Mark J. Manary, M.D.  manary@kids.wustl.edu

Professor of Pediatrics, Emergency Medicine
Patient Oriented Research UnitEmergency Medicine

phone: (314) 454-2341

Education

  • BS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology1977
  • MD, Washington University School of Medicine1982

Training

  • Internship and Residency, St. Louis Children's Hospital1982 - 1985

Licensure and Board Certification

  • MO, Medical License 1984
  • American Board of Pediatrics 1988
  • Pediatric Advanced Life Support 1989
  • Pediatric Advanced Life Support - Affiliate Faculty 1989
  • Sexual Assault Forensic Examination (S.A.F.E.) - Provider 1989
  • American Board of Pediatrics, Subspecialty Pediatric Emergency Medicine 1994

Honors

  • CIBA Award of Community Service1980
  • St. Louis Pediatric Society Award1982
  • Fulbright Scholar1994 - 1995
  • Academic Humanitarian Physician of the Year, American Association of Medical Colleges2004
  • AOA Member, Washington University Chapter2005
  • Outstanding Graduate Student Mentor Award, Washington University Graduate Student Senate2006
  • Excellence in Pediatrics Award, St. Louis Pediatric Society2007
  • Rose Award for Community Education, St. Louis County Public Schools2007
  • Washington University Distinguished Alumni Faculty Award2007
  • Distinuished Community Service Award, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine2012
  • Named as a WHO Expert Advisory on the Management of Malnutrition in Children2012

Recent Publications view all (141)


