high association of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and complex heart defects in children with fasciculoventricular pathways. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2012;35(3):308-13. doi:10.1111/j.1540-8159.2011.03274.x  PMID:22242628 
  29. On the evolution of the fontan operation: from an electrophysiologist's perspective. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;56(11):897-8. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2010.03.078  PMID:20813286 
  30. Cryoablation with an 8-mm tip catheter for pediatric atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia is safe and efficacious with a low incidence of recurrence. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2010;33(6):681-6. doi:10.1111/j.1540-8159.2010.02706.x  PMID:20230479 
  31. Re: Propranolol treatment for hemangioma of infancy: risks and recommendations. Pediatr Dermatol. 2010;27(3):319-20; author reply 320-1. doi:10.1111/j.1525-1470.2010.01125.x  PMID:20609165 
  32. Management of postoperative pediatric cardiac arrhythmias: current state of the art. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2009;11(5):410-6. PMID:19846040 
  33. Pacing-induced electromechanical ventricular dyssynchrony does not acutely influence right ventricular function and global hemodynamics in children with normal hearts. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2009;20(5):539-44. doi:10.1111/j.1540-8167.2008.01354.x  PMID:19017336 
  34. Pediatric nonpost-operative junctional ectopic tachycardia medical management and interventional therapies. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009;53(8):690-7. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.11.019  PMID:19232902 
  35. Catheter ablation in transposition of the great arteries with Mustard or Senning baffles. Heart Rhythm. 2009;6(2):283-9. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2008.11.022  PMID:19187926 
  36. Is the mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia in pediatrics influenced by age, gender or ethnicity? Congenit Heart Dis. 2009;4(6):464-8. doi:10.1111/j.1747-0803.2009.00336.x  PMID:19925541 
  37. Acute effects of single-site pacing from the left and right ventricle on ventricular function and ventricular-ventricular interactions in children with normal hearts. Congenit Heart Dis. 2009;4(5):356-61. doi:10.1111/j.1747-0803.2009.00327.x  PMID:19740190 
  38. Cryoablation for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia in young patients: predictors of recurrence. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2008;31(9):1152-9. doi:10.1111/j.1540-8159.2008.01156.x  PMCID:PMC2567118  PMID:18834467 
  39. Results of a multicenter retrospective implantable cardioverter-defibrillator registry of pediatric and congenital heart disease patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008;51(17):1685-91. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.01.033  PMID:18436121 
  40. Developmental aspects of atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia. J Electrocardiol. 2008;41(6):480-2. doi:10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2008.06.016  PMID:18790500 
  41. The effects of dexmedetomidine on cardiac electrophysiology in children. Anesth Analg. 2008;106(1):79-83, table of contents. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000297421.92857.4e  PMID:18165557 
  42. Substrate mapping and catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia after right ventriculotomy. Circulation. 2007;116(20):2236-7. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.736934  PMID:17998468 
  43. Cryoablation of accessory pathways in the coronary sinus in young patients: a multicenter study from the Pediatric and Congenital Electrophysiology Society's Working Group on Cryoablation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2007;18(6):592-7. doi:10.1111/j.1540-8167.2007.00831.x  PMID:17472717 
  44. Prospective assessment after pediatric cardiac ablation: fate of intracardiac structure and function, as assessed by serial echocardiography. Am Heart J. 2007;153(5):815-20, 820.e1-6. doi:10.1016/j.ahj.2007.02.009  PMCID:PMC1950149  PMID:17452159 
  45. Cost effectiveness of neonatal ECG screening for the long QT syndrome. Eur Heart J. 2007;28(1):137; author reply137-9. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehl414  PMID:17158522 
  46. Advances in congenital long QT syndrome. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2006;18(5):497-502. doi:10.1097/01.mop.0000245349.30089.bf  PMID:16969163 
  47. Characterizing dual atrioventricular nodal physiology in pediatric patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2006;17(6):638-44. doi:10.1111/j.1540-8167.2006.00452.x  PMID:16836714 
