Dorothy Katherine Grange, M.D.

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Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Genetics and Genomic Medicine
Genetics and Genomic Medicine

phone: (314) 454-6093


  • BA, Cum Laude, Mount Holyoke College1980
  • MD, University of Florida College of Medicine1982


  • Pathology Intern, University of Florida1981 - 1982
  • Pediatric Intern and Resident, University of Wisconsin1982 - 1985
  • Pathology Resident, University of Wisconsin1985 - 1986
  • Medical Genetics Fellowship Program, National Institutes of Health1986 - 1989

Licensure and Board Certification

  • 1981 - 1986WI
  • 1982 - PresNational Board of Medical Examiners
  • 1986 - 1989MD
  • 1987 - PresAmerican Academy of Pediatrics
  • 1989 - 2023MO
  • 1990 - PresClinical Genetics, American Board of Medical Genetics
  • 2002 - 2023IL
  • 2009 - PresMedical Biochemical Genetics, American Board of Medical Genetics

Honors and Awards

  • Dean Mitchell Baker Medical Student Award for Pediatric Cardiology1981
  • Outstanding Teacher Award - Subspecialty, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine2008 - 2009
  • Distinguished Clinician Award, Washington University School of Medicine2015
  • Shining Star Award from the Down Syndrome Association of Greater St Louis2016

Recent Publications view all (140)