Publication Co-Authors

  1. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction and Growth Failure/Stunting in Global Child Health. Pediatrics. 2016;138(6). PMCID:Pii: e20160641  
  2. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction is Associated With Poor Linear Growth and Can Be Identified by Host Fecal mRNAs. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016;63(5):453-459. PMID:27347722 
  3. How Maternal Malnutrition Affects Linear Growth and Development in the Offspring. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2016;435:40-47. PMID:26820126 
  4. Metabolomic Changes in Serum of Children with Different Clinical Diagnoses of Malnutrition J Nutr. 2016. PMID:27807038 
  5. Perspective: The Potential Role of Essential Amino Acids and the Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 (mTORCI) Pathway in the Pathogenesis of Child Stunting Adv Nutr. 2016;7(5):853-865. PMID:27633102 
  6. Antibiotics As Part of the Management of Severe Acute Malnutrition. Malawi Med J. 2016;28(3):123-130. 
  7. Amoxicillin for Severe Acute Malnutrition in Children. N Engl J Med. 2016;275(2):191. 
  8. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction is Associated with Altered Bile Acid Metabolism. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2016;104(1):191-197. PMID:27322559 
  9. The Association of Serum Choline With Linear Growth Failure in Young Children From Rural Malawi. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016;104(1):191-197. PMID:27281303 
  10. An Important Chapter in the Infection-Malnutrition Story Lancet Glob Health. 2016;4(7):e430-e431. PMID:27289200 
  11. Metabolic Alterations in Children With Environmental Enteric Dysfunction. Sci Rep. 2016;6:28009. PMCID:PMC4904796  PMID:27294788 
  12. Droplet digital PCR Quantifies Host Inflammatory Transcripts in Feces Reliably and Reproducibly Cell Immunol. 2016;303:43-49. PMID:27063479 
  13. Child Stunting is Associated with Low Circulating Essential Amino Acids. EBioMedicine. 2016;6:246-452. PMCID:PMC4856740  PMID:27211567 
  14. Including Whey Protein and Whey Permeate in Ready-To-Use Supplementary Food Improves Recovery Rates in Children With Moderate Acute Malnutrition: A Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016;103(3):926-933. doi:10.3945/ajcn.115.124636  PMID:26864368 
  15. New Insights Into Environmental Enteric Dysfunction. Arch Dis Child. 2016;101(8):741-744. PMID:26933151 
  16. Protein Quality and Growth in Malnourished Children Food Nutr Bull. 2016;37 Suppl 1:S29-S36. PMID:26857118 
  17. Gut Bacteria That Prevent Growth Impairments Transmitted by Microbiota from Malnourished Children. Science. 2016;351(6275). PMCID:PMC4787260  PMID:26912898 
  18. Protein Quality and Growth in Malnourished Children. Food Nutr Bull. 2016. doi:10.1177/0379572116629023  PMID:26857118 
  19. Environmental Enteric Dysfunction Includes a Broad Spectrum of Inflammatory Responses and Epithelial Repair Processes. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016;2(2):158-174.e1. doi:10.1016/j.jcmgh.2015.12.002  PMCID:PMC4769221  PMID:26973864 
  20. Acceptability of locally produced ready-to-use therapeutic foods in Ethiopia, Ghana, Pakistan and India. Matern Child Nutr. 2016. doi:10.1111/mcn.12250  PMID:26776270 
  21. Increased Exclusivity of Breastfeeding Associated with Reduced Gut Inflammation in Infants. Breastfeed Med. 2015;10:488-492. doi:10.1089/bfm.2015.0110  PMID:26594906 
  22. Common beans and cowpeas as complementary foods to reduce environmental enteric dysfunction and stunting in Malawian children: study protocol for two randomized controlled trials. Trials. 2015;16(1):520. doi:10.1186/s13063-015-1027-0  PMCID:PMC4650393  PMID:26578308 
  23. Severe and Moderate Acute Malnutrition Can Be Successfully Managed with an Integrated Protocol in Sierra Leone. J Nutr. 2015;145(11):2604-2609. doi:10.3945/jn.115.214957  PMID:26423737 
  24. Gut DNA viromes of Malawian twins discordant for severe acute malnutrition. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015;112(38):11941-11946. doi:10.1073/pnas.1514285112  PMCID:PMC4586842  PMID:26351661 
  25. The effect of dietary resistant starch type 2 on the microbiota and markers of gut inflammation in rural Malawi children. Microbiome. 2015;3:37. doi:10.1186/s40168-015-0102-9  PMCID:PMC4558878  PMID:26334878 
  26. Effect of emulsifier and viscosity on oil separation in ready-to-use therapeutic food. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2015;66(6):642-648. doi:10.3109/09637486.2015.1077784  PMID:26299733 
  27. High-Oleic Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food Maintains Docosahexaenoic Acid Status in Severe Malnutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015;61(1):138-143. doi:10.1097/MPG.0000000000000741  PMCID:PMC4483140  PMID:25633498 
  28. Plasma Endotoxin Core Antibody Concentration and Linear Growth are Unrelated in Rural Malawian Children Aged 2-5 Years. BMC Res Notes. 2015;8:258. doi:10.1186/s13104-015-1238-1  PMCID:PMC4477295  PMID:26103960 