  48. Cryoablation versus radiofrequency ablation for treatment of pediatric atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia: initial experience with 4-mm cryocatheter. Heart Rhythm. 2006;3(5):564-70. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2006.01.026  PMID:16648062 
  49. Cryoablation in pediatric atrioventricular nodal reentry: electrophysiologic effects on atrioventricular nodal conduction. Heart Rhythm. 2006;3(5):557-63. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2006.01.018  PMID:16648061 
  50. Catheter ablation in children and adolescents. Heart Rhythm. 2006;3(1):95-101. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2005.09.028  PMID:16399063 
  51. ACC/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. Pediatrics. 2005;116(6):1574-96. doi:10.1542/peds.2005-2097  PMID:16210422 
  52. The electrophysiology of atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia following the Mustard or Senning procedure and its radiofrequency ablation. Cardiol Young. 2005;15(6):611-6. doi:10.1017/S1047951105001782  PMID:16297255 
  53. ACCF/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association/American College of Physicians Task Force on Clinical Competence (ACC/AHA/AAP Writing Committee to Develop Training Recommendations for Pediatric Cardiology). Circulation. 2005;112(16):2555-80. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.170308  PMID:16230506 
  54. ACCF/AHA/AAP recommendations for training in pediatric cardiology. Task force 4: recommendations for training guidelines in pediatric cardiac electrophysiology endorsed by the Heart Rhythm Society. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005;46(7):1391-5. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2005.07.018  PMID:16198868 
  55. Irrigated catheter ablation of intraatrial reentrant tachycardia and evaluation of new technology. Heart Rhythm. 2005;2(7):706-7. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2005.04.003  PMID:15992725 
  56. Task Force 7: arrhythmias. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005;45(8):1354-63. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2005.02.014  PMID:15837287 
  57. Congenital junctional ectopic tachycardia and congenital complete atrioventricular block: a shared etiology? Heart Rhythm. 2005;2(3):313-5. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2004.11.016  PMID:15851326 
  58. Risk stratification for prophylactic ablation in asymptomatic Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2005;352(1):92-3; author reply 92-3. doi:10.1056/NEJM200501063520118  PMID:15635121 
  59. AHA scientific statement: practice standards for electrocardiographic monitoring in hospital settings: an American Heart Association Scientific Statement from the Councils on Cardiovascular Nursing, Clinical Cardiology, and Cardiovascular Disease in the Young: endorsed by the International Society of Computerized electrocardiology and the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2005;20(2):76-106. PMID:15855856 
  60. Practice standards for electrocardiographic monitoring in hospital settings: an American Heart Association scientific statement from the Councils on Cardiovascular Nursing, Clinical Cardiology, and Cardiovascular Disease in the Young: endorsed by the International Society of Computerized Electrocardiology and the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. Circulation. 2004;110(17):2721-46. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000145144.56673.59  PMID:15505110 
  61. Advances in the approach to treatment of supraventricular tachycardia in the pediatric population. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2004;6(5):322-6. PMID:15306087 
  62. Prospective assessment after pediatric cardiac ablation: recurrence at 1 year after initially successful ablation of supraventricular tachycardia. Heart Rhythm. 2004;1(2):188-96. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2004.03.067  PMCID:PMC1892227  PMID:15851152 
  63. Prospective assessment after pediatric cardiac ablation: demographics, medical profiles, and initial outcomes. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2004;15(7):759-70. doi:10.1046/j.1540-8167.2004.03645.x  PMID:15250858 
  64. Usefulness of a ventricular extrastimulus from the summit of the ventricular septum in diagnosis of septal accessory pathway in patients with supraventricular tachycardia. Am J Cardiol. 2004;93(5):643-6. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2003.11.041  PMID:14996601 
  65. Atrial tachyarrhythmias and permanent pacing after pediatric heart transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2003;22(10):1126-33. PMID:14550822 