  1. Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy for Two Neonates With Hyperammonemia. Front Pediatr. 2021. doi:10.3389/fped.2021.732354  PMID:34805036 
  2. Elucidating the molecular mechanisms associated with TARS2-related mitochondrial disease Hum Mol Genet. 2021. doi:10.1093/hmg/ddab257  PMID:34508595 
  3. Behavioral and cognitive functioning in individuals with Cantú syndrome Am J Med Genet A. 2021. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.62348  PMID:34056838  
  4. Variants in PRKAR1B cause a neurodevelopmental disorder with autism spectrum disorder, apraxia, and insensitivity to pain Genet Med. 2021. doi:10.1038/s41436-021-01152-7  PMID:33833410  
  5. Rare cause of xanthinuria: a pediatric case of molybdenum cofactor deficiency B. CEN Case Rep.. 2021. doi:10.1007/s13730-021-00572-3  PMID:33502714  
  6. Kir6.1- and SUR2-dependent KATP over-activity disrupts intestinal motility in murine models of Cantu Syndrome JCI Insight. 2020;5(23):e141443. doi:10.1172/jci.insight.141443  PMID:33170808  
  7. Cantú Syndrome GeneReviews. 2020. PMID:25275207 
  8. Fatal COVID‐19 infection in a patient with long‐chain 3‐hydroxyacyl‐CoA dehydrogenase deficiency: A case report JIMD Reports. 2020. doi:10.1002/jmd2.12165  
  9. Enhanced MAPK1 Function Causes a Neurodevelopmental Disorder within the RASopathy Clinical Spectrum Am J Med Genet A. 2020;107(3):499-513. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2020.06.018  PMID:32721402 
  10. Siblings with a novel MED12 variant and Odho syndrome with immune defects Clin Genet. 2020;98(3):308-310. doi:10.1111/cge.13806  PMID:32721402 
  11. Pegvaliase for the treatment of phenylketonuria: Results of the phase 2 dose-finding studies with long-term follow-up Mol Genet Metab. 2020;130(4):239-246. doi:10.1016/j.ymgme.2020.06.006  PMID:32593547 
  12. Safety and immunogenicity of Fc-EDA, a recombinant ectodysplasin A1 replacement protein, in human subjects Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2020;86(10):2063-2069. doi:10.1111/bcp.14301  PMID:32250462 
  13. Three-dimensional facial morphology in Cantu syndrome Am J Med Genet A. 2020;182(5):1041-1052. PMID:32100467 
  14. Phenotypic expansion of KMT2D-related disorder: Beyond Kabuki syndrome Am J Med Genet A. 2020;182(5):1053-1065. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.61518  PMID:32083401 
  15. De novo TBR1 variants cause a neurocognitive phenotype with ID and autistic traits: report of 25 new individuals and review of the literature Eur J Hum Genet. 2020;28(6):770-782. doi:10.1038/s41431-020-0571-6  PMID:32005960 
  16. Newborn Screening for Pompe Disease in Illinois: Experience with 684,290 Infants Int J Neonatal Screen. 2020;6(1):4. doi:10.3390/ijns6010004  PMID:33073003 
  17. Loss-of-Function Variants in PPP1R12A: From Isolated Sex Reversal to Holoprosencephaly Spectrum and Urogenital Malformations Am J Med Genet A. 2019;106(1):121-128. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.12.004  PMID:31883643 
  18. Cantú syndrome: Findings from 74 patients in the International Cantú Syndrome Registry Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet. 2019;181(4):658-681. doi:10.1002/ajmg.c.31753  PMID:31828977 
  19. Clinical and Pathological Features of a Newborn With Compound Heterozygous ANKS6 Variants Pediatr Dev Path. 2019;23(3):235-239. doi:10.1177/1093526619881541  PMID:316355528 
  20. Population-Based Newborn Screening for Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II in Illinois: The First Year Experience. J Pediatr. 2019;S0022-3476(19):30961-30968. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2019.07.053  PMID:31477379 
  21. White and gray matter brain development in children and young adults with phenylketonuria. Neuroimage Clin. 2019;23:101916. doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2019.101916  
  22. Mutation update for the SATB2 gene Hum Mutat. 2019;40(8):1013-1029. doi:10.1002/humu.23771  PMID:31021519 
  23. Glibenclamide treatment in a Cantú syndrome patient with a pathogenic ABCC9 gain-of-function variant: Initial experience. Am J Med Genet A. 2019;179(8):1585-1590. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.61200  PMID:31175705 
  24. Biallelic variants in SMAD6 are associated with a complex cardiovascular phenotype. Hum Genet. 2019. doi:10.1007/s00439-019-02011-x  PMID:30963242  
  25. De novo variants in HK1 associated with neurodevelopmental abnormalities and visual impairment. Eur J Hum Genet.. 2019. doi:10.1038/s41431-019-0366-9  PMID:30778173 
  26. Variants in TCF20 in neurodevelopmental disability: description of 27 new patients and review of literature. Genet Med. 2019. doi:10.1038/s41436-019-0454-9  PMID:30739909  
  27. Complex Compound Inheritance of Lethal Lung Developmental Disorders Due to Disruption of the TBX-FGF Pathway. Am J Hum Genet. . 2019;104(2):213-228. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.12.010  PMID:30639323 
  28. Bi-allelic POLR3A Loss-of-Function Variants Cause Autosomal-Recessive Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch Syndrome. Am J Hum Genet.. 2018;103(6):968-975. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.10.010  PMID:30414627 
  29. Dichotomous roles of TBX3 in the establishment of atrioventricular conduction pathways in the human heart. Heart Rhythm Case Rep.. 2018;5(2):109-111. doi:10.1016/j.hrcr.2018.11.005  PMID:30820409  
  30. FARS2 deficiency; new cases, review of clinical, biochemical, and molecular spectra, and variants interpretation based on structural, functional, and evolutionary significance Mol Genet Metab. 2018. doi:org/10.1016/j.ymgme.2018.07.014  