  29. Balancing Omega-6 and Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Ready-To-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF). BMC Med. 2015;13:117. doi:10.1186/s12916-015-0352-1  PMCID:PMC4433071  PMID:25980919 
  30. Recent advances in immunotherapy and vaccine development for peanut allergy. Ther Adv Vaccines. 2015;3(3):55-65. doi:10.1177/2051013615591739  PMCID:PMC4530404  PMID:26288733 
  31. Diagnosis and treatment of severely malnourished children with diarrhoea. J Paediatr Child Health. 2015;51(4):387-395. doi:10.1111/jpc.12711  PMID:25196813 
  32. Resistant starch does not affect zinc homeostasis in rural Malawian children. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2015;30:43-48. doi:10.1016/j.jtemb.2015.01.005  PMID:25744509 
  33. Extending supplementary feeding for children younger than 5 years with moderate acute malnutrition leads to lower relapse rates. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015;60(4):544-549. doi:10.1097/MPG.0000000000000639  PMCID:PMC4380557  PMID:25419681 
  34. Management of severe acute malnutrition in low-income and middle-income countries. Arch Dis Child. 2015;100(3):283-287. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-306026  PMID:25421910 
  35. Ready-to-use foods for management of moderate acute malnutrition: considerations for scaling up production and use in programs. Food Nutr Bull. 2015;36(1 Suppl):S59-S64. PMID:25902616 
  36. Possible role of the microbiome in the development of acute malnutrition and implications for food-based strategies to prevent and treat acute malnutrition. Food Nutr Bull. 2015;36(1 Suppl):S72-S75. PMID:25902618 
  37. Developing food supplements for moderately malnourished children: lessons learned from ready-to-use therapeutic foods. Food Nutr Bull. 2015;36(1 Suppl):S53-S58. PMID:25902615 
  38. Functional characterization of IgA-targeted bacterial taxa from undernourished Malawian children that produce diet-dependent enteropathy. Sci Transl Med. 2015;7(276):276ra24. doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aaa4877  PMCID:PMC4423598  PMID:25717097 
  39. A comprehensive linear programming tool to optimize formulations of ready-to-use therapeutic foods: an application to Ethiopia. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100(6):1551-1558. doi:10.3945/ajcn.114.090670  PMID:25411290 
  40. Multiple micronutrient supplementation transiently ameliorates environmental enteropathy in Malawian children aged 12-35 months in a randomized controlled clinical trial. J Nutr. 2014;144(12):2059-2065. doi:10.3945/jn.114.201673  PMID:25411039 
  41. Home-based therapy for severe acute malnutrition with ready-to-use food. Paediatr Int Child Health. 2014;34(4):266-270. doi:10.1179/2046905514Y.0000000135  PMID:25066618 
  42. Zinc deficiency in children with environmental enteropathy-development of new strategies: report from an expert workshop. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100(4):1198-1207. doi:10.3945/ajcn.113.075036  PMCID:PMC4163797  PMID:25240082 
  43. Zinc or albendazole attenuates the progression of environmental enteropathy: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014;12(9):1507-1513.e1. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2014.01.024  PMID:24462483 
  44. Growth and HIV-free survival of HIV-exposed infants in Malawi: a randomized trial of two complementary feeding interventions in the context of maternal antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014;66(2):181-187. doi:10.1097/QAI.0000000000000150  PMID:24662296 
  45. Providing lipid-based nutrient supplements does not affect developmental milestones among Malawian children. Acta Paediatr. 2014;103(1):e17-26. doi:10.1111/apa.12443  PMID:24118040 
  46. Review of the safety and efficacy of vitamin A supplementation in the treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition. Nutr J. 2013;12:125-139. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-12-125  PMCID:PMC3850897  PMID:24028603 
  47. Antibiotics for uncomplicated severe malnutrition. N Engl J Med. 2013;368(25):2436-2437. doi:10.1056/NEJMc1304407  PMID:23782188 
  48. Discovery of STL polyomavirus, a polyomavirus of ancestral recombinant origin that encodes a unique T antigen by alternative splicing. Virology. 2013;436(2):295-303. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2012.12.005  PMCID:PMC3693558  PMID:23276405 
  49. Children successfully treated for moderate acute malnutrition remain at risk for malnutrition and death in the subsequent year after recovery. J Nutr. 2013;143(2):215-220. doi:10.3945/jn.112.168047  PMID:23256140 
  50. Gut microbiomes of Malawian twin pairs discordant for kwashiorkor. Science. 2013;339(6119):548-554. doi:10.1126/science.1229000  PMCID:PMC3667500  PMID:23363771 
  51. Antibiotics as part of the management of severe acute malnutrition. N Engl J Med. 2013;368(5):425-435. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1202851  PMCID:PMC3654668  PMID:23363496 