  66. The use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in pediatric patients awaiting heart transplantation. J Card Fail. 2003;9(5):375-9. PMID:14583898 
  67. Electrical resynchronization: a novel therapy for the failing right ventricle. Circulation. 2003;107(18):2287-9. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000070930.33499.9F  PMID:12732607 
  68. Survey of current practice of pediatric electrophysiologists for asymptomatic Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Pediatrics. 2003;111(3):e245-7. PMID:12612279 
  69. Identification and characterization of atrioventricular parasympathetic innervation in humans. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2002;13(8):735-9. PMID:12212688 
  70. Microvolt T wave alternans inducibility in normal newborn puppies: effects of development. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2002;13(6):593-8. PMID:12108504 
  71. NASPE Expert Consensus Conference: Radiofrequency catheter ablation in children with and without congenital heart disease. Report of the writing committee. North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2002;25(6):1000-17. PMID:12137336 
  72. Use of electrophysiologic testing to assess risk in children with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Cardiol Young. 2002;12(3):248-52. PMID:12365171 
  73. Prospective assessment after pediatric cardiac ablation: design and implementation of the multicenter study. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2002;25(3):332-41. PMCID:PMC2034523  PMID:11990663 
  74. Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia in children: effect of slow pathway ablation on fast pathway function. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2002;13(3):203-9. PMID:11942583 
  75. Clinical outcomes of children with normal cardiac anatomy having radiofrequency catheter ablation > or =10 years earlier. Am J Cardiol. 2002;89(4):471-5. PMID:11835935 
  76. Invasive electrophysiology in children: state of the art. J Electrocardiol. 2002;35 Suppl:165-74. doi:10.1054/jelc.2002.37175  PMID:12539115 
  77. Electrophysiological effects of ibutilide in patients with accessory pathways. Circulation. 2001;104(16):1933-9. PMID:11602497 
  78. Survey of current practices in use of amiodarone and implantable cardioverter defibrillators in pediatric patients with end-stage heart failure. Am J Cardiol. 2001;88(7):809-10. PMID:11589857 
  79. Intra-atrial reentry tachycardia in pediatric patients. Prog Pediatr Cardiol. 2001;13(1):41-52. PMID:11413057 
  80. Endocardial stimulation of efferent parasympathetic nerves to the atrioventricular node in humans: optimal stimulation sites and the effects of digoxin. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2001;5(2):145-52. PMID:11342750 
  81. Task force 4: organization of delivery systems for adults with congenital heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001;37(5):1187-93. PMID:11300421 
  82. Congenital heart block: development of late-onset cardiomyopathy, a previously underappreciated sequela. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001;37(1):238-42. PMID:11153745 
  83. Reentrant tachycardia using two discrete atrioventricular nodes and a concealed atriofascicular pathway. Pediatr Cardiol. 2001;22(5):400-2. doi:10.1007/s002460010260  PMID:11526416 
  84. Importance of atrial flutter isthmus in postoperative intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia. Circulation. 2000;102(11):1283-9. PMID:10982544 
  85. An updated medical position statement of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2000;31(3):232-3. PMID:10997363 
  86. Radiofrequency catheter ablation: indications and complications. Pediatr Cardiol. 2000;21(6):551-6. doi:10.1007/s002460010133  PMID:11050279 
  87. Advances in the treatment of cardiac rhythm disturbances. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1999;11(5):433-6. PMID:10555596 
  88. Characterization of sinoatrial parasympathetic innervation in humans. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1999;10(8):1060-5. PMID:10466486 
  89. The use of cisapride in children. The North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1999;28(5):529-33. PMID:10328132 
  90. Paroxysmal long RP tachycardia in a three year old: what is the rhythm? J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1999;10(2):261-2. PMID:10090230 
  91. Preexcitation secondary to fasciculoventricular pathways in children: a report of three cases. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1999;10(1):36-42. PMID:9930907 