  31. Phenotypic spectrum of Au-Kline syndrome: a report of six new cases and review of the literature Eur J Hum Genet. 2018. doi:10.1038/s41431-018-0187-2  PMID:29904177 
  32. Pegvaliase for the treatment of phenylketonuria: A pivotal, double-blind randomized discontinuation Phase 3 clinical trial Mol Genet Metab. 2018;124(1):20-26. doi:10.1016/j.ymgme.2018.03.003  PMID:29628378 
  33. Developmental Trajectories of Executive and Verbal Processes in Children with Phenylketonuria Dev Neuropsychol. 2018;43(3):207-218. doi:10.1080/87565641.2018.1438439  PMID:29432026 
  34. Cantu syndrome-associated SUR2 (ABCC9) mutations in distinct structural domains result in KATP channel gain-of-function by differential mechanisms J Biol Chem. 2018;293(6):2041-2052. doi:10.1074/jbc.RA117.000351  PMID:29275331 
  35. De Novo Mutations in Protein Kinase Genes CAMK2A and CAMK2B Cause Intellectual Disability Am J Hum Genet. 2017;101(5):768-788. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2017.10.003  PMID:29100089 
  36. Automatic recognition of the XLHED phenotype from facial images. Am J Med Genet A. 2017;173(9):2408-2414. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.38343  PMID:28691769 
  37. Phenotypic and molecular characterisation of CDK13-related congenital heart defects, dysmorphic facial features and intellectual developmental disorders. Genome Med. 2017;9(1):73. doi: doi: 10.1186/s13073-017-0463-8  PMID:28807008  
  38. Survival among children with "Lethal" congenital contracture syndrome 11 caused by novel mutations in the gliomedin gene (GLDN). Hum Mutat. 2017;38(11):1477-1484. doi:10.1002/humu.23297  PMID:28726266 
  39. Newborn Screening for Lysosomal Storage Disorders in Illinois: The Initial 15-Month Experience. J Pediatr. 2017;pii: S0022-3476(17):30898-3. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.06.048  PMID:28728811 
  40. The Exome Clinic and the role of medical genetics expertise in the interpretation of exome sequencing results Genet Med. 2017;19(9):1040-1048.  PMCID:PMC5581723  PMID:28252636 
  41. Pretreatment cognitive and neural differences between sapropterin dihydrochloride responders and non-responders with phenylketonuria. Mol Genet Metab Rep. 2017;12:8-13. doi:10.1016/j.ymgmr.2017.01.013  PMID:28271047 
  42. A postnatal role for embryonic myosin revealed by MYH3 mutations that alter TGFβ signaling and cause autosomal dominant spondylocarpotarsal synostosis Sci Rep. 2017;7:41803. doi:10.1038/srep41803.  PMID:28205584  
  43. Classification of Genes: Standardized Clinical Validity Assessment of Gene-Disease Associations Aids Diagnostic Exome Analysis and Reclassifications. Hum Mutat. 2017;38(5):600-608. doi:10.1002/humu.23183  PMID:28106320 
  44. Clinical utility gene card for: Cantú syndrome. Eur J Hum Genet. 2017;25(4). doi:10.1038/ejhg.2016.185  PMID:28051078 
  45. Brain White Matter Integrity Mediates the Relationship Between Phenylalanine Control and Executive Abilities in Children with Phenylketonuria. JIMD Rep. 2017;33:41-47. PMCID:PMC5413446  PMID:27450369 
  46. Loss-of-Function Mutations in YY1AP1 Lead to Grange Syndrome and a Fibromuscular Dysplasia-Like Vascular Disease. Am J Hum Genet. 2016;100(1):21-30. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2016.11.008  PMID:27939641 
  47. De novo and inherited mutations in the X-linked gene CLCN4 are associated with syndromic intellectual disability and behavior and seizure disorders in males and females. Mol Psychiatry. 2016. PMID:27550844 
  48. Status dystonicus in two patients with SOX2-anophthalmia syndrome and nonsense mutations Am J Med Genet. 2016. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.37849  PMID:27427475 
  49. Neurologic and neuroimaging manifestations of Cantú syndrome: A case series Neurology. 2016. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000002861  PMID:27316244  
  50. Utility of clinical high-depth next generation sequencing for somatic variant detection in the PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum Clin Genet. 2016. doi:10.1111/cge.12819  PMID:27307077 
  51. A Recurrent Mosaic Mutation in SMO, Encoding the Hedgehog Signal Transducer Smoothened, Is the Major Cause of Curry-Jones Syndrome. Am J Hum Genet. 2016;98(6):1256-65. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2016.04.007  PMID:27236920 
  52. KATP channel gain-of-function leads to increased myocardial L-type Ca2+ current and contractility in Cantu syndrome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016. doi:10.1073/pnas.1606465113  PMID:27247394 
  53. Clinical and radiographic delineation of bent bone dysplasia-FGFR2 type or bent bone dysplasia with distinctive clavicles and angel-shaped phalanges. Am J Med Genet A. 2016. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.37772  PMID:27240702 
  54. A Syndromic Intellectual Disability Disorder Caused by Variants in TELO2, a Gene Encoding a Component of the TTT Complex. Am J Hum Genet. 2016;98(5):909-18. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2016.03.014  PMID:27132593 
  55. Relationship between age and white matter integrity in children with phenylketonuria Mol Genet Metab Rep. 2016;7:45-9. doi:10.1016/j.ymgmr.2016.03.003  PMID:27114916 
  56. Multigenerational autosomal dominant inheritance of 5p chromosomal deletions. Am J Med Genet A. 2016;170(3):583-93. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.37445  PMID:26601658