  52. Investigation of food acceptability and feeding practices for lipid nutrient supplements and blended flours used to treat moderate malnutrition. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2013;45(3):258-263. doi:10.1016/j.jneb.2012.08.001  PMCID:PMC3644177  PMID:23246175 
  53. Detection of low-concentration host mRNA transcripts in Malawian children at risk for environmental enteropathy. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013;56(1):66-71. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e31826a107a  PMID:22832511 
  54. Abnormal gut integrity is associated with reduced linear growth in rural Malawian children. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012;55(6):747-750. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182650a4d  PMID:22732897 
  55. Identification of MW polyomavirus, a novel polyomavirus in human stool. J Virol. 2012;86(19):10321-10326. doi:10.1128/JVI.01210-12  PMCID:PMC3457274  PMID:22740408 
  56. Recognition of depression in the elderly: a comparison of general practitioner opinions and the Geriatric Depression Scale. J Agricultural Food Chemistry. 2012;60:3861-3866. PMID:2245889 
  57. Human gut microbiome viewed across age and geography. Nature. 2012;486(7402):222-227. doi:10.1038/nature11053  PMCID:PMC3376388  PMID:22699611 
  58. Developmental outcomes among 18-month-old Malawians after a year of complementary feeding with lipid-based nutrient supplements or corn-soy flour. Matern Child Nutr. 2012;8(2):239-248. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2011.00294.x  PMID:21342456 
  59. Prompt initiation of ART With therapeutic food is associated with improved outcomes in HIV-infected Malawian children with malnutrition. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012;59(2):173-176. doi:10.1097/QAI.0b013e3182405f8f  PMID:22107819 
  60. A novel fortified blended flour, corn-soy blend "plus-plus," is not inferior to lipid-based ready-to-use supplementary foods for the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in Malawian children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;95(1):212-219. doi:10.3945/ajcn.111.022525  PMCID:PMC3238461  PMID:22170366 
  61. Monitoring the adequacy of catch-up growth among moderately malnourished children receiving home-based therapy using mid-upper arm circumference in southern Malawi. Matern Child Health J. 2011;15(7):980-984. doi:10.1007/s10995-010-0569-8  PMID:20082126 
  62. Acceptability of three novel lipid-based nutrient supplements among Malawian infants and their caregivers. Matern Child Nutr. 2011;7(4):368-377. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2011.00297.x  PMID:21518250 
  63. The Devil Is In the Details Nutr Rev. 2011;69(2):116-117. 
  64. The duration of diarrhea and fever is associated with growth faltering in rural Malawian children aged 6-18 months. Nutr J. 2011;10(1):25-29. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-25  PMCID:PMC3068082  PMID:21418600 
  65. The BioCassava plus program: biofortification of cassava for sub-Saharan Africa. Annu Rev Plant Biol. 2011;62:251-272. doi:10.1146/annurev-arplant-042110-103751  PMID:21526968 
  66. Season of conception in rural gambia affects DNA methylation at putative human metastable epialleles. PLoS Genet. 2010;6(12):e1001252. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1001252  PMCID:PMC3009670  PMID:21203497 
  67. A ready-to-use therapeutic food containing 10% milk is less effective than one with 25% milk in the treatment of severely malnourished children. J Nutr. 2010;140(12):2248-2252. doi:10.3945/jn.110.123828  PMCID:PMC2981006  PMID:20980648 
  68. A reduced phytate diet does not reduce endogenous fecal zinc in children on a habitual high-phytate diet. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010;51(5):678-679. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e3181e536f7  PMID:20818269 
  69. Evaluation of the routine use of amoxicillin as part of the home-based treatment of severe acute malnutrition. Trop Med Int Health. 2010;15(9):1022-1028. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02580.x  PMCID:PMC2962695  PMID:20545919 
  70. Perturbed zinc homeostasis in rural 3-5-y-old Malawian children is associated with abnormalities in intestinal permeability attributed to tropical enteropathy. Pediatr Res. 2010;67(6):671-675. doi:10.1203/PDR.0b013e3181da44dc  PMID:20496476 
  71. Supplementary feeding in the care of the wasted HIV infected patient. Malawi Med J. 2010;22(2):46-48. PMCID:PMC3345755  PMID:21614881 
  72. The benefit of supplementary feeding for wasted Malawian adults initiating ART. AIDS Care. 2010;22(6):737-742. doi:10.1080/09540120903373581  PMID:20467944 
  73. Monitoring the Adequacy of Catch-Up Growth Among Moderately Malnourished Children Receiving Home-Based Therapy Using Mid-Upper Arm Circumference in Southern Malawi Matern Child Health J. 2010. PMID:20422271 