  92. Electrical-anatomic correlations between typical atrial flutter and intra-atrial re-entry following atrial surgery. J Electrocardiol. 1998;30 Suppl:77-84. PMID:9535484 
  93. Severe cyanosis in a newborn after transvenous pacing wire placement. Pediatr Cardiol. 1998;19(2):168-70. doi:10.1007/s002469900270  PMID:9565511 
  94. Electrical/ablational therapeutic cardiac catheterization. Pediatr Cardiol. 1998;19(1):95-105; discussion 106. doi:10.1007/s002469900254  PMID:9396854 
  95. Indications for radiofrequency ablation in the pediatric population. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1997;8(8):952-62. PMID:9261722 
  96. Radiofrequency ablation of accessory pathways associated with congenital heart disease. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1997;20(8 Pt 2):2077-81. PMID:9272513 
  97. Atrial flutter: an uncommon pediatric manifestation of hyperthyroidism. Pediatrics. 1997;100(2):E11. PMID:9233982 
  98. Selective catheter ablation of the tachycardia focus in patients with nonreentrant junctional tachycardia. Am J Cardiol. 1996;78(11):1292-7. PMID:8960595 
  99. Electrophysiologic study and radiofrequency ablation in patients with intracardiac tumors and accessory pathways: is the tumor the pathway? J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1996;7(12):1204-10. PMID:8985809 
  100. Mapping and radiofrequency ablation of intraatrial reentrant tachycardia after the Senning or Mustard procedure for transposition ofthe great arteries. Am J Cardiol. 1996;77(11):985-91. PMID:8644650 
  101. Occult T wave alternans in long QT syndrome. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 1996;7(2):144-8. PMID:8853024 
  102. Ablation of 'incisional' reentrant atrial tachycardia complicating surgery for congenital heart disease. Use of entrainment to define a critical isthmus of conduction. Circulation. 1996;93(3):502-12. PMID:8565168 
  103. Use of P wave configuration during atrial tachycardia to predict site of origin. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1995;26(5):1315-24. doi:10.1016/0735-1097(95)00307-X  PMID:7594049 
  104. The learning curve for radiofrequency ablation of tachyarrhythmias in pediatric patients. Participating members of the Pediatric Electrophysiology Society. Am J Cardiol. 1995;75(8):587-90. PMID:7887383 
  105. Migration of an epicardial pacemaker to the pericardial space in an infant. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1994;17(11 Pt 1):1808-10. PMID:7838791 
  106. Clinical and electrophysiologic spectrum of fascicular tachycardias. Am Heart J. 1994;128(1):147-56. PMID:8017268 
  107. Follow-up of radiofrequency catheter ablation in children: results in 100 consecutive patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994;23(7):1651-9. PMID:8195527 
  108. Radiofrequency catheter ablation for tachyarrhythmias in children and adolescents. The Pediatric Electrophysiology Society. N Engl J Med. 1994;330(21):1481-7. doi:10.1056/NEJM199405263302103  PMID:8164700 
  109. Status of ablation in patients with atrial tachycardia and flutter. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1994;17(5 Pt 2):1026-33. PMID:7518590 
  110. Radiofrequency catheter ablation as a cure for idiopathic tachycardia of both left and right ventricular origin. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994;23(6):1333-41. PMID:8176091 
  111. Atrial flutter-fibrillation resulting from left atrial compression by an intrapericardial lipoma. Am Heart J. 1994;127(4 Pt 1):950-1. PMID:8154443 
  112. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial arrhythmias. Results and mechanisms. Circulation. 1994;89(3):1074-89. PMID:8124793 
  113. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias in pediatric patients. Adv Pediatr. 1994;41:83-109. PMID:7992697 
  114. Bacterial polysaccharide immune globulin for prophylaxis of acute otitis media in high-risk children. J Pediatr. 1993;123(5):801-10. PMID:8229496 
  115. Radiofrequency catheter ablation of supraventricular arrhythmias in patients with congenital heart disease: results and technical considerations. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993;22(3):883-90. PMID:8354828 
  116. Comparison of the retrograde and transseptal methods for ablation of left free wall accessory pathways. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993;22(2):542-9. PMID:8335827 
  117. The long QT syndrome in children. An international study of 287 patients. Circulation. 1993;87(6):1866-72. PMID:8099317 
  118. Curing reentrant atrial arrhythmias. Targeting protected zones of slow conduction by catheter ablation. J Electrocardiol. 1993;26 Suppl:194-203. PMID:8189124 
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