  74. Children consuming cassava as a staple food are at risk for inadequate zinc, iron, and vitamin A intake. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2010;65(1):64-70. doi:10.1007/s11130-010-0157-5  PMCID:PMC2840668  PMID:20165984 
  75. Consuming cassava as a staple food places children 2-5 years old at risk for inadequate protein intake, an observational study in Kenya and Nigeria. Nutr J. 2010;9:9. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-9-9  PMCID:PMC2837613  PMID:20187960 
  76. Locally produced ready-to-use supplementary food is an effective treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in an operational setting. Ann Trop Paediatr. 2010;30(2):103-108. doi:10.1179/146532810X12703901870651  PMID:20522296 
  77. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of rifaximin, a nonabsorbable antibiotic, in the treatment of tropical enteropathy. Am J Gastroenterol. 2009;104(9):2326-2333. doi:10.1038/ajg.2009.270  PMCID:PMC2758482  PMID:19491826 
  78. Kwashiorkor: more hypothesis testing is needed to understand the aetiology of oedema. Malawi Med J. 2009;21(3):106-107. PMCID:PMC3717490  PMID:20345018 
  79. Supplementary feeding with either ready-to-use fortified spread or corn-soy blend in wasted adults starting antiretroviral therapy in Malawi: randomised, investigator blinded, controlled trial. BMJ. 2009;338:b1867. PMCID:PMC2685879  PMID:19465470 
  80. Supplementary feeding with fortified spreads results in higher recovery rates than with a corn/soy blend in moderately wasted children. J Nutr. 2009;139(4):773-778. doi:10.3945/jn.108.104018  PMCID:PMC3151028  PMID:19225128 
  81. The use of home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat malnutrition in a rural area during a food crisis. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(3):464-467. doi:10.1016/j.jada.2008.11.028  PMID:19248863 
  82. Postintervention growth of Malawian children who received 12-mo dietary complementation with a lipid-based nutrient supplement or maize-soy flour. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;89(1):382-90. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.26483  PMID:19056572 
  83. Management of acute moderate and severe childhood malnutrition. BMJ. 2008;337:a2180. PMID:19008271 
  84. Complementary feeding with fortified spread and incidence of severe stunting in 6- to 18-month-old rural Malawians. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008;162(7):619-626. doi:10.1001/archpedi.162.7.619  PMCID:PMC3721756  PMID:18606932 
  85. Case management of HIV-infected severely malnourished children: challenges in the area of highest prevalence. Lancet. 2008;371(9620):1305-1307. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60565-6  PMID:18406865 
  86. Nutrition interventions need improved operational capacity. Lancet. 2008;371(9608):181-182. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61691-2  PMID:18207567 
  87. Feeding patterns of underweight children in rural Malawi given supplementary fortified spread at home. Matern Child Nutr. 2008;4(1):65-73. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2007.00098.x  PMID:18171408 
  88. Breast milk intake is not reduced more by the introduction of energy dense complementary food than by typical infant porridge. J Nutr. 2007;137(7):1828-1833. PMID:17585038 
  89. A large-scale operational study of home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food in childhood malnutrition in Malawi. Matern Child Nutr. 2007;3(3):206-215. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2007.00095.x  PMID:17539889 
  90. A prospective assessment of food and nutrient intake in a population of Malawian children at risk for kwashiorkor. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2007;44(4):487-493. doi:10.1097/MPG.0b013e31802c6e57  PMID:17414147 
  91. Growth and change in blood haemoglobin concentration among underweight Malawian infants receiving fortified spreads for 12 weeks: a preliminary trial. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006;43(4):525-532. doi:10.1097/01.mpg.0000235981.26700.d3  PMID:17033530 
  92. Local production and provision of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) spread for the treatment of severe childhood malnutrition. Food Nutr Bull. 2006;27(3 Suppl):S83-S89. PMID:17076214 
  93. Home-based therapy for oedematous malnutrition with ready-to-use therapeutic food. Acta Paediatr. 2006;95(8):1012-1015. doi:10.1080/08035250600606803  PMID:16882579 
  94. Cortisol and its action on the glucocorticoid receptor in malnutrition and acute infection. Metabolism. 2006;55(4):550-554. doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2005.11.009  PMID:16546487 
  95. The quality of the diet in Malawian children with kwashiorkor and marasmus. Matern Child Nutr. 2006;2(2):114-122. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2006.00053.x  PMID:16881921 
  96. Supplemental feeding with ready-to-use therapeutic food in Malawian children at risk of malnutrition. J Health Popul Nutr. 2005;23(4):351-357. PMID:16599106 
  97. Effect of Lactobacillus GG on intestinal integrity in Malawian children at risk of tropical enteropathy. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;82(5):1040-1045. PMID:16280436 
  98. Antioxidant supplementation for the prevention of kwashiorkor in Malawian children: randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. BMJ. 2005;330(7500):1109-1112. doi:10.1136/bmj.38427.404259.8F  PMCID:PMC557886  PMID:15851401 
  99. Comparison of home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food with standard therapy in the treatment of malnourished Malawian children: a controlled, clinical effectiveness trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;81(4):864-870. PMID:15817865 
  100. Home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food is of benefit to malnourished, HIV-infected Malawian children. Acta Paediatr. 2005;94(2):222-225. PMID:15981758 
  101. Home-based treatment of malnourished Malawian children with locally produced or imported ready-to-use food. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2004;39(2):141-146. PMID:15269617 
  102. Protein Quantity, Not Protein Quality, Accelerates Whole-Body Leucine Kinetics and the Acute Phase Response During Acute Infection in Marasmic Malawian Children Brit J Nutr. 2004;92:589-595. 
  103. Home based therapy for severe malnutrition with ready-to-use food. Arch Dis Child. 2004;89(6):557-561. PMCID:PMC1719944  PMID:15155403 
  104. Whole-body leucine kinetics and the acute phase response during acute infection in marasmic Malawian children. Pediatr Res. 2004;55(6):940-946. doi:10.1203/01.pdr.0000127017.44938.6d  PMID:15155863 
  105. Supplementary feeding of underweight, stunted Malawian children with a ready-to-use food. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2004;38(2):152-158. PMID:14734876 
  106. CO2 production during acute infection in malnourished Malawian children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58(1):116-120. doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601757  PMID:14679376 
  107. Urea production and leucine oxidation in malnourished children with and without acute infection. Metabolism. 2002;51(11):1418-1422. PMID:12404191 
  108. Zinc homeostasis in Malawian children consuming a high-phytate, maize-based diet. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002;75(6):1057-1061. PMID:12036813 
  109. Community-based dietary phytate reduction and its effect on iron status in Malawian children. Ann Trop Paediatr. 2002;22(2):133-136. doi:10.1179/027249302125000850  PMID:12070948 
  110. Selenium status, kwashiorkor and congestive heart failure. Acta Paediatr. 2001;90(8):950-952. PMID:11529549 
  111. Dietary phytate reduction improves zinc absorption in Malawian children recovering from tuberculosis but not in well children. J Nutr. 2000;130(12):2959-2964. PMID:11110854 
  112. Increased oxidative stress in kwashiorkor. J Pediatr. 2000;137(3):421-424. doi:10.1067/mpd.2000.107512  PMID:10969271 
  113. Intensive nursing care of kwashiorkor in Malawi. Acta Paediatr. 2000;89(2):203-207. PMID:10709892 
  114. Plasma urea appearance rate is lower when children with kwashiorkor and infection are fed egg white-tryptophan rather than milk protein. J Nutr. 2000;130(2):183-188. PMID:10720167 
  115. Etiology of serious infections in young Gambian infants. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18(10 Suppl):S35-S41. PMID:10530572 
  116. Clinical prediction of serious bacterial infections in young infants in developing countries. The WHO Young Infants Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18:S23-S31. PMID:10530570 
  117. Methodology for a multicenter study of serious infections in young infants in developing countries. The WHO Young Infants Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18:S8-S16. PMID:10530568 
  118. Serious infections in young infants in developing countries: rationale for a multicenter study. The WHO Young Infants Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18:S4-S7. PMID:10530567 
  119. Bacterial etiology of serious infections in young infants in developing countries: results of a multicenter study. The WHO Young Infants Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18:S17-S22. PMID:10530569 
  120. Conclusions from the WHO multicenter study of serious infections in young infants. The WHO Young Infants Study Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999;18:S32-S34. PMID:10530571 
  121. Severe hypophosphatemia in children with kwashiorkor is associated with increased mortality. J Pediatr. 1998;133(6):789-791. PMID:9842046 
  122. Comparison of Milk and Maize Based Diets in Kwashiorkor Malawi Medical Journal. 1998;11:2-5. 
  123. Case Management of Kwashiorkor: An Intervention Project at 7-Nutrition Rehabilitation Centres n Malawi Malawi Medical Journal. 1998;11:15-20. 
  124. Whole-body protein kinetics in marasmus and kwashiorkor during acute infection. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;67:1205-1209. PMID:9625094 